blob: 90714727cde2d714643b2ac11d246bf41ec74627 [file] [log] [blame]
#
# (C) Copyright 2000 - 2008
# Wolfgang Denk, DENX Software Engineering, wd@denx.de.
#
# See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
# project.
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
# modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
# published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
# the License, or (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
# MA 02111-1307 USA
#
Summary:
========
This directory contains the source code for U-Boot, a boot loader for
Embedded boards based on PowerPC, ARM, MIPS and several other
processors, which can be installed in a boot ROM and used to
initialize and test the hardware or to download and run application
code.
The development of U-Boot is closely related to Linux: some parts of
the source code originate in the Linux source tree, we have some
header files in common, and special provision has been made to
support booting of Linux images.
Some attention has been paid to make this software easily
configurable and extendable. For instance, all monitor commands are
implemented with the same call interface, so that it's very easy to
add new commands. Also, instead of permanently adding rarely used
code (for instance hardware test utilities) to the monitor, you can
load and run it dynamically.
Status:
=======
In general, all boards for which a configuration option exists in the
Makefile have been tested to some extent and can be considered
"working". In fact, many of them are used in production systems.
In case of problems see the CHANGELOG and CREDITS files to find out
who contributed the specific port. The MAINTAINERS file lists board
maintainers.
Where to get help:
==================
In case you have questions about, problems with or contributions for
U-Boot you should send a message to the U-Boot mailing list at
<u-boot@lists.denx.de>. There is also an archive of previous traffic
on the mailing list - please search the archive before asking FAQ's.
Please see http://lists.denx.de/pipermail/u-boot and
http://dir.gmane.org/gmane.comp.boot-loaders.u-boot
Where to get source code:
=========================
The U-Boot source code is maintained in the git repository at
git://www.denx.de/git/u-boot.git ; you can browse it online at
http://www.denx.de/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi?p=u-boot.git;a=summary
The "snapshot" links on this page allow you to download tarballs of
any version you might be interested in. Official releases are also
available for FTP download from the ftp://ftp.denx.de/pub/u-boot/
directory.
Pre-built (and tested) images are available from
ftp://ftp.denx.de/pub/u-boot/images/
Where we come from:
===================
- start from 8xxrom sources
- create PPCBoot project (http://sourceforge.net/projects/ppcboot)
- clean up code
- make it easier to add custom boards
- make it possible to add other [PowerPC] CPUs
- extend functions, especially:
* Provide extended interface to Linux boot loader
* S-Record download
* network boot
* PCMCIA / CompactFlash / ATA disk / SCSI ... boot
- create ARMBoot project (http://sourceforge.net/projects/armboot)
- add other CPU families (starting with ARM)
- create U-Boot project (http://sourceforge.net/projects/u-boot)
- current project page: see http://www.denx.de/wiki/U-Boot
Names and Spelling:
===================
The "official" name of this project is "Das U-Boot". The spelling
"U-Boot" shall be used in all written text (documentation, comments
in source files etc.). Example:
This is the README file for the U-Boot project.
File names etc. shall be based on the string "u-boot". Examples:
include/asm-ppc/u-boot.h
#include <asm/u-boot.h>
Variable names, preprocessor constants etc. shall be either based on
the string "u_boot" or on "U_BOOT". Example:
U_BOOT_VERSION u_boot_logo
IH_OS_U_BOOT u_boot_hush_start
Versioning:
===========
U-Boot uses a 3 level version number containing a version, a
sub-version, and a patchlevel: "U-Boot-2.34.5" means version "2",
sub-version "34", and patchlevel "4".
The patchlevel is used to indicate certain stages of development
between released versions, i. e. officially released versions of
U-Boot will always have a patchlevel of "0".
Directory Hierarchy:
====================
- board Board dependent files
- common Misc architecture independent functions
- cpu CPU specific files
- 74xx_7xx Files specific to Freescale MPC74xx and 7xx CPUs
- arm720t Files specific to ARM 720 CPUs
- arm920t Files specific to ARM 920 CPUs
- at91rm9200 Files specific to Atmel AT91RM9200 CPU
- imx Files specific to Freescale MC9328 i.MX CPUs
- s3c24x0 Files specific to Samsung S3C24X0 CPUs
- arm925t Files specific to ARM 925 CPUs
- arm926ejs Files specific to ARM 926 CPUs
- arm1136 Files specific to ARM 1136 CPUs
- at32ap Files specific to Atmel AVR32 AP CPUs
- blackfin Files specific to Analog Devices Blackfin CPUs
- i386 Files specific to i386 CPUs
- ixp Files specific to Intel XScale IXP CPUs
- leon2 Files specific to Gaisler LEON2 SPARC CPU
- leon3 Files specific to Gaisler LEON3 SPARC CPU
- mcf52x2 Files specific to Freescale ColdFire MCF52x2 CPUs
- mcf5227x Files specific to Freescale ColdFire MCF5227x CPUs
- mcf532x Files specific to Freescale ColdFire MCF5329 CPUs
- mcf5445x Files specific to Freescale ColdFire MCF5445x CPUs
- mcf547x_8x Files specific to Freescale ColdFire MCF547x_8x CPUs
- mips Files specific to MIPS CPUs
- mpc5xx Files specific to Freescale MPC5xx CPUs
- mpc5xxx Files specific to Freescale MPC5xxx CPUs
- mpc8xx Files specific to Freescale MPC8xx CPUs
- mpc8220 Files specific to Freescale MPC8220 CPUs
- mpc824x Files specific to Freescale MPC824x CPUs
- mpc8260 Files specific to Freescale MPC8260 CPUs
- mpc85xx Files specific to Freescale MPC85xx CPUs
- nios Files specific to Altera NIOS CPUs
- nios2 Files specific to Altera Nios-II CPUs
- ppc4xx Files specific to AMCC PowerPC 4xx CPUs
- pxa Files specific to Intel XScale PXA CPUs
- s3c44b0 Files specific to Samsung S3C44B0 CPUs
- sa1100 Files specific to Intel StrongARM SA1100 CPUs
- disk Code for disk drive partition handling
- doc Documentation (don't expect too much)
- drivers Commonly used device drivers
- dtt Digital Thermometer and Thermostat drivers
- examples Example code for standalone applications, etc.
- include Header Files
- lib_arm Files generic to ARM architecture
- lib_avr32 Files generic to AVR32 architecture
- lib_blackfin Files generic to Blackfin architecture
- lib_generic Files generic to all architectures
- lib_i386 Files generic to i386 architecture
- lib_m68k Files generic to m68k architecture
- lib_mips Files generic to MIPS architecture
- lib_nios Files generic to NIOS architecture
- lib_ppc Files generic to PowerPC architecture
- lib_sparc Files generic to SPARC architecture
- libfdt Library files to support flattened device trees
- net Networking code
- post Power On Self Test
- rtc Real Time Clock drivers
- tools Tools to build S-Record or U-Boot images, etc.
Software Configuration:
=======================
Configuration is usually done using C preprocessor defines; the
rationale behind that is to avoid dead code whenever possible.
There are two classes of configuration variables:
* Configuration _OPTIONS_:
These are selectable by the user and have names beginning with
"CONFIG_".
* Configuration _SETTINGS_:
These depend on the hardware etc. and should not be meddled with if
you don't know what you're doing; they have names beginning with
"CONFIG_SYS_".
Later we will add a configuration tool - probably similar to or even
identical to what's used for the Linux kernel. Right now, we have to
do the configuration by hand, which means creating some symbolic
links and editing some configuration files. We use the TQM8xxL boards
as an example here.
Selection of Processor Architecture and Board Type:
---------------------------------------------------
For all supported boards there are ready-to-use default
configurations available; just type "make <board_name>_config".
Example: For a TQM823L module type:
cd u-boot
make TQM823L_config
For the Cogent platform, you need to specify the CPU type as well;
e.g. "make cogent_mpc8xx_config". And also configure the cogent
directory according to the instructions in cogent/README.
Configuration Options:
----------------------
Configuration depends on the combination of board and CPU type; all
such information is kept in a configuration file
"include/configs/<board_name>.h".
Example: For a TQM823L module, all configuration settings are in
"include/configs/TQM823L.h".
Many of the options are named exactly as the corresponding Linux
kernel configuration options. The intention is to make it easier to
build a config tool - later.
The following options need to be configured:
- CPU Type: Define exactly one, e.g. CONFIG_MPC85XX.
- Board Type: Define exactly one, e.g. CONFIG_MPC8540ADS.
- CPU Daughterboard Type: (if CONFIG_ATSTK1000 is defined)
Define exactly one, e.g. CONFIG_ATSTK1002
- CPU Module Type: (if CONFIG_COGENT is defined)
Define exactly one of
CONFIG_CMA286_60_OLD
--- FIXME --- not tested yet:
CONFIG_CMA286_60, CONFIG_CMA286_21, CONFIG_CMA286_60P,
CONFIG_CMA287_23, CONFIG_CMA287_50
- Motherboard Type: (if CONFIG_COGENT is defined)
Define exactly one of
CONFIG_CMA101, CONFIG_CMA102
- Motherboard I/O Modules: (if CONFIG_COGENT is defined)
Define one or more of
CONFIG_CMA302
- Motherboard Options: (if CONFIG_CMA101 or CONFIG_CMA102 are defined)
Define one or more of
CONFIG_LCD_HEARTBEAT - update a character position on
the LCD display every second with
a "rotator" |\-/|\-/
- Board flavour: (if CONFIG_MPC8260ADS is defined)
CONFIG_ADSTYPE
Possible values are:
CONFIG_SYS_8260ADS - original MPC8260ADS
CONFIG_SYS_8266ADS - MPC8266ADS
CONFIG_SYS_PQ2FADS - PQ2FADS-ZU or PQ2FADS-VR
CONFIG_SYS_8272ADS - MPC8272ADS
- MPC824X Family Member (if CONFIG_MPC824X is defined)
Define exactly one of
CONFIG_MPC8240, CONFIG_MPC8245
- 8xx CPU Options: (if using an MPC8xx CPU)
CONFIG_8xx_GCLK_FREQ - deprecated: CPU clock if
get_gclk_freq() cannot work
e.g. if there is no 32KHz
reference PIT/RTC clock
CONFIG_8xx_OSCLK - PLL input clock (either EXTCLK
or XTAL/EXTAL)
- 859/866/885 CPU options: (if using a MPC859 or MPC866 or MPC885 CPU):
CONFIG_SYS_8xx_CPUCLK_MIN
CONFIG_SYS_8xx_CPUCLK_MAX
CONFIG_8xx_CPUCLK_DEFAULT
See doc/README.MPC866
CONFIG_SYS_MEASURE_CPUCLK
Define this to measure the actual CPU clock instead
of relying on the correctness of the configured
values. Mostly useful for board bringup to make sure
the PLL is locked at the intended frequency. Note
that this requires a (stable) reference clock (32 kHz
RTC clock or CONFIG_SYS_8XX_XIN)
CONFIG_SYS_DELAYED_ICACHE
Define this option if you want to enable the
ICache only when Code runs from RAM.
- Intel Monahans options:
CONFIG_SYS_MONAHANS_RUN_MODE_OSC_RATIO
Defines the Monahans run mode to oscillator
ratio. Valid values are 8, 16, 24, 31. The core
frequency is this value multiplied by 13 MHz.
CONFIG_SYS_MONAHANS_TURBO_RUN_MODE_RATIO
Defines the Monahans turbo mode to oscillator
ratio. Valid values are 1 (default if undefined) and
2. The core frequency as calculated above is multiplied
by this value.
- Linux Kernel Interface:
CONFIG_CLOCKS_IN_MHZ
U-Boot stores all clock information in Hz
internally. For binary compatibility with older Linux
kernels (which expect the clocks passed in the
bd_info data to be in MHz) the environment variable
"clocks_in_mhz" can be defined so that U-Boot
converts clock data to MHZ before passing it to the
Linux kernel.
When CONFIG_CLOCKS_IN_MHZ is defined, a definition of
"clocks_in_mhz=1" is automatically included in the
default environment.
CONFIG_MEMSIZE_IN_BYTES [relevant for MIPS only]
When transferring memsize parameter to linux, some versions
expect it to be in bytes, others in MB.
Define CONFIG_MEMSIZE_IN_BYTES to make it in bytes.
CONFIG_OF_LIBFDT
New kernel versions are expecting firmware settings to be
passed using flattened device trees (based on open firmware
concepts).
CONFIG_OF_LIBFDT
* New libfdt-based support
* Adds the "fdt" command
* The bootm command automatically updates the fdt
OF_CPU - The proper name of the cpus node.
OF_SOC - The proper name of the soc node.
OF_TBCLK - The timebase frequency.
OF_STDOUT_PATH - The path to the console device
boards with QUICC Engines require OF_QE to set UCC MAC
addresses
CONFIG_OF_BOARD_SETUP
Board code has addition modification that it wants to make
to the flat device tree before handing it off to the kernel
CONFIG_OF_BOOT_CPU
This define fills in the correct boot CPU in the boot
param header, the default value is zero if undefined.
- vxWorks boot parameters:
bootvx constructs a valid bootline using the following
environments variables: bootfile, ipaddr, serverip, hostname.
It loads the vxWorks image pointed bootfile.
CONFIG_SYS_VXWORKS_BOOT_DEVICE - The vxworks device name
CONFIG_SYS_VXWORKS_MAC_PTR - Ethernet 6 byte MA -address
CONFIG_SYS_VXWORKS_SERVERNAME - Name of the server
CONFIG_SYS_VXWORKS_BOOT_ADDR - Address of boot parameters
CONFIG_SYS_VXWORKS_ADD_PARAMS
Add it at the end of the bootline. E.g "u=username pw=secret"
Note: If a "bootargs" environment is defined, it will overwride
the defaults discussed just above.
- Serial Ports:
CONFIG_PL010_SERIAL
Define this if you want support for Amba PrimeCell PL010 UARTs.
CONFIG_PL011_SERIAL
Define this if you want support for Amba PrimeCell PL011 UARTs.
CONFIG_PL011_CLOCK
If you have Amba PrimeCell PL011 UARTs, set this variable to
the clock speed of the UARTs.
CONFIG_PL01x_PORTS
If you have Amba PrimeCell PL010 or PL011 UARTs on your board,
define this to a list of base addresses for each (supported)
port. See e.g. include/configs/versatile.h
- Console Interface:
Depending on board, define exactly one serial port
(like CONFIG_8xx_CONS_SMC1, CONFIG_8xx_CONS_SMC2,
CONFIG_8xx_CONS_SCC1, ...), or switch off the serial
console by defining CONFIG_8xx_CONS_NONE
Note: if CONFIG_8xx_CONS_NONE is defined, the serial
port routines must be defined elsewhere
(i.e. serial_init(), serial_getc(), ...)
CONFIG_CFB_CONSOLE
Enables console device for a color framebuffer. Needs following
defines (cf. smiLynxEM, i8042, board/eltec/bab7xx)
VIDEO_FB_LITTLE_ENDIAN graphic memory organisation
(default big endian)
VIDEO_HW_RECTFILL graphic chip supports
rectangle fill
(cf. smiLynxEM)
VIDEO_HW_BITBLT graphic chip supports
bit-blit (cf. smiLynxEM)
VIDEO_VISIBLE_COLS visible pixel columns
(cols=pitch)
VIDEO_VISIBLE_ROWS visible pixel rows
VIDEO_PIXEL_SIZE bytes per pixel
VIDEO_DATA_FORMAT graphic data format
(0-5, cf. cfb_console.c)
VIDEO_FB_ADRS framebuffer address
VIDEO_KBD_INIT_FCT keyboard int fct
(i.e. i8042_kbd_init())
VIDEO_TSTC_FCT test char fct
(i.e. i8042_tstc)
VIDEO_GETC_FCT get char fct
(i.e. i8042_getc)
CONFIG_CONSOLE_CURSOR cursor drawing on/off
(requires blink timer
cf. i8042.c)
CONFIG_SYS_CONSOLE_BLINK_COUNT blink interval (cf. i8042.c)
CONFIG_CONSOLE_TIME display time/date info in
upper right corner
(requires CONFIG_CMD_DATE)
CONFIG_VIDEO_LOGO display Linux logo in
upper left corner
CONFIG_VIDEO_BMP_LOGO use bmp_logo.h instead of
linux_logo.h for logo.
Requires CONFIG_VIDEO_LOGO
CONFIG_CONSOLE_EXTRA_INFO
additional board info beside
the logo
When CONFIG_CFB_CONSOLE is defined, video console is
default i/o. Serial console can be forced with
environment 'console=serial'.
When CONFIG_SILENT_CONSOLE is defined, all console
messages (by U-Boot and Linux!) can be silenced with
the "silent" environment variable. See
doc/README.silent for more information.
- Console Baudrate:
CONFIG_BAUDRATE - in bps
Select one of the baudrates listed in
CONFIG_SYS_BAUDRATE_TABLE, see below.
CONFIG_SYS_BRGCLK_PRESCALE, baudrate prescale
- Console Rx buffer length
With CONFIG_SYS_SMC_RXBUFLEN it is possible to define
the maximum receive buffer length for the SMC.
This option is actual only for 82xx and 8xx possible.
If using CONFIG_SYS_SMC_RXBUFLEN also CONFIG_SYS_MAXIDLE
must be defined, to setup the maximum idle timeout for
the SMC.
- Interrupt driven serial port input:
CONFIG_SERIAL_SOFTWARE_FIFO
PPC405GP only.
Use an interrupt handler for receiving data on the
serial port. It also enables using hardware handshake
(RTS/CTS) and UART's built-in FIFO. Set the number of
bytes the interrupt driven input buffer should have.
Leave undefined to disable this feature, including
disable the buffer and hardware handshake.
- Console UART Number:
CONFIG_UART1_CONSOLE
AMCC PPC4xx only.
If defined internal UART1 (and not UART0) is used
as default U-Boot console.
- Boot Delay: CONFIG_BOOTDELAY - in seconds
Delay before automatically booting the default image;
set to -1 to disable autoboot.
See doc/README.autoboot for these options that
work with CONFIG_BOOTDELAY. None are required.
CONFIG_BOOT_RETRY_TIME
CONFIG_BOOT_RETRY_MIN
CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_KEYED
CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_PROMPT
CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_DELAY_STR
CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_STOP_STR
CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_DELAY_STR2
CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_STOP_STR2
CONFIG_ZERO_BOOTDELAY_CHECK
CONFIG_RESET_TO_RETRY
- Autoboot Command:
CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND
Only needed when CONFIG_BOOTDELAY is enabled;
define a command string that is automatically executed
when no character is read on the console interface
within "Boot Delay" after reset.
CONFIG_BOOTARGS
This can be used to pass arguments to the bootm
command. The value of CONFIG_BOOTARGS goes into the
environment value "bootargs".
CONFIG_RAMBOOT and CONFIG_NFSBOOT
The value of these goes into the environment as
"ramboot" and "nfsboot" respectively, and can be used
as a convenience, when switching between booting from
RAM and NFS.
- Pre-Boot Commands:
CONFIG_PREBOOT
When this option is #defined, the existence of the
environment variable "preboot" will be checked
immediately before starting the CONFIG_BOOTDELAY
countdown and/or running the auto-boot command resp.
entering interactive mode.
This feature is especially useful when "preboot" is
automatically generated or modified. For an example
see the LWMON board specific code: here "preboot" is
modified when the user holds down a certain
combination of keys on the (special) keyboard when
booting the systems
- Serial Download Echo Mode:
CONFIG_LOADS_ECHO
If defined to 1, all characters received during a
serial download (using the "loads" command) are
echoed back. This might be needed by some terminal
emulations (like "cu"), but may as well just take
time on others. This setting #define's the initial
value of the "loads_echo" environment variable.
- Kgdb Serial Baudrate: (if CONFIG_CMD_KGDB is defined)
CONFIG_KGDB_BAUDRATE
Select one of the baudrates listed in
CONFIG_SYS_BAUDRATE_TABLE, see below.
- Monitor Functions:
Monitor commands can be included or excluded
from the build by using the #include files
"config_cmd_all.h" and #undef'ing unwanted
commands, or using "config_cmd_default.h"
and augmenting with additional #define's
for wanted commands.
The default command configuration includes all commands
except those marked below with a "*".
CONFIG_CMD_ASKENV * ask for env variable
CONFIG_CMD_BDI bdinfo
CONFIG_CMD_BEDBUG * Include BedBug Debugger
CONFIG_CMD_BMP * BMP support
CONFIG_CMD_BSP * Board specific commands
CONFIG_CMD_BOOTD bootd
CONFIG_CMD_CACHE * icache, dcache
CONFIG_CMD_CONSOLE coninfo
CONFIG_CMD_DATE * support for RTC, date/time...
CONFIG_CMD_DHCP * DHCP support
CONFIG_CMD_DIAG * Diagnostics
CONFIG_CMD_DS4510 * ds4510 I2C gpio commands
CONFIG_CMD_DS4510_INFO * ds4510 I2C info command
CONFIG_CMD_DS4510_MEM * ds4510 I2C eeprom/sram commansd
CONFIG_CMD_DS4510_RST * ds4510 I2C rst command
CONFIG_CMD_DTT * Digital Therm and Thermostat
CONFIG_CMD_ECHO echo arguments
CONFIG_CMD_EEPROM * EEPROM read/write support
CONFIG_CMD_ELF * bootelf, bootvx
CONFIG_CMD_SAVEENV saveenv
CONFIG_CMD_FDC * Floppy Disk Support
CONFIG_CMD_FAT * FAT partition support
CONFIG_CMD_FDOS * Dos diskette Support
CONFIG_CMD_FLASH flinfo, erase, protect
CONFIG_CMD_FPGA FPGA device initialization support
CONFIG_CMD_HWFLOW * RTS/CTS hw flow control
CONFIG_CMD_I2C * I2C serial bus support
CONFIG_CMD_IDE * IDE harddisk support
CONFIG_CMD_IMI iminfo
CONFIG_CMD_IMLS List all found images
CONFIG_CMD_IMMAP * IMMR dump support
CONFIG_CMD_IRQ * irqinfo
CONFIG_CMD_ITEST Integer/string test of 2 values
CONFIG_CMD_JFFS2 * JFFS2 Support
CONFIG_CMD_KGDB * kgdb
CONFIG_CMD_LOADB loadb
CONFIG_CMD_LOADS loads
CONFIG_CMD_MEMORY md, mm, nm, mw, cp, cmp, crc, base,
loop, loopw, mtest
CONFIG_CMD_MISC Misc functions like sleep etc
CONFIG_CMD_MMC * MMC memory mapped support
CONFIG_CMD_MII * MII utility commands
CONFIG_CMD_MTDPARTS * MTD partition support
CONFIG_CMD_NAND * NAND support
CONFIG_CMD_NET bootp, tftpboot, rarpboot
CONFIG_CMD_PCA953X * PCA953x I2C gpio commands
CONFIG_CMD_PCA953X_INFO * PCA953x I2C gpio info command
CONFIG_CMD_PCI * pciinfo
CONFIG_CMD_PCMCIA * PCMCIA support
CONFIG_CMD_PING * send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network
host
CONFIG_CMD_PORTIO * Port I/O
CONFIG_CMD_REGINFO * Register dump
CONFIG_CMD_RUN run command in env variable
CONFIG_CMD_SAVES * save S record dump
CONFIG_CMD_SCSI * SCSI Support
CONFIG_CMD_SDRAM * print SDRAM configuration information
(requires CONFIG_CMD_I2C)
CONFIG_CMD_SETGETDCR Support for DCR Register access
(4xx only)
CONFIG_CMD_SOURCE "source" command Support
CONFIG_CMD_SPI * SPI serial bus support
CONFIG_CMD_USB * USB support
CONFIG_CMD_VFD * VFD support (TRAB)
CONFIG_CMD_CDP * Cisco Discover Protocol support
CONFIG_CMD_FSL * Microblaze FSL support
EXAMPLE: If you want all functions except of network
support you can write:
#include "config_cmd_all.h"
#undef CONFIG_CMD_NET
Other Commands:
fdt (flattened device tree) command: CONFIG_OF_LIBFDT
Note: Don't enable the "icache" and "dcache" commands
(configuration option CONFIG_CMD_CACHE) unless you know
what you (and your U-Boot users) are doing. Data
cache cannot be enabled on systems like the 8xx or
8260 (where accesses to the IMMR region must be
uncached), and it cannot be disabled on all other
systems where we (mis-) use the data cache to hold an
initial stack and some data.
XXX - this list needs to get updated!
- Watchdog:
CONFIG_WATCHDOG
If this variable is defined, it enables watchdog
support. There must be support in the platform specific
code for a watchdog. For the 8xx and 8260 CPUs, the
SIU Watchdog feature is enabled in the SYPCR
register.
- U-Boot Version:
CONFIG_VERSION_VARIABLE
If this variable is defined, an environment variable
named "ver" is created by U-Boot showing the U-Boot
version as printed by the "version" command.
This variable is readonly.
- Real-Time Clock:
When CONFIG_CMD_DATE is selected, the type of the RTC
has to be selected, too. Define exactly one of the
following options:
CONFIG_RTC_MPC8xx - use internal RTC of MPC8xx
CONFIG_RTC_PCF8563 - use Philips PCF8563 RTC
CONFIG_RTC_MC13783 - use MC13783 RTC
CONFIG_RTC_MC146818 - use MC146818 RTC
CONFIG_RTC_DS1307 - use Maxim, Inc. DS1307 RTC
CONFIG_RTC_DS1337 - use Maxim, Inc. DS1337 RTC
CONFIG_RTC_DS1338 - use Maxim, Inc. DS1338 RTC
CONFIG_RTC_DS164x - use Dallas DS164x RTC
CONFIG_RTC_ISL1208 - use Intersil ISL1208 RTC
CONFIG_RTC_MAX6900 - use Maxim, Inc. MAX6900 RTC
CONFIG_SYS_RTC_DS1337_NOOSC - Turn off the OSC output for DS1337
Note that if the RTC uses I2C, then the I2C interface
must also be configured. See I2C Support, below.
- GPIO Support:
CONFIG_PCA953X - use NXP's PCA953X series I2C GPIO
CONFIG_PCA953X_INFO - enable pca953x info command
Note that if the GPIO device uses I2C, then the I2C interface
must also be configured. See I2C Support, below.
- Timestamp Support:
When CONFIG_TIMESTAMP is selected, the timestamp
(date and time) of an image is printed by image
commands like bootm or iminfo. This option is
automatically enabled when you select CONFIG_CMD_DATE .
- Partition Support:
CONFIG_MAC_PARTITION and/or CONFIG_DOS_PARTITION
and/or CONFIG_ISO_PARTITION and/or CONFIG_EFI_PARTITION
If IDE or SCSI support is enabled (CONFIG_CMD_IDE or
CONFIG_CMD_SCSI) you must configure support for at
least one partition type as well.
- IDE Reset method:
CONFIG_IDE_RESET_ROUTINE - this is defined in several
board configurations files but used nowhere!
CONFIG_IDE_RESET - is this is defined, IDE Reset will
be performed by calling the function
ide_set_reset(int reset)
which has to be defined in a board specific file
- ATAPI Support:
CONFIG_ATAPI
Set this to enable ATAPI support.
- LBA48 Support
CONFIG_LBA48
Set this to enable support for disks larger than 137GB
Also look at CONFIG_SYS_64BIT_LBA ,CONFIG_SYS_64BIT_VSPRINTF and CONFIG_SYS_64BIT_STRTOUL
Whithout these , LBA48 support uses 32bit variables and will 'only'
support disks up to 2.1TB.
CONFIG_SYS_64BIT_LBA:
When enabled, makes the IDE subsystem use 64bit sector addresses.
Default is 32bit.
- SCSI Support:
At the moment only there is only support for the
SYM53C8XX SCSI controller; define
CONFIG_SCSI_SYM53C8XX to enable it.
CONFIG_SYS_SCSI_MAX_LUN [8], CONFIG_SYS_SCSI_MAX_SCSI_ID [7] and
CONFIG_SYS_SCSI_MAX_DEVICE [CONFIG_SYS_SCSI_MAX_SCSI_ID *
CONFIG_SYS_SCSI_MAX_LUN] can be adjusted to define the
maximum numbers of LUNs, SCSI ID's and target
devices.
CONFIG_SYS_SCSI_SYM53C8XX_CCF to fix clock timing (80Mhz)
- NETWORK Support (PCI):
CONFIG_E1000
Support for Intel 8254x gigabit chips.
CONFIG_E1000_FALLBACK_MAC
default MAC for empty EEPROM after production.
CONFIG_EEPRO100
Support for Intel 82557/82559/82559ER chips.
Optional CONFIG_EEPRO100_SROM_WRITE enables EEPROM
write routine for first time initialisation.
CONFIG_TULIP
Support for Digital 2114x chips.
Optional CONFIG_TULIP_SELECT_MEDIA for board specific
modem chip initialisation (KS8761/QS6611).
CONFIG_NATSEMI
Support for National dp83815 chips.
CONFIG_NS8382X
Support for National dp8382[01] gigabit chips.
- NETWORK Support (other):
CONFIG_DRIVER_LAN91C96
Support for SMSC's LAN91C96 chips.
CONFIG_LAN91C96_BASE
Define this to hold the physical address
of the LAN91C96's I/O space
CONFIG_LAN91C96_USE_32_BIT
Define this to enable 32 bit addressing
CONFIG_DRIVER_SMC91111
Support for SMSC's LAN91C111 chip
CONFIG_SMC91111_BASE
Define this to hold the physical address
of the device (I/O space)
CONFIG_SMC_USE_32_BIT
Define this if data bus is 32 bits
CONFIG_SMC_USE_IOFUNCS
Define this to use i/o functions instead of macros
(some hardware wont work with macros)
CONFIG_DRIVER_SMC911X
Support for SMSC's LAN911x and LAN921x chips
CONFIG_DRIVER_SMC911X_BASE
Define this to hold the physical address
of the device (I/O space)
CONFIG_DRIVER_SMC911X_32_BIT
Define this if data bus is 32 bits
CONFIG_DRIVER_SMC911X_16_BIT
Define this if data bus is 16 bits. If your processor
automatically converts one 32 bit word to two 16 bit
words you may also try CONFIG_DRIVER_SMC911X_32_BIT.
- USB Support:
At the moment only the UHCI host controller is
supported (PIP405, MIP405, MPC5200); define
CONFIG_USB_UHCI to enable it.
define CONFIG_USB_KEYBOARD to enable the USB Keyboard
and define CONFIG_USB_STORAGE to enable the USB
storage devices.
Note:
Supported are USB Keyboards and USB Floppy drives
(TEAC FD-05PUB).
MPC5200 USB requires additional defines:
CONFIG_USB_CLOCK
for 528 MHz Clock: 0x0001bbbb
CONFIG_USB_CONFIG
for differential drivers: 0x00001000
for single ended drivers: 0x00005000
CONFIG_SYS_USB_EVENT_POLL
May be defined to allow interrupt polling
instead of using asynchronous interrupts
- USB Device:
Define the below if you wish to use the USB console.
Once firmware is rebuilt from a serial console issue the
command "setenv stdin usbtty; setenv stdout usbtty" and
attach your USB cable. The Unix command "dmesg" should print
it has found a new device. The environment variable usbtty
can be set to gserial or cdc_acm to enable your device to
appear to a USB host as a Linux gserial device or a
Common Device Class Abstract Control Model serial device.
If you select usbtty = gserial you should be able to enumerate
a Linux host by
# modprobe usbserial vendor=0xVendorID product=0xProductID
else if using cdc_acm, simply setting the environment
variable usbtty to be cdc_acm should suffice. The following
might be defined in YourBoardName.h
CONFIG_USB_DEVICE
Define this to build a UDC device
CONFIG_USB_TTY
Define this to have a tty type of device available to
talk to the UDC device
CONFIG_SYS_CONSOLE_IS_IN_ENV
Define this if you want stdin, stdout &/or stderr to
be set to usbtty.
mpc8xx:
CONFIG_SYS_USB_EXTC_CLK 0xBLAH
Derive USB clock from external clock "blah"
- CONFIG_SYS_USB_EXTC_CLK 0x02
CONFIG_SYS_USB_BRG_CLK 0xBLAH
Derive USB clock from brgclk
- CONFIG_SYS_USB_BRG_CLK 0x04
If you have a USB-IF assigned VendorID then you may wish to
define your own vendor specific values either in BoardName.h
or directly in usbd_vendor_info.h. If you don't define
CONFIG_USBD_MANUFACTURER, CONFIG_USBD_PRODUCT_NAME,
CONFIG_USBD_VENDORID and CONFIG_USBD_PRODUCTID, then U-Boot
should pretend to be a Linux device to it's target host.
CONFIG_USBD_MANUFACTURER
Define this string as the name of your company for
- CONFIG_USBD_MANUFACTURER "my company"
CONFIG_USBD_PRODUCT_NAME
Define this string as the name of your product
- CONFIG_USBD_PRODUCT_NAME "acme usb device"
CONFIG_USBD_VENDORID
Define this as your assigned Vendor ID from the USB
Implementors Forum. This *must* be a genuine Vendor ID
to avoid polluting the USB namespace.
- CONFIG_USBD_VENDORID 0xFFFF
CONFIG_USBD_PRODUCTID
Define this as the unique Product ID
for your device
- CONFIG_USBD_PRODUCTID 0xFFFF
- MMC Support:
The MMC controller on the Intel PXA is supported. To
enable this define CONFIG_MMC. The MMC can be
accessed from the boot prompt by mapping the device
to physical memory similar to flash. Command line is
enabled with CONFIG_CMD_MMC. The MMC driver also works with
the FAT fs. This is enabled with CONFIG_CMD_FAT.
- Journaling Flash filesystem support:
CONFIG_JFFS2_NAND, CONFIG_JFFS2_NAND_OFF, CONFIG_JFFS2_NAND_SIZE,
CONFIG_JFFS2_NAND_DEV
Define these for a default partition on a NAND device
CONFIG_SYS_JFFS2_FIRST_SECTOR,
CONFIG_SYS_JFFS2_FIRST_BANK, CONFIG_SYS_JFFS2_NUM_BANKS
Define these for a default partition on a NOR device
CONFIG_SYS_JFFS_CUSTOM_PART
Define this to create an own partition. You have to provide a
function struct part_info* jffs2_part_info(int part_num)
If you define only one JFFS2 partition you may also want to
#define CONFIG_SYS_JFFS_SINGLE_PART 1
to disable the command chpart. This is the default when you
have not defined a custom partition
- Keyboard Support:
CONFIG_ISA_KEYBOARD
Define this to enable standard (PC-Style) keyboard
support
CONFIG_I8042_KBD
Standard PC keyboard driver with US (is default) and
GERMAN key layout (switch via environment 'keymap=de') support.
Export function i8042_kbd_init, i8042_tstc and i8042_getc
for cfb_console. Supports cursor blinking.
- Video support:
CONFIG_VIDEO
Define this to enable video support (for output to
video).
CONFIG_VIDEO_CT69000
Enable Chips & Technologies 69000 Video chip
CONFIG_VIDEO_SMI_LYNXEM
Enable Silicon Motion SMI 712/710/810 Video chip. The
video output is selected via environment 'videoout'
(1 = LCD and 2 = CRT). If videoout is undefined, CRT is
assumed.
For the CT69000 and SMI_LYNXEM drivers, videomode is
selected via environment 'videomode'. Two different ways
are possible:
- "videomode=num" 'num' is a standard LiLo mode numbers.
Following standard modes are supported (* is default):
Colors 640x480 800x600 1024x768 1152x864 1280x1024
-------------+---------------------------------------------
8 bits | 0x301* 0x303 0x305 0x161 0x307
15 bits | 0x310 0x313 0x316 0x162 0x319
16 bits | 0x311 0x314 0x317 0x163 0x31A
24 bits | 0x312 0x315 0x318 ? 0x31B
-------------+---------------------------------------------
(i.e. setenv videomode 317; saveenv; reset;)
- "videomode=bootargs" all the video parameters are parsed
from the bootargs. (See drivers/video/videomodes.c)
CONFIG_VIDEO_SED13806
Enable Epson SED13806 driver. This driver supports 8bpp
and 16bpp modes defined by CONFIG_VIDEO_SED13806_8BPP
or CONFIG_VIDEO_SED13806_16BPP
- Keyboard Support:
CONFIG_KEYBOARD
Define this to enable a custom keyboard support.
This simply calls drv_keyboard_init() which must be
defined in your board-specific files.
The only board using this so far is RBC823.
- LCD Support: CONFIG_LCD
Define this to enable LCD support (for output to LCD
display); also select one of the supported displays
by defining one of these:
CONFIG_ATMEL_LCD:
HITACHI TX09D70VM1CCA, 3.5", 240x320.
CONFIG_NEC_NL6448AC33:
NEC NL6448AC33-18. Active, color, single scan.
CONFIG_NEC_NL6448BC20
NEC NL6448BC20-08. 6.5", 640x480.
Active, color, single scan.
CONFIG_NEC_NL6448BC33_54
NEC NL6448BC33-54. 10.4", 640x480.
Active, color, single scan.
CONFIG_SHARP_16x9
Sharp 320x240. Active, color, single scan.
It isn't 16x9, and I am not sure what it is.
CONFIG_SHARP_LQ64D341
Sharp LQ64D341 display, 640x480.
Active, color, single scan.
CONFIG_HLD1045
HLD1045 display, 640x480.
Active, color, single scan.
CONFIG_OPTREX_BW
Optrex CBL50840-2 NF-FW 99 22 M5
or
Hitachi LMG6912RPFC-00T
or
Hitachi SP14Q002
320x240. Black & white.
Normally display is black on white background; define
CONFIG_SYS_WHITE_ON_BLACK to get it inverted.
- Splash Screen Support: CONFIG_SPLASH_SCREEN
If this option is set, the environment is checked for
a variable "splashimage". If found, the usual display
of logo, copyright and system information on the LCD
is suppressed and the BMP image at the address
specified in "splashimage" is loaded instead. The
console is redirected to the "nulldev", too. This
allows for a "silent" boot where a splash screen is
loaded very quickly after power-on.
CONFIG_SPLASH_SCREEN_ALIGN
If this option is set the splash image can be freely positioned
on the screen. Environment variable "splashpos" specifies the
position as "x,y". If a positive number is given it is used as
number of pixel from left/top. If a negative number is given it
is used as number of pixel from right/bottom. You can also
specify 'm' for centering the image.
Example:
setenv splashpos m,m
=> image at center of screen
setenv splashpos 30,20
=> image at x = 30 and y = 20
setenv splashpos -10,m
=> vertically centered image
at x = dspWidth - bmpWidth - 9
- Gzip compressed BMP image support: CONFIG_VIDEO_BMP_GZIP
If this option is set, additionally to standard BMP
images, gzipped BMP images can be displayed via the
splashscreen support or the bmp command.
- Compression support:
CONFIG_BZIP2
If this option is set, support for bzip2 compressed
images is included. If not, only uncompressed and gzip
compressed images are supported.
NOTE: the bzip2 algorithm requires a lot of RAM, so
the malloc area (as defined by CONFIG_SYS_MALLOC_LEN) should
be at least 4MB.
CONFIG_LZMA
If this option is set, support for lzma compressed
images is included.
Note: The LZMA algorithm adds between 2 and 4KB of code and it
requires an amount of dynamic memory that is given by the
formula:
(1846 + 768 << (lc + lp)) * sizeof(uint16)
Where lc and lp stand for, respectively, Literal context bits
and Literal pos bits.
This value is upper-bounded by 14MB in the worst case. Anyway,
for a ~4MB large kernel image, we have lc=3 and lp=0 for a
total amount of (1846 + 768 << (3 + 0)) * 2 = ~41KB... that is
a very small buffer.
Use the lzmainfo tool to determinate the lc and lp values and
then calculate the amount of needed dynamic memory (ensuring
the appropriate CONFIG_SYS_MALLOC_LEN value).
- MII/PHY support:
CONFIG_PHY_ADDR
The address of PHY on MII bus.
CONFIG_PHY_CLOCK_FREQ (ppc4xx)
The clock frequency of the MII bus
CONFIG_PHY_GIGE
If this option is set, support for speed/duplex
detection of gigabit PHY is included.
CONFIG_PHY_RESET_DELAY
Some PHY like Intel LXT971A need extra delay after
reset before any MII register access is possible.
For such PHY, set this option to the usec delay
required. (minimum 300usec for LXT971A)
CONFIG_PHY_CMD_DELAY (ppc4xx)
Some PHY like Intel LXT971A need extra delay after
command issued before MII status register can be read
- Ethernet address:
CONFIG_ETHADDR
CONFIG_ETH1ADDR
CONFIG_ETH2ADDR
CONFIG_ETH3ADDR
CONFIG_ETH4ADDR
CONFIG_ETH5ADDR
Define a default value for Ethernet address to use
for the respective Ethernet interface, in case this
is not determined automatically.
- IP address:
CONFIG_IPADDR
Define a default value for the IP address to use for
the default Ethernet interface, in case this is not
determined through e.g. bootp.
- Server IP address:
CONFIG_SERVERIP
Defines a default value for the IP address of a TFTP
server to contact when using the "tftboot" command.
CONFIG_KEEP_SERVERADDR
Keeps the server's MAC address, in the env 'serveraddr'
for passing to bootargs (like Linux's netconsole option)
- Multicast TFTP Mode:
CONFIG_MCAST_TFTP
Defines whether you want to support multicast TFTP as per
rfc-2090; for example to work with atftp. Lets lots of targets
tftp down the same boot image concurrently. Note: the Ethernet
driver in use must provide a function: mcast() to join/leave a
multicast group.
CONFIG_BOOTP_RANDOM_DELAY
- BOOTP Recovery Mode:
CONFIG_BOOTP_RANDOM_DELAY
If you have many targets in a network that try to
boot using BOOTP, you may want to avoid that all
systems send out BOOTP requests at precisely the same
moment (which would happen for instance at recovery
from a power failure, when all systems will try to
boot, thus flooding the BOOTP server. Defining
CONFIG_BOOTP_RANDOM_DELAY causes a random delay to be
inserted before sending out BOOTP requests. The
following delays are inserted then:
1st BOOTP request: delay 0 ... 1 sec
2nd BOOTP request: delay 0 ... 2 sec
3rd BOOTP request: delay 0 ... 4 sec
4th and following
BOOTP requests: delay 0 ... 8 sec
- DHCP Advanced Options:
You can fine tune the DHCP functionality by defining
CONFIG_BOOTP_* symbols:
CONFIG_BOOTP_SUBNETMASK
CONFIG_BOOTP_GATEWAY
CONFIG_BOOTP_HOSTNAME
CONFIG_BOOTP_NISDOMAIN
CONFIG_BOOTP_BOOTPATH
CONFIG_BOOTP_BOOTFILESIZE
CONFIG_BOOTP_DNS
CONFIG_BOOTP_DNS2
CONFIG_BOOTP_SEND_HOSTNAME
CONFIG_BOOTP_NTPSERVER
CONFIG_BOOTP_TIMEOFFSET
CONFIG_BOOTP_VENDOREX
CONFIG_BOOTP_SERVERIP - TFTP server will be the serverip
environment variable, not the BOOTP server.
CONFIG_BOOTP_DNS2 - If a DHCP client requests the DNS
serverip from a DHCP server, it is possible that more
than one DNS serverip is offered to the client.
If CONFIG_BOOTP_DNS2 is enabled, the secondary DNS
serverip will be stored in the additional environment
variable "dnsip2". The first DNS serverip is always
stored in the variable "dnsip", when CONFIG_BOOTP_DNS
is defined.
CONFIG_BOOTP_SEND_HOSTNAME - Some DHCP servers are capable
to do a dynamic update of a DNS server. To do this, they
need the hostname of the DHCP requester.
If CONFIG_BOOTP_SEND_HOSTNAME is defined, the content
of the "hostname" environment variable is passed as
option 12 to the DHCP server.
CONFIG_BOOTP_DHCP_REQUEST_DELAY
A 32bit value in microseconds for a delay between
receiving a "DHCP Offer" and sending the "DHCP Request".
This fixes a problem with certain DHCP servers that don't
respond 100% of the time to a "DHCP request". E.g. On an
AT91RM9200 processor running at 180MHz, this delay needed
to be *at least* 15,000 usec before a Windows Server 2003
DHCP server would reply 100% of the time. I recommend at
least 50,000 usec to be safe. The alternative is to hope
that one of the retries will be successful but note that
the DHCP timeout and retry process takes a longer than
this delay.
- CDP Options:
CONFIG_CDP_DEVICE_ID
The device id used in CDP trigger frames.
CONFIG_CDP_DEVICE_ID_PREFIX
A two character string which is prefixed to the MAC address
of the device.
CONFIG_CDP_PORT_ID
A printf format string which contains the ascii name of
the port. Normally is set to "eth%d" which sets
eth0 for the first Ethernet, eth1 for the second etc.
CONFIG_CDP_CAPABILITIES
A 32bit integer which indicates the device capabilities;
0x00000010 for a normal host which does not forwards.
CONFIG_CDP_VERSION
An ascii string containing the version of the software.
CONFIG_CDP_PLATFORM
An ascii string containing the name of the platform.
CONFIG_CDP_TRIGGER
A 32bit integer sent on the trigger.
CONFIG_CDP_POWER_CONSUMPTION
A 16bit integer containing the power consumption of the
device in .1 of milliwatts.
CONFIG_CDP_APPLIANCE_VLAN_TYPE
A byte containing the id of the VLAN.
- Status LED: CONFIG_STATUS_LED
Several configurations allow to display the current
status using a LED. For instance, the LED will blink
fast while running U-Boot code, stop blinking as
soon as a reply to a BOOTP request was received, and
start blinking slow once the Linux kernel is running
(supported by a status LED driver in the Linux
kernel). Defining CONFIG_STATUS_LED enables this
feature in U-Boot.
- CAN Support: CONFIG_CAN_DRIVER
Defining CONFIG_CAN_DRIVER enables CAN driver support
on those systems that support this (optional)
feature, like the TQM8xxL modules.
- I2C Support: CONFIG_HARD_I2C | CONFIG_SOFT_I2C
These enable I2C serial bus commands. Defining either of
(but not both of) CONFIG_HARD_I2C or CONFIG_SOFT_I2C will
include the appropriate I2C driver for the selected CPU.
This will allow you to use i2c commands at the u-boot
command line (as long as you set CONFIG_CMD_I2C in
CONFIG_COMMANDS) and communicate with i2c based realtime
clock chips. See common/cmd_i2c.c for a description of the
command line interface.
CONFIG_HARD_I2C selects a hardware I2C controller.
CONFIG_SOFT_I2C configures u-boot to use a software (aka
bit-banging) driver instead of CPM or similar hardware
support for I2C.
There are several other quantities that must also be
defined when you define CONFIG_HARD_I2C or CONFIG_SOFT_I2C.
In both cases you will need to define CONFIG_SYS_I2C_SPEED
to be the frequency (in Hz) at which you wish your i2c bus
to run and CONFIG_SYS_I2C_SLAVE to be the address of this node (ie
the CPU's i2c node address).
Now, the u-boot i2c code for the mpc8xx (cpu/mpc8xx/i2c.c)
sets the CPU up as a master node and so its address should
therefore be cleared to 0 (See, eg, MPC823e User's Manual
p.16-473). So, set CONFIG_SYS_I2C_SLAVE to 0.
That's all that's required for CONFIG_HARD_I2C.
If you use the software i2c interface (CONFIG_SOFT_I2C)
then the following macros need to be defined (examples are
from include/configs/lwmon.h):
I2C_INIT
(Optional). Any commands necessary to enable the I2C
controller or configure ports.
eg: #define I2C_INIT (immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdir |= PB_SCL)
I2C_PORT
(Only for MPC8260 CPU). The I/O port to use (the code
assumes both bits are on the same port). Valid values
are 0..3 for ports A..D.
I2C_ACTIVE
The code necessary to make the I2C data line active
(driven). If the data line is open collector, this
define can be null.
eg: #define I2C_ACTIVE (immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdir |= PB_SDA)
I2C_TRISTATE
The code necessary to make the I2C data line tri-stated
(inactive). If the data line is open collector, this
define can be null.
eg: #define I2C_TRISTATE (immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdir &= ~PB_SDA)
I2C_READ
Code that returns TRUE if the I2C data line is high,
FALSE if it is low.
eg: #define I2C_READ ((immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdat & PB_SDA) != 0)
I2C_SDA(bit)
If <bit> is TRUE, sets the I2C data line high. If it
is FALSE, it clears it (low).
eg: #define I2C_SDA(bit) \
if(bit) immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdat |= PB_SDA; \
else immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdat &= ~PB_SDA
I2C_SCL(bit)
If <bit> is TRUE, sets the I2C clock line high. If it
is FALSE, it clears it (low).
eg: #define I2C_SCL(bit) \
if(bit) immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdat |= PB_SCL; \
else immr->im_cpm.cp_pbdat &= ~PB_SCL
I2C_DELAY
This delay is invoked four times per clock cycle so this
controls the rate of data transfer. The data rate thus
is 1 / (I2C_DELAY * 4). Often defined to be something
like:
#define I2C_DELAY udelay(2)
CONFIG_SYS_I2C_INIT_BOARD
When a board is reset during an i2c bus transfer
chips might think that the current transfer is still
in progress. On some boards it is possible to access
the i2c SCLK line directly, either by using the
processor pin as a GPIO or by having a second pin
connected to the bus. If this option is defined a
custom i2c_init_board() routine in boards/xxx/board.c
is run early in the boot sequence.
CONFIG_I2CFAST (PPC405GP|PPC405EP only)
This option enables configuration of bi_iic_fast[] flags
in u-boot bd_info structure based on u-boot environment
variable "i2cfast". (see also i2cfast)
CONFIG_I2C_MULTI_BUS
This option allows the use of multiple I2C buses, each of which
must have a controller. At any point in time, only one bus is
active. To switch to a different bus, use the 'i2c dev' command.
Note that bus numbering is zero-based.
CONFIG_SYS_I2C_NOPROBES
This option specifies a list of I2C devices that will be skipped
when the 'i2c probe' command is issued. If CONFIG_I2C_MULTI_BUS
is set, specify a list of bus-device pairs. Otherwise, specify
a 1D array of device addresses
e.g.
#undef CONFIG_I2C_MULTI_BUS
#define CONFIG_SYS_I2C_NOPROBES {0x50,0x68}
will skip addresses 0x50 and 0x68 on a board with one I2C bus
#define CONFIG_I2C_MULTI_BUS
#define CONFIG_SYS_I2C_MULTI_NOPROBES {{0,0x50},{0,0x68},{1,0x54}}
will skip addresses 0x50 and 0x68 on bus 0 and address 0x54 on bus 1
CONFIG_SYS_SPD_BUS_NUM
If defined, then this indicates the I2C bus number for DDR SPD.
If not defined, then U-Boot assumes that SPD is on I2C bus 0.
CONFIG_SYS_RTC_BUS_NUM
If defined, then this indicates the I2C bus number for the RTC.
If not defined, then U-Boot assumes that RTC is on I2C bus 0.
CONFIG_SYS_DTT_BUS_NUM
If defined, then this indicates the I2C bus number for the DTT.
If not defined, then U-Boot assumes that DTT is on I2C bus 0.
CONFIG_SYS_I2C_DTT_ADDR:
If defined, specifies the I2C address of the DTT device.
If not defined, then U-Boot uses predefined value for
specified DTT device.
CONFIG_FSL_I2C
Define this option if you want to use Freescale's I2C driver in
drivers/i2c/fsl_i2c.c.
CONFIG_I2C_MUX
Define this option if you have I2C devices reached over 1 .. n
I2C Muxes like the pca9544a. This option addes a new I2C
Command "i2c bus [muxtype:muxaddr:muxchannel]" which adds a
new I2C Bus to the existing I2C Busses. If you select the
new Bus with "i2c dev", u-bbot sends first the commandos for
the muxes to activate this new "bus".
CONFIG_I2C_MULTI_BUS must be also defined, to use this
feature!
Example:
Adding a new I2C Bus reached over 2 pca9544a muxes
The First mux with address 70 and channel 6
The Second mux with address 71 and channel 4
=> i2c bus pca9544a:70:6:pca9544a:71:4
Use the "i2c bus" command without parameter, to get a list
of I2C Busses with muxes:
=> i2c bus
Busses reached over muxes:
Bus ID: 2
reached over Mux(es):
pca9544a@70 ch: 4
Bus ID: 3
reached over Mux(es):
pca9544a@70 ch: 6
pca9544a@71 ch: 4
=>
If you now switch to the new I2C Bus 3 with "i2c dev 3"
u-boot sends First the Commando to the mux@70 to enable
channel 6, and then the Commando to the mux@71 to enable
the channel 4.
After that, you can use the "normal" i2c commands as
usual, to communicate with your I2C devices behind
the 2 muxes.
This option is actually implemented for the bitbanging
algorithm in common/soft_i2c.c and for the Hardware I2C
Bus on the MPC8260. But it should be not so difficult
to add this option to other architectures.
CONFIG_SOFT_I2C_READ_REPEATED_START
defining this will force the i2c_read() function in
the soft_i2c driver to perform an I2C repeated start
between writing the address pointer and reading the
data. If this define is omitted the default behaviour
of doing a stop-start sequence will be used. Most I2C
devices can use either method, but some require one or
the other.
- SPI Support: CONFIG_SPI
Enables SPI driver (so far only tested with
SPI EEPROM, also an instance works with Crystal A/D and
D/As on the SACSng board)
CONFIG_SPI_X
Enables extended (16-bit) SPI EEPROM addressing.
(symmetrical to CONFIG_I2C_X)
CONFIG_SOFT_SPI
Enables a software (bit-bang) SPI driver rather than
using hardware support. This is a general purpose
driver that only requires three general I/O port pins
(two outputs, one input) to function. If this is
defined, the board configuration must define several
SPI configuration items (port pins to use, etc). For
an example, see include/configs/sacsng.h.
CONFIG_HARD_SPI
Enables a hardware SPI driver for general-purpose reads
and writes. As with CONFIG_SOFT_SPI, the board configuration
must define a list of chip-select function pointers.
Currently supported on some MPC8xxx processors. For an
example, see include/configs/mpc8349emds.h.
CONFIG_MXC_SPI
Enables the driver for the SPI controllers on i.MX and MXC
SoCs. Currently only i.MX31 is supported.
- FPGA Support: CONFIG_FPGA
Enables FPGA subsystem.
CONFIG_FPGA_<vendor>
Enables support for specific chip vendors.
(ALTERA, XILINX)
CONFIG_FPGA_<family>
Enables support for FPGA family.
(SPARTAN2, SPARTAN3, VIRTEX2, CYCLONE2, ACEX1K, ACEX)
CONFIG_FPGA_COUNT
Specify the number of FPGA devices to support.
CONFIG_SYS_FPGA_PROG_FEEDBACK
Enable printing of hash marks during FPGA configuration.
CONFIG_SYS_FPGA_CHECK_BUSY
Enable checks on FPGA configuration interface busy
status by the configuration function. This option
will require a board or device specific function to
be written.
CONFIG_FPGA_DELAY
If defined, a function that provides delays in the FPGA
configuration driver.
CONFIG_SYS_FPGA_CHECK_CTRLC
Allow Control-C to interrupt FPGA configuration
CONFIG_SYS_FPGA_CHECK_ERROR
Check for configuration errors during FPGA bitfile
loading. For example, abort during Virtex II
configuration if the INIT_B line goes low (which
indicated a CRC error).
CONFIG_SYS_FPGA_WAIT_INIT
Maximum time to wait for the INIT_B line to deassert
after PROB_B has been deasserted during a Virtex II
FPGA configuration sequence. The default time is 500
ms.
CONFIG_SYS_FPGA_WAIT_BUSY
Maximum time to wait for BUSY to deassert during
Virtex II FPGA configuration. The default is 5 ms.
CONFIG_SYS_FPGA_WAIT_CONFIG
Time to wait after FPGA configuration. The default is
200 ms.
- Configuration Management:
CONFIG_IDENT_STRING
If defined, this string will be added to the U-Boot
version information (U_BOOT_VERSION)
- Vendor Parameter Protection:
U-Boot considers the values of the environment
variables "serial#" (Board Serial Number) and
"ethaddr" (Ethernet Address) to be parameters that
are set once by the board vendor / manufacturer, and
protects these variables from casual modification by
the user. Once set, these variables are read-only,
and write or delete attempts are rejected. You can
change this behaviour:
If CONFIG_ENV_OVERWRITE is #defined in your config
file, the write protection for vendor parameters is
completely disabled. Anybody can change or delete
these parameters.
Alternatively, if you #define _both_ CONFIG_ETHADDR
_and_ CONFIG_OVERWRITE_ETHADDR_ONCE, a default
Ethernet address is installed in the environment,
which can be changed exactly ONCE by the user. [The
serial# is unaffected by this, i. e. it remains
read-only.]
- Protected RAM:
CONFIG_PRAM
Define this variable to enable the reservation of
"protected RAM", i. e. RAM which is not overwritten
by U-Boot. Define CONFIG_PRAM to hold the number of
kB you want to reserve for pRAM. You can overwrite
this default value by defining an environment
variable "pram" to the number of kB you want to
reserve. Note that the board info structure will
still show the full amount of RAM. If pRAM is
reserved, a new environment variable "mem" will
automatically be defined to hold the amount of
remaining RAM in a form that can be passed as boot
argument to Linux, for instance like that:
setenv bootargs ... mem=\${mem}
saveenv
This way you can tell Linux not to use this memory,
either, which results in a memory region that will
not be affected by reboots.
*WARNING* If your board configuration uses automatic
detection of the RAM size, you must make sure that
this memory test is non-destructive. So far, the
following board configurations are known to be
"pRAM-clean":
ETX094, IVMS8, IVML24, SPD8xx, TQM8xxL,
HERMES, IP860, RPXlite, LWMON, LANTEC,
PCU_E, FLAGADM, TQM8260
- Error Recovery:
CONFIG_PANIC_HANG
Define this variable to stop the system in case of a
fatal error, so that you have to reset it manually.
This is probably NOT a good idea for an embedded
system where you want the system to reboot
automatically as fast as possible, but it may be
useful during development since you can try to debug
the conditions that lead to the situation.
CONFIG_NET_RETRY_COUNT
This variable defines the number of retries for
network operations like ARP, RARP, TFTP, or BOOTP
before giving up the operation. If not defined, a
default value of 5 is used.
CONFIG_ARP_TIMEOUT
Timeout waiting for an ARP reply in milliseconds.
- Command Interpreter:
CONFIG_AUTO_COMPLETE
Enable auto completion of commands using TAB.
Note that this feature has NOT been implemented yet
for the "hush" shell.
CONFIG_SYS_HUSH_PARSER
Define this variable to enable the "hush" shell (from
Busybox) as command line interpreter, thus enabling
powerful command line syntax like
if...then...else...fi conditionals or `&&' and '||'
constructs ("shell scripts").
If undefined, you get the old, much simpler behaviour
with a somewhat smaller memory footprint.
CONFIG_SYS_PROMPT_HUSH_PS2
This defines the secondary prompt string, which is
printed when the command interpreter needs more input
to complete a command. Usually "> ".
Note:
In the current implementation, the local variables
space and global environment variables space are
separated. Local variables are those you define by
simply typing `name=value'. To access a local
variable later on, you have write `$name' or
`${name}'; to execute the contents of a variable
directly type `$name' at the command prompt.
Global environment variables are those you use
setenv/printenv to work with. To run a command stored
in such a variable, you need to use the run command,
and you must not use the '$' sign to access them.
To store commands and special characters in a
variable, please use double quotation marks
surrounding the whole text of the variable, instead
of the backslashes before semicolons and special
symbols.
- Commandline Editing and History:
CONFIG_CMDLINE_EDITING
Enable editing and History functions for interactive
commandline input operations
- Default Environment:
CONFIG_EXTRA_ENV_SETTINGS
Define this to contain any number of null terminated
strings (variable = value pairs) that will be part of
the default environment compiled into the boot image.
For example, place something like this in your
board's config file:
#define CONFIG_EXTRA_ENV_SETTINGS \
"myvar1=value1\0" \
"myvar2=value2\0"
Warning: This method is based on knowledge about the
internal format how the environment is stored by the
U-Boot code. This is NOT an official, exported
interface! Although it is unlikely that this format
will change soon, there is no guarantee either.
You better know what you are doing here.
Note: overly (ab)use of the default environment is
discouraged. Make sure to check other ways to preset
the environment like the "source" command or the
boot command first.
- DataFlash Support:
CONFIG_HAS_DATAFLASH
Defining this option enables DataFlash features and
allows to read/write in Dataflash via the standard
commands cp, md...
- SystemACE Support:
CONFIG_SYSTEMACE
Adding this option adds support for Xilinx SystemACE
chips attached via some sort of local bus. The address
of the chip must also be defined in the
CONFIG_SYS_SYSTEMACE_BASE macro. For example:
#define CONFIG_SYSTEMACE
#define CONFIG_SYS_SYSTEMACE_BASE 0xf0000000
When SystemACE support is added, the "ace" device type
becomes available to the fat commands, i.e. fatls.
- TFTP Fixed UDP Port:
CONFIG_TFTP_PORT
If this is defined, the environment variable tftpsrcp
is used to supply the TFTP UDP source port value.
If tftpsrcp isn't defined, the normal pseudo-random port
number generator is used.
Also, the environment variable tftpdstp is used to supply
the TFTP UDP destination port value. If tftpdstp isn't
defined, the normal port 69 is used.
The purpose for tftpsrcp is to allow a TFTP server to
blindly start the TFTP transfer using the pre-configured
target IP address and UDP port. This has the effect of
"punching through" the (Windows XP) firewall, allowing
the remainder of the TFTP transfer to proceed normally.
A better solution is to properly configure the firewall,
but sometimes that is not allowed.
- Show boot progress:
CONFIG_SHOW_BOOT_PROGRESS
Defining this option allows to add some board-
specific code (calling a user-provided function
"show_boot_progress(int)") that enables you to show
the system's boot progress on some display (for
example, some LED's) on your board. At the moment,
the following checkpoints are implemented:
- Automatic software updates via TFTP server
CONFIG_UPDATE_TFTP
CONFIG_UPDATE_TFTP_CNT_MAX
CONFIG_UPDATE_TFTP_MSEC_MAX
These options enable and control the auto-update feature;
for a more detailed description refer to doc/README.update.
- MTD Support (mtdparts command, UBI support)
CONFIG_MTD_DEVICE
Adds the MTD device infrastructure from the Linux kernel.
Needed for mtdparts command support.
CONFIG_MTD_PARTITIONS
Adds the MTD partitioning infrastructure from the Linux
kernel. Needed for UBI support.
Legacy uImage format:
Arg Where When
1 common/cmd_bootm.c before attempting to boot an image
-1 common/cmd_bootm.c Image header has bad magic number
2 common/cmd_bootm.c Image header has correct magic number
-2 common/cmd_bootm.c Image header has bad checksum
3 common/cmd_bootm.c Image header has correct checksum
-3 common/cmd_bootm.c Image data has bad checksum
4 common/cmd_bootm.c Image data has correct checksum
-4 common/cmd_bootm.c Image is for unsupported architecture
5 common/cmd_bootm.c Architecture check OK
-5 common/cmd_bootm.c Wrong Image Type (not kernel, multi)
6 common/cmd_bootm.c Image Type check OK
-6 common/cmd_bootm.c gunzip uncompression error
-7 common/cmd_bootm.c Unimplemented compression type
7 common/cmd_bootm.c Uncompression OK
8 common/cmd_bootm.c No uncompress/copy overwrite error
-9 common/cmd_bootm.c Unsupported OS (not Linux, BSD, VxWorks, QNX)
9 common/image.c Start initial ramdisk verification
-10 common/image.c Ramdisk header has bad magic number
-11 common/image.c Ramdisk header has bad checksum
10 common/image.c Ramdisk header is OK
-12 common/image.c Ramdisk data has bad checksum
11 common/image.c Ramdisk data has correct checksum
12 common/image.c Ramdisk verification complete, start loading
-13 common/image.c Wrong Image Type (not PPC Linux ramdisk)
13 common/image.c Start multifile image verification
14 common/image.c No initial ramdisk, no multifile, continue.
15 lib_<arch>/bootm.c All preparation done, transferring control to OS
-30 lib_ppc/board.c Fatal error, hang the system
-31 post/post.c POST test failed, detected by post_output_backlog()
-32 post/post.c POST test failed, detected by post_run_single()
34 common/cmd_doc.c before loading a Image from a DOC device
-35 common/cmd_doc.c Bad usage of "doc" command
35 common/cmd_doc.c correct usage of "doc" command
-36 common/cmd_doc.c No boot device
36 common/cmd_doc.c correct boot device
-37 common/cmd_doc.c Unknown Chip ID on boot device
37 common/cmd_doc.c correct chip ID found, device available
-38 common/cmd_doc.c Read Error on boot device
38 common/cmd_doc.c reading Image header from DOC device OK
-39 common/cmd_doc.c Image header has bad magic number
39 common/cmd_doc.c Image header has correct magic number
-40 common/cmd_doc.c Error reading Image from DOC device
40 common/cmd_doc.c Image header has correct magic number
41 common/cmd_ide.c before loading a Image from a IDE device
-42 common/cmd_ide.c Bad usage of "ide" command
42 common/cmd_ide.c correct usage of "ide" command
-43 common/cmd_ide.c No boot device
43 common/cmd_ide.c boot device found
-44 common/cmd_ide.c Device not available
44 common/cmd_ide.c Device available
-45 common/cmd_ide.c wrong partition selected
45 common/cmd_ide.c partition selected
-46 common/cmd_ide.c Unknown partition table
46 common/cmd_ide.c valid partition table found
-47 common/cmd_ide.c Invalid partition type
47 common/cmd_ide.c correct partition type
-48 common/cmd_ide.c Error reading Image Header on boot device
48 common/cmd_ide.c reading Image Header from IDE device OK
-49 common/cmd_ide.c Image header has bad magic number
49 common/cmd_ide.c Image header has correct magic number
-50 common/cmd_ide.c Image header has bad checksum
50 common/cmd_ide.c Image header has correct checksum
-51 common/cmd_ide.c Error reading Image from IDE device
51 common/cmd_ide.c reading Image from IDE device OK
52 common/cmd_nand.c before loading a Image from a NAND device
-53 common/cmd_nand.c Bad usage of "nand" command
53 common/cmd_nand.c correct usage of "nand" command
-54 common/cmd_nand.c No boot device
54 common/cmd_nand.c boot device found
-55 common/cmd_nand.c Unknown Chip ID on boot device
55 common/cmd_nand.c correct chip ID found, device available
-56 common/cmd_nand.c Error reading Image Header on boot device
56 common/cmd_nand.c reading Image Header from NAND device OK
-57 common/cmd_nand.c Image header has bad magic number
57 common/cmd_nand.c Image header has correct magic number
-58 common/cmd_nand.c Error reading Image from NAND device
58 common/cmd_nand.c reading Image from NAND device OK
-60 common/env_common.c Environment has a bad CRC, using default
64 net/eth.c starting with Ethernet configuration.
-64 net/eth.c no Ethernet found.
65 net/eth.c Ethernet found.
-80 common/cmd_net.c usage wrong
80 common/cmd_net.c before calling NetLoop()
-81 common/cmd_net.c some error in NetLoop() occurred
81 common/cmd_net.c NetLoop() back without error
-82 common/cmd_net.c size == 0 (File with size 0 loaded)
82 common/cmd_net.c trying automatic boot
83 common/cmd_net.c running "source" command
-83 common/cmd_net.c some error in automatic boot or "source" command
84 common/cmd_net.c end without errors
FIT uImage format:
Arg Where When
100 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel FIT Image has correct format
-100 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel FIT Image has incorrect format
101 common/cmd_bootm.c No Kernel subimage unit name, using configuration
-101 common/cmd_bootm.c Can't get configuration for kernel subimage
102 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel unit name specified
-103 common/cmd_bootm.c Can't get kernel subimage node offset
103 common/cmd_bootm.c Found configuration node
104 common/cmd_bootm.c Got kernel subimage node offset
-104 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel subimage hash verification failed
105 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel subimage hash verification OK
-105 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel subimage is for unsupported architecture
106 common/cmd_bootm.c Architecture check OK
-106 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel subimage has wrong type
107 common/cmd_bootm.c Kernel subimage type OK
-107 common/cmd_bootm.c Can't get kernel subimage data/size
108 common/cmd_bootm.c Got kernel subimage data/size
-108 common/cmd_bootm.c Wrong image type (not legacy, FIT)
-109 common/cmd_bootm.c Can't get kernel subimage type
-110 common/cmd_bootm.c Can't get kernel subimage comp
-111 common/cmd_bootm.c Can't get kernel subimage os
-112 common/cmd_bootm.c Can't get kernel subimage load address
-113 common/cmd_bootm.c Image uncompress/copy overwrite error
120 common/image.c Start initial ramdisk verification
-120 common/image.c Ramdisk FIT image has incorrect format
121 common/image.c Ramdisk FIT image has correct format
122 common/image.c No ramdisk subimage unit name, using configuration
-122 common/image.c Can't get configuration for ramdisk subimage
123 common/image.c Ramdisk unit name specified
-124 common/image.c Can't get ramdisk subimage node offset
125 common/image.c Got ramdisk subimage node offset
-125 common/image.c Ramdisk subimage hash verification failed
126 common/image.c Ramdisk subimage hash verification OK
-126 common/image.c Ramdisk subimage for unsupported architecture
127 common/image.c Architecture check OK
-127 common/image.c Can't get ramdisk subimage data/size
128 common/image.c Got ramdisk subimage data/size
129 common/image.c Can't get ramdisk load address
-129 common/image.c Got ramdisk load address
-130 common/cmd_doc.c Incorrect FIT image format
131 common/cmd_doc.c FIT image format OK
-140 common/cmd_ide.c Incorrect FIT image format
141 common/cmd_ide.c FIT image format OK
-150 common/cmd_nand.c Incorrect FIT image format
151 common/cmd_nand.c FIT image format OK
Modem Support:
--------------
[so far only for SMDK2400 and TRAB boards]
- Modem support enable:
CONFIG_MODEM_SUPPORT
- RTS/CTS Flow control enable:
CONFIG_HWFLOW
- Modem debug support:
CONFIG_MODEM_SUPPORT_DEBUG
Enables debugging stuff (char screen[1024], dbg())
for modem support. Useful only with BDI2000.
- Interrupt support (PPC):
There are common interrupt_init() and timer_interrupt()
for all PPC archs. interrupt_init() calls interrupt_init_cpu()
for CPU specific initialization. interrupt_init_cpu()
should set decrementer_count to appropriate value. If
CPU resets decrementer automatically after interrupt
(ppc4xx) it should set decrementer_count to zero.
timer_interrupt() calls timer_interrupt_cpu() for CPU
specific handling. If board has watchdog / status_led
/ other_activity_monitor it works automatically from
general timer_interrupt().
- General:
In the target system modem support is enabled when a
specific key (key combination) is pressed during
power-on. Otherwise U-Boot will boot normally
(autoboot). The key_pressed() function is called from
board_init(). Currently key_pressed() is a dummy
function, returning 1 and thus enabling modem
initialization.
If there are no modem init strings in the
environment, U-Boot proceed to autoboot; the
previous output (banner, info printfs) will be
suppressed, though.
See also: doc/README.Modem
Configuration Settings:
-----------------------
- CONFIG_SYS_LONGHELP: Defined when you want long help messages included;
undefine this when you're short of memory.
- CONFIG_SYS_HELP_CMD_WIDTH: Defined when you want to override the default
width of the commands listed in the 'help' command output.
- CONFIG_SYS_PROMPT: This is what U-Boot prints on the console to
prompt for user input.
- CONFIG_SYS_CBSIZE: Buffer size for input from the Console
- CONFIG_SYS_PBSIZE: Buffer size for Console output
- CONFIG_SYS_MAXARGS: max. Number of arguments accepted for monitor commands
- CONFIG_SYS_BARGSIZE: Buffer size for Boot Arguments which are passed to
the application (usually a Linux kernel) when it is
booted
- CONFIG_SYS_BAUDRATE_TABLE:
List of legal baudrate settings for this board.
- CONFIG_SYS_CONSOLE_INFO_QUIET
Suppress display of console information at boot.
- CONFIG_SYS_CONSOLE_IS_IN_ENV
If the board specific function
extern int overwrite_console (void);
returns 1, the stdin, stderr and stdout are switched to the
serial port, else the settings in the environment are used.
- CONFIG_SYS_CONSOLE_OVERWRITE_ROUTINE
Enable the call to overwrite_console().
- CONFIG_SYS_CONSOLE_ENV_OVERWRITE
Enable overwrite of previous console environment settings.
- CONFIG_SYS_MEMTEST_START, CONFIG_SYS_MEMTEST_END:
Begin and End addresses of the area used by the
simple memory test.
- CONFIG_SYS_ALT_MEMTEST:
Enable an alternate, more extensive memory test.
- CONFIG_SYS_MEMTEST_SCRATCH:
Scratch address used by the alternate memory test
You only need to set this if address zero isn't writeable
- CONFIG_SYS_MEM_TOP_HIDE (PPC only):
If CONFIG_SYS_MEM_TOP_HIDE is defined in the board config header,
this specified memory area will get subtracted from the top
(end) of RAM and won't get "touched" at all by U-Boot. By
fixing up gd->ram_size the Linux kernel should gets passed
the now "corrected" memory size and won't touch it either.
This should work for arch/ppc and arch/powerpc. Only Linux
board ports in arch/powerpc with bootwrapper support that
recalculate the memory size from the SDRAM controller setup
will have to get fixed in Linux additionally.
This option can be used as a workaround for the 440EPx/GRx
CHIP 11 errata where the last 256 bytes in SDRAM shouldn't
be touched.
WARNING: Please make sure that this value is a multiple of
the Linux page size (normally 4k). If this is not the case,
then the end address of the Linux memory will be located at a
non page size aligned address and this could cause major
problems.
- CONFIG_SYS_TFTP_LOADADDR:
Default load address for network file downloads
- CONFIG_SYS_LOADS_BAUD_CHANGE:
Enable temporary baudrate change while serial download
- CONFIG_SYS_SDRAM_BASE:
Physical start address of SDRAM. _Must_ be 0 here.
- CONFIG_SYS_MBIO_BASE:
Physical start address of Motherboard I/O (if using a
Cogent motherboard)
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_BASE:
Physical start address of Flash memory.
- CONFIG_SYS_MONITOR_BASE:
Physical start address of boot monitor code (set by
make config files to be same as the text base address
(TEXT_BASE) used when linking) - same as
CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_BASE when booting from flash.
- CONFIG_SYS_MONITOR_LEN:
Size of memory reserved for monitor code, used to
determine _at_compile_time_ (!) if the environment is
embedded within the U-Boot image, or in a separate
flash sector.
- CONFIG_SYS_MALLOC_LEN:
Size of DRAM reserved for malloc() use.
- CONFIG_SYS_BOOTM_LEN:
Normally compressed uImages are limited to an
uncompressed size of 8 MBytes. If this is not enough,
you can define CONFIG_SYS_BOOTM_LEN in your board config file
to adjust this setting to your needs.
- CONFIG_SYS_BOOTMAPSZ:
Maximum size of memory mapped by the startup code of
the Linux kernel; all data that must be processed by
the Linux kernel (bd_info, boot arguments, FDT blob if
used) must be put below this limit, unless "bootm_low"
enviroment variable is defined and non-zero. In such case
all data for the Linux kernel must be between "bootm_low"
and "bootm_low" + CONFIG_SYS_BOOTMAPSZ.
- CONFIG_SYS_MAX_FLASH_BANKS:
Max number of Flash memory banks
- CONFIG_SYS_MAX_FLASH_SECT:
Max number of sectors on a Flash chip
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_ERASE_TOUT:
Timeout for Flash erase operations (in ms)
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_WRITE_TOUT:
Timeout for Flash write operations (in ms)
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_LOCK_TOUT
Timeout for Flash set sector lock bit operation (in ms)
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_UNLOCK_TOUT
Timeout for Flash clear lock bits operation (in ms)
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_PROTECTION
If defined, hardware flash sectors protection is used
instead of U-Boot software protection.
- CONFIG_SYS_DIRECT_FLASH_TFTP:
Enable TFTP transfers directly to flash memory;
without this option such a download has to be
performed in two steps: (1) download to RAM, and (2)
copy from RAM to flash.
The two-step approach is usually more reliable, since
you can check if the download worked before you erase
the flash, but in some situations (when system RAM is
too limited to allow for a temporary copy of the
downloaded image) this option may be very useful.
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_CFI:
Define if the flash driver uses extra elements in the
common flash structure for storing flash geometry.
- CONFIG_FLASH_CFI_DRIVER
This option also enables the building of the cfi_flash driver
in the drivers directory
- CONFIG_FLASH_CFI_MTD
This option enables the building of the cfi_mtd driver
in the drivers directory. The driver exports CFI flash
to the MTD layer.
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_USE_BUFFER_WRITE
Use buffered writes to flash.
- CONFIG_FLASH_SPANSION_S29WS_N
s29ws-n MirrorBit flash has non-standard addresses for buffered
write commands.
- CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_QUIET_TEST
If this option is defined, the common CFI flash doesn't
print it's warning upon not recognized FLASH banks. This
is useful, if some of the configured banks are only
optionally available.
- CONFIG_FLASH_SHOW_PROGRESS
If defined (must be an integer), print out countdown
digits and dots. Recommended value: 45 (9..1) for 80
column displays, 15 (3..1) for 40 column displays.
- CONFIG_SYS_RX_ETH_BUFFER:
Defines the number of Ethernet receive buffers. On some
Ethernet controllers it is recommended to set this value
to 8 or even higher (EEPRO100 or 405 EMAC), since all
buffers can be full shortly after enabling the interface
on high Ethernet traffic.
Defaults to 4 if not defined.
The following definitions that deal with the placement and management
of environment data (variable area); in general, we support the
following configurations:
- CONFIG_ENV_IS_IN_FLASH:
Define this if the environment is in flash memory.
a) The environment occupies one whole flash sector, which is
"embedded" in the text segment with the U-Boot code. This
happens usually with "bottom boot sector" or "top boot
sector" type flash chips, which have several smaller
sectors at the start or the end. For instance, such a
layout can have sector sizes of 8, 2x4, 16, Nx32 kB. In
such a case you would place the environment in one of the
4 kB sectors - with U-Boot code before and after it. With
"top boot sector" type flash chips, you would put the
environment in one of the last sectors, leaving a gap
between U-Boot and the environment.
- CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET:
Offset of environment data (variable area) to the
beginning of flash memory; for instance, with bottom boot
type flash chips the second sector can be used: the offset
for this sector is given here.
CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET is used relative to CONFIG_SYS_FLASH_BASE.
- CONFIG_ENV_ADDR:
This is just another way to specify the start address of
the flash sector containing the environment (instead of
CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET).
- CONFIG_ENV_SECT_SIZE:
Size of the sector containing the environment.
b) Sometimes flash chips have few, equal sized, BIG sectors.
In such a case you don't want to spend a whole sector for
the environment.
- CONFIG_ENV_SIZE:
If you use this in combination with CONFIG_ENV_IS_IN_FLASH
and CONFIG_ENV_SECT_SIZE, you can specify to use only a part
of this flash sector for the environment. This saves
memory for the RAM copy of the environment.
It may also save flash memory if you decide to use this
when your environment is "embedded" within U-Boot code,
since then the remainder of the flash sector could be used
for U-Boot code. It should be pointed out that this is
STRONGLY DISCOURAGED from a robustness point of view:
updating the environment in flash makes it always
necessary to erase the WHOLE sector. If something goes
wrong before the contents has been restored from a copy in
RAM, your target system will be dead.
- CONFIG_ENV_ADDR_REDUND
CONFIG_ENV_SIZE_REDUND
These settings describe a second storage area used to hold
a redundant copy of the environment data, so that there is
a valid backup copy in case there is a power failure during
a "saveenv" operation.
BE CAREFUL! Any changes to the flash layout, and some changes to the
source code will make it necessary to adapt <board>/u-boot.lds*
accordingly!
- CONFIG_ENV_IS_IN_NVRAM:
Define this if you have some non-volatile memory device
(NVRAM, battery buffered SRAM) which you want to use for the
environment.
- CONFIG_ENV_ADDR:
- CONFIG_ENV_SIZE:
These two #defines are used to determine the memory area you
want to use for environment. It is assumed that this memory
can just be read and written to, without any special
provision.
BE CAREFUL! The first access to the environment happens quite early
in U-Boot initalization (when we try to get the setting of for the
console baudrate). You *MUST* have mapped your NVRAM area then, or
U-Boot will hang.
Please note that even with NVRAM we still use a copy of the
environment in RAM: we could work on NVRAM directly, but we want to
keep settings there always unmodified except somebody uses "saveenv"
to save the current settings.
- CONFIG_ENV_IS_IN_EEPROM:
Use this if you have an EEPROM or similar serial access
device and a driver for it.
- CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET:
- CONFIG_ENV_SIZE:
These two #defines specify the offset and size of the
environment area within the total memory of your EEPROM.
- CONFIG_SYS_I2C_EEPROM_ADDR:
If defined, specified the chip address of the EEPROM device.
The default address is zero.
- CONFIG_SYS_EEPROM_PAGE_WRITE_BITS:
If defined, the number of bits used to address bytes in a
single page in the EEPROM device. A 64 byte page, for example
would require six bits.
- CONFIG_SYS_EEPROM_PAGE_WRITE_DELAY_MS:
If defined, the number of milliseconds to delay between
page writes. The default is zero milliseconds.
- CONFIG_SYS_I2C_EEPROM_ADDR_LEN:
The length in bytes of the EEPROM memory array address. Note
that this is NOT the chip address length!
- CONFIG_SYS_I2C_EEPROM_ADDR_OVERFLOW:
EEPROM chips that implement "address overflow" are ones
like Catalyst 24WC04/08/16 which has 9/10/11 bits of
address and the extra bits end up in the "chip address" bit
slots. This makes a 24WC08 (1Kbyte) chip look like four 256
byte chips.
Note that we consider the length of the address field to
still be one byte because the extra address bits are hidden
in the chip address.
- CONFIG_SYS_EEPROM_SIZE:
The size in bytes of the EEPROM device.
- CONFIG_ENV_IS_IN_DATAFLASH:
Define this if you have a DataFlash memory device which you
want to use for the environment.
- CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET:
- CONFIG_ENV_ADDR:
- CONFIG_ENV_SIZE:
These three #defines specify the offset and size of the
environment area within the total memory of your DataFlash placed
at the specified address.
- CONFIG_ENV_IS_IN_NAND:
Define this if you have a NAND device which you want to use
for the environment.
- CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET:
- CONFIG_ENV_SIZE:
These two #defines specify the offset and size of the environment
area within the first NAND device.
- CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET_REDUND
This setting describes a second storage area of CONFIG_ENV_SIZE
size used to hold a redundant copy of the environment data,
so that there is a valid backup copy in case there is a
power failure during a "saveenv" operation.
Note: CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET and CONFIG_ENV_OFFSET_REDUND must be aligned
to a block boundary, and CONFIG_ENV_SIZE must be a multiple of
the NAND devices block size.
- CONFIG_NAND_ENV_DST
Defines address in RAM to which the nand_spl code should copy the
environment. If redundant environment is used, it will be copied to
CONFIG_NAND_ENV_DST + CONFIG_ENV_SIZE.
- CONFIG_SYS_SPI_INIT_OFFSET
Defines offset to the initial SPI buffer area in DPRAM. The
area is used at an early stage (ROM part) if the environment
is configured to reside in the SPI EEPROM: We need a 520 byte
scratch DPRAM area. It is used between the two initialization
calls (spi_init_f() and spi_init_r()). A value of 0xB00 seems
to be a good choice since it makes it far enough from the
start of the data area as well as from the stack pointer.
Please note that the environment is read-only until the monitor
has been relocated to RAM and a RAM copy of the environment has been
created; also, when using EEPROM you will have to use getenv_r()
until then to read environment variables.
The environment is protected by a CRC32 checksum. Before the monitor
is relocated into RAM, as a result of a bad CRC you will be working
with the compiled-in default environment - *silently*!!! [This is
necessary, because the first environment variable we need is the
"baudrate" setting for the console - if we have a bad CRC, we don't
have any device yet where we could complain.]
Note: once the monitor has been relocated, then it will complain if
the default environment is used; a new CRC is computed as soon as you
use the "saveenv" command to store a valid environment.
- CONFIG_SYS_FAULT_ECHO_LINK_DOWN:
Echo the inverted Ethernet link state to the fault LED.
Note: If this option is active, then CONFIG_SYS_FAULT_MII_ADDR
also needs to be defined.
- CONFIG_SYS_FAULT_MII_ADDR:
MII address of the PHY to check for the Ethernet link state.
- CONFIG_SYS_64BIT_VSPRINTF:
Makes vsprintf (and all *printf functions) support printing
of 64bit values by using the L quantifier
- CONFIG_SYS_64BIT_STRTOUL:
Adds simple_strtoull that returns a 64bit value
- CONFIG_NS16550_MIN_FUNCTIONS:
Define this if you desire to only have use of the NS16550_init
and NS16550_putc functions for the serial driver located at
drivers/serial/ns16550.c. This option is useful for saving
space for already greatly restricted images, including but not
limited to NAND_SPL configurations.
Low Level (hardware related) configuration options:
---------------------------------------------------
- CONFIG_SYS_CACHELINE_SIZE:
Cache Line Size of the CPU.
- CONFIG_SYS_DEFAULT_IMMR:
Default address of the IMMR after system reset.
Needed on some 8260 systems (MPC8260ADS, PQ2FADS-ZU,
and RPXsuper) to be able to adjust the position of
the IMMR register after a reset.
- Floppy Disk Support:
CONFIG_SYS_FDC_DRIVE_NUMBER
the default drive number (default value 0)
CONFIG_SYS_ISA_IO_STRIDE
defines the spacing between FDC chipset registers
(default value 1)
CONFIG_SYS_ISA_IO_OFFSET
defines the offset of register from address. It
depends on which part of the data bus is connected to
the FDC chipset. (default value 0)
If CONFIG_SYS_ISA_IO_STRIDE CONFIG_SYS_ISA_IO_OFFSET and
CONFIG_SYS_FDC_DRIVE_NUMBER are undefined, they take their
default value.
if CONFIG_SYS_FDC_HW_INIT is defined, then the function
fdc_hw_init() is called at the beginning of the FDC
setup. fdc_hw_init() must be provided by the board
source code. It is used to make hardware dependant
initializations.
- CONFIG_SYS_IMMR: Physical address of the Internal Memory.
DO NOT CHANGE unless you know exactly what you're
doing! (11-4) [MPC8xx/82xx systems only]
- CONFIG_SYS_INIT_RAM_ADDR:
Start address of memory area that can be used for
initial data and stack; please note that this must be
writable memory that is working WITHOUT special
initialization, i. e. you CANNOT use normal RAM which
will become available only after programming the
memory controller and running certain initialization
sequences.
U-Boot uses the following memory types:
- MPC8xx and MPC8260: IMMR (internal memory of the CPU)
- MPC824X: data cache
- PPC4xx: data cache
- CONFIG_SYS_GBL_DATA_OFFSET:
Offset of the initial data structure in the memory
area defined by CONFIG_SYS_INIT_RAM_ADDR. Usually
CONFIG_SYS_GBL_DATA_OFFSET is chosen such that the initial
data is located at the end of the available space
(sometimes written as (CONFIG_SYS_INIT_RAM_END -
CONFIG_SYS_INIT_DATA_SIZE), and the initial stack is just
below that area (growing from (CONFIG_SYS_INIT_RAM_ADDR +
CONFIG_SYS_GBL_DATA_OFFSET) downward.
Note:
On the MPC824X (or other systems that use the data
cache for initial memory) the address chosen for
CONFIG_SYS_INIT_RAM_ADDR is basically arbitrary - it must
point to an otherwise UNUSED address space between
the top of RAM and the start of the PCI space.
- CONFIG_SYS_SIUMCR: SIU Module Configuration (11-6)
- CONFIG_SYS_SYPCR: System Protection Control (11-9)
- CONFIG_SYS_TBSCR: Time Base Status and Control (11-26)
- CONFIG_SYS_PISCR: Periodic Interrupt Status and Control (11-31)
- CONFIG_SYS_PLPRCR: PLL, Low-Power, and Reset Control Register (15-30)
- CONFIG_SYS_SCCR: System Clock and reset Control Register (15-27)
- CONFIG_SYS_OR_TIMING_SDRAM:
SDRAM timing
- CONFIG_SYS_MAMR_PTA:
periodic timer for refresh
- CONFIG_SYS_DER: Debug Event Register (37-47)
- FLASH_BASE0_PRELIM, FLASH_BASE1_PRELIM, CONFIG_SYS_REMAP_OR_AM,
CONFIG_SYS_PRELIM_OR_AM, CONFIG_SYS_OR_TIMING_FLASH, CONFIG_SYS_OR0_REMAP,
CONFIG_SYS_OR0_PRELIM, CONFIG_SYS_BR0_PRELIM, CONFIG_SYS_OR1_REMAP, CONFIG_SYS_OR1_PRELIM,
CONFIG_SYS_BR1_PRELIM:
Memory Controller Definitions: BR0/1 and OR0/1 (FLASH)
- SDRAM_BASE2_PRELIM, SDRAM_BASE3_PRELIM, SDRAM_MAX_SIZE,
CONFIG_SYS_OR_TIMING_SDRAM, CONFIG_SYS_OR2_PRELIM, CONFIG_SYS_BR2_PRELIM,
CONFIG_SYS_OR3_PRELIM, CONFIG_SYS_BR3_PRELIM:
Memory Controller Definitions: BR2/3 and OR2/3 (SDRAM)
- CONFIG_SYS_MAMR_PTA, CONFIG_SYS_MPTPR_2BK_4K, CONFIG_SYS_MPTPR_1BK_4K, CONFIG_SYS_MPTPR_2BK_8K,
CONFIG_SYS_MPTPR_1BK_8K, CONFIG_SYS_MAMR_8COL, CONFIG_SYS_MAMR_9COL:
Machine Mode Register and Memory Periodic Timer
Prescaler definitions (SDRAM timing)
- CONFIG_SYS_I2C_UCODE_PATCH, CONFIG_SYS_I2C_DPMEM_OFFSET [0x1FC0]:
enable I2C microcode relocation patch (MPC8xx);
define relocation offset in DPRAM [DSP2]
- CONFIG_SYS_SMC_UCODE_PATCH, CONFIG_SYS_SMC_DPMEM_OFFSET [0x1FC0]:
enable SMC microcode relocation patch (MPC8xx);
define relocation offset in DPRAM [SMC1]
- CONFIG_SYS_SPI_UCODE_PATCH, CONFIG_SYS_SPI_DPMEM_OFFSET [0x1FC0]:
enable SPI microcode relocation patch (MPC8xx);
define relocation offset in DPRAM [SCC4]
- CONFIG_SYS_USE_OSCCLK:
Use OSCM clock mode on MBX8xx board. Be careful,
wrong setting might damage your board. Read
doc/README.MBX before setting this variable!
- CONFIG_SYS_CPM_POST_WORD_ADDR: (MPC8xx, MPC8260 only)
Offset of the bootmode word in DPRAM used by post
(Power On Self Tests). This definition overrides
#define'd default value in commproc.h resp.
cpm_8260.h.
- CONFIG_SYS_PCI_SLV_MEM_LOCAL, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_SLV_MEM_BUS, CONFIG_SYS_PICMR0_MASK_ATTRIB,
CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR0_LOCAL, CONFIG_SYS_PCIMSK0_MASK, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR1_LOCAL,
CONFIG_SYS_PCIMSK1_MASK, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_MEM_LOCAL, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_MEM_BUS,
CONFIG_SYS_CPU_PCI_MEM_START, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_MEM_SIZE, CONFIG_SYS_POCMR0_MASK_ATTRIB,
CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_MEMIO_LOCAL, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_MEMIO_BUS, CPU_PCI_MEMIO_START,
CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_MEMIO_SIZE, CONFIG_SYS_POCMR1_MASK_ATTRIB, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_IO_LOCAL,
CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_IO_BUS, CONFIG_SYS_CPU_PCI_IO_START, CONFIG_SYS_PCI_MSTR_IO_SIZE,
CONFIG_SYS_POCMR2_MASK_ATTRIB: (MPC826x only)
Overrides the default PCI memory map in cpu/mpc8260/pci.c if set.
- CONFIG_PCI_DISABLE_PCIE:
Disable PCI-Express on systems where it is supported but not
required.
- CONFIG_SPD_EEPROM
Get DDR timing information from an I2C EEPROM. Common
with pluggable memory modules such as SODIMMs
SPD_EEPROM_ADDRESS
I2C address of the SPD EEPROM
- CONFIG_SYS_SPD_BUS_NUM
If SPD EEPROM is on an I2C bus other than the first
one, specify here. Note that the value must resolve
to something your driver can deal with.
- CONFIG_SYS_83XX_DDR_USES_CS0
Only for 83xx systems. If specified, then DDR should
be configured using CS0 and CS1 instead of CS2 and CS3.
- CONFIG_ETHER_ON_FEC[12]
Define to enable FEC[12] on a 8xx series processor.
- CONFIG_FEC[12]_PHY
Define to the hardcoded PHY address which corresponds
to the given FEC; i. e.
#define CONFIG_FEC1_PHY 4
means that the PHY with address 4 is connected to FEC1
When set to -1, means to probe for first available.
- CONFIG_FEC[12]_PHY_NORXERR
The PHY does not have a RXERR line (RMII only).
(so program the FEC to ignore it).
- CONFIG_RMII
Enable RMII mode for all FECs.
Note that this is a global option, we can't
have one FEC in standard MII mode and another in RMII mode.
- CONFIG_CRC32_VERIFY
Add a verify option to the crc32 command.
The syntax is:
=> crc32 -v <address> <count> <crc32>
Where address/count indicate a memory area
and crc32 is the correct crc32 which the
area should have.
- CONFIG_LOOPW
Add the "loopw" memory command. This only takes effect if
the memory commands are activated globally (CONFIG_CMD_MEM).
- CONFIG_MX_CYCLIC
Add the "mdc" and "mwc" memory commands. These are cyclic
"md/mw" commands.
Examples:
=> mdc.b 10 4 500
This command will print 4 bytes (10,11,12,13) each 500 ms.
=> mwc.l 100 12345678 10
This command will write 12345678 to address 100 all 10 ms.
This only takes effect if the memory commands are activated
globally (CONFIG_CMD_MEM).
- CONFIG_SKIP_LOWLEVEL_INIT
- CONFIG_SKIP_RELOCATE_UBOOT
[ARM only] If these variables are defined, then
certain low level initializations (like setting up
the memory controller) are omitted and/or U-Boot does
not relocate itself into RAM.
Normally these variables MUST NOT be defined. The
only exception is when U-Boot is loaded (to RAM) by
some other boot loader or by a debugger which
performs these initializations itself.
- CONFIG_PRELOADER
Modifies the behaviour of start.S when compiling a loader
that is executed before the actual U-Boot. E.g. when
compiling a NAND SPL.
Building the Software:
======================
Building U-Boot has been tested in several native build environments
and in many different cross environments. Of course we cannot support
all possibly existing versions of cross development tools in all
(potentially obsolete) versions. In case of tool chain problems we
recommend to use the ELDK (see http://www.denx.de/wiki/DULG/ELDK)
which is extensively used to build and test U-Boot.
If you are not using a native environment, it is assumed that you
have GNU cross compiling tools available in your path. In this case,
you must set the environment variable CROSS_COMPILE in your shell.
Note that no changes to the Makefile or any other source files are
necessary. For example using the ELDK on a 4xx CPU, please enter:
$ CROSS_COMPILE=ppc_4xx-
$ export CROSS_COMPILE
Note: If you wish to generate Windows versions of the utilities in
the tools directory you can use the MinGW toolchain
(http://www.mingw.org). Set your HOST tools to the MinGW
toolchain and execute 'make tools'. For example:
$ make HOSTCC=i586-mingw32msvc-gcc HOSTSTRIP=i586-mingw32msvc-strip tools
Binaries such as tools/mkimage.exe will be created which can
be executed on computers running Windows.
U-Boot is intended to be simple to build. After installing the
sources you must configure U-Boot for one specific board type. This
is done by typing:
make NAME_config
where "NAME_config" is the name of one of the existing configu-
rations; see the main Makefile for supported names.
Note: for some board special configuration names may exist; check if
additional information is available from the board vendor; for
instance, the TQM823L systems are available without (standard)
or with LCD support. You can select such additional "features"
when choosing the configuration, i. e.
make TQM823L_config
- will configure for a plain TQM823L, i. e. no LCD support
make TQM823L_LCD_config
- will configure for a TQM823L with U-Boot console on LCD
etc.
Finally, type "make all", and you should get some working U-Boot
images ready for download to / installation on your system:
- "u-boot.bin" is a raw binary image
- "u-boot" is an image in ELF binary format
- "u-boot.srec" is in Motorola S-Record format
By default the build is performed locally and the objects are saved
in the source directory. One of the two methods can be used to change
this behavior and build U-Boot to some external directory:
1. Add O= to the make command line invocations:
make O=/tmp/build distclean
make O=/tmp/build NAME_config
make O=/tmp/build all
2. Set environment variable BUILD_DIR to point to the desired location:
export BUILD_DIR=/tmp/build
make distclean
make NAME_config
make all
Note that the command line "O=" setting overrides the BUILD_DIR environment
variable.
Please be aware that the Makefiles assume you are using GNU make, so
for instance on NetBSD you might need to use "gmake" instead of
native "make".
If the system board that you have is not listed, then you will need
to port U-Boot to your hardware platform. To do this, follow these
steps:
1. Add a new configuration option for your board to the toplevel
"Makefile" and to the "MAKEALL" script, using the existing
entries as examples. Note that here and at many other places
boards and other names are listed in alphabetical sort order. Please
keep this order.
2. Create a new directory to hold your board specific code. Add any
files you need. In your board directory, you will need at least
the "Makefile", a "<board>.c", "flash.c" and "u-boot.lds".
3. Create a new configuration file "include/configs/<board>.h" for
your board
3. If you're porting U-Boot to a new CPU, then also create a new
directory to hold your CPU specific code. Add any files you need.
4. Run "make <board>_config" with your new name.
5. Type "make", and you should get a working "u-boot.srec" file
to be installed on your target system.
6. Debug and solve any problems that might arise.
[Of course, this last step is much harder than it sounds.]
Testing of U-Boot Modifications, Ports to New Hardware, etc.:
==============================================================
If you have modified U-Boot sources (for instance added a new board
or support for new devices, a new CPU, etc.) you are expected to
provide feedback to the other developers. The feedback normally takes
the form of a "patch", i. e. a context diff against a certain (latest
official or latest in the git repository) version of U-Boot sources.
But before you submit such a patch, please verify that your modifi-
cation did not break existing code. At least make sure that *ALL* of
the supported boards compile WITHOUT ANY compiler warnings. To do so,
just run the "MAKEALL" script, which will configure and build U-Boot
for ALL supported system. Be warned, this will take a while. You can
select which (cross) compiler to use by passing a `CROSS_COMPILE'
environment variable to the script, i. e. to use the ELDK cross tools
you can type
CROSS_COMPILE=ppc_8xx- MAKEALL
or to build on a native PowerPC system you can type
CROSS_COMPILE=' ' MAKEALL
When using the MAKEALL script, the default behaviour is to build
U-Boot in the source directory. This location can be changed by
setting the BUILD_DIR environment variable. Also, for each target
built, the MAKEALL script saves two log files (<target>.ERR and
<target>.MAKEALL) in the <source dir>/LOG directory. This default
location can be changed by setting the MAKEALL_LOGDIR environment
variable. For example:
export BUILD_DIR=/tmp/build
export MAKEALL_LOGDIR=/tmp/log
CROSS_COMPILE=ppc_8xx- MAKEALL
With the above settings build objects are saved in the /tmp/build,
log files are saved in the /tmp/log and the source tree remains clean
during the whole build process.
See also "U-Boot Porting Guide" below.
Monitor Commands - Overview:
============================
go - start application at address 'addr'
run - run commands in an environment variable
bootm - boot application image from memory
bootp - boot image via network using BootP/TFTP protocol
tftpboot- boot image via network using TFTP protocol
and env variables "ipaddr" and "serverip"
(and eventually "gatewayip")
rarpboot- boot image via network using RARP/TFTP protocol
diskboot- boot from IDE devicebootd - boot default, i.e., run 'bootcmd'
loads - load S-Record file over serial line
loadb - load binary file over serial line (kermit mode)
md - memory display
mm - memory modify (auto-incrementing)
nm - memory modify (constant address)
mw - memory write (fill)
cp - memory copy
cmp - memory compare
crc32 - checksum calculation
i2c - I2C sub-system
sspi - SPI utility commands
base - print or set address offset
printenv- print environment variables
setenv - set environment variables
saveenv - save environment variables to persistent storage
protect - enable or disable FLASH write protection
erase - erase FLASH memory
flinfo - print FLASH memory information
bdinfo - print Board Info structure
iminfo - print header information for application image
coninfo - print console devices and informations
ide - IDE sub-system
loop - infinite loop on address range
loopw - infinite write loop on address range
mtest - simple RAM test
icache - enable or disable instruction cache
dcache - enable or disable data cache
reset - Perform RESET of the CPU
echo - echo args to console
version - print monitor version
help - print online help
? - alias for 'help'
Monitor Commands - Detailed Description:
========================================
TODO.
For now: just type "help <command>".
Environment Variables:
======================
U-Boot supports user configuration using Environment Variables which
can be made persistent by saving to Flash memory.
Environment Variables are set using "setenv", printed using
"printenv", and saved to Flash using "saveenv". Using "setenv"
without a value can be used to delete a variable from the
environment. As long as you don't save the environment you are
working with an in-memory copy. In case the Flash area containing the
environment is erased by accident, a default environment is provided.
Some configuration options can be set using Environment Variables:
baudrate - see CONFIG_BAUDRATE
bootdelay - see CONFIG_BOOTDELAY
bootcmd - see CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND
bootargs - Boot arguments when booting an RTOS image
bootfile - Name of the image to load with TFTP
bootm_low - Memory range available for image processing in the bootm
command can be restricted. This variable is given as
a hexadecimal number and defines lowest address allowed
for use by the bootm command. See also "bootm_size"
environment variable. Address defined by "bootm_low" is
also the base of the initial memory mapping for the Linux
kernel -- see the description of CONFIG_SYS_BOOTMAPSZ.
bootm_size - Memory range available for image processing in the bootm
command can be restricted. This variable is given as
a hexadecimal number and defines the size of the region
allowed for use by the bootm command. See also "bootm_low"
environment variable.
updatefile - Location of the software update file on a TFTP server, used
by the automatic software update feature. Please refer to
documentation in doc/README.update for more details.
autoload - if set to "no" (any string beginning with 'n'),
"bootp" will just load perform a lookup of the
configuration from the BOOTP server, but not try to
load any image using TFTP
autoscript - if set to "yes" commands like "loadb", "loady",
"bootp", "tftpb", "rarpboot" and "nfs" will attempt
to automatically run script images (by internally
calling "source").
autoscript_uname - if script image is in a format (FIT) this
variable is used to get script subimage unit name.
autostart - if set to "yes", an image loaded using the "bootp",
"rarpboot", "tftpboot" or "diskboot" commands will
be automatically started (by internally calling
"bootm")
If set to "no", a standalone image passed to the
"bootm" command will be copied to the load address
(and eventually uncompressed), but NOT be started.
This can be used to load and uncompress arbitrary
data.
i2cfast - (PPC405GP|PPC405EP only)
if set to 'y' configures Linux I2C driver for fast
mode (400kHZ). This environment variable is used in
initialization code. So, for changes to be effective
it must be saved and board must be reset.
initrd_high - restrict positioning of initrd images:
If this variable is not set, initrd images will be
copied to the highest possible address in RAM; this
is usually what you want since it allows for
maximum initrd size. If for some reason you want to
make sure that the initrd image is loaded below the
CONFIG_SYS_BOOTMAPSZ limit, you can set this environment
variable to a value of "no" or "off" or "0".
Alternatively, you can set it to a maximum upper
address to use (U-Boot will still check that it
does not overwrite the U-Boot stack and data).
For instance, when you have a system with 16 MB
RAM, and want to reserve 4 MB from use by Linux,
you can do this by adding "mem=12M" to the value of
the "bootargs" variable. However, now you must make
sure that the initrd image is placed in the first
12 MB as well - this can be done with
setenv initrd_high 00c00000
If you set initrd_high to 0xFFFFFFFF, this is an
indication to U-Boot that all addresses are legal
for the Linux kernel, including addresses in flash
memory. In this case U-Boot will NOT COPY the
ramdisk at all. This may be useful to reduce the
boot time on your system, but requires that this
feature is supported by your Linux kernel.
ipaddr - IP address; needed for tftpboot command
loadaddr - Default load address for commands like "bootp",
"rarpboot", "tftpboot", "loadb" or "diskboot"
loads_echo - see CONFIG_LOADS_ECHO
serverip - TFTP server IP address; needed for tftpboot command
bootretry - see CONFIG_BOOT_RETRY_TIME
bootdelaykey - see CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_DELAY_STR
bootstopkey - see CONFIG_AUTOBOOT_STOP_STR
ethprime - When CONFIG_NET_MULTI is enabled controls which
interface is used first.
ethact - When CONFIG_NET_MULTI is enabled controls which
interface is currently active. For example you
can do the following
=> setenv ethact FEC ETHERNET
=> ping 192.168.0.1 # traffic sent on FEC ETHERNET
=> setenv ethact SCC ETHERNET
=> ping 10.0.0.1 # traffic sent on SCC ETHERNET
ethrotate - When set to "no" U-Boot does not go through all
available network interfaces.
It just stays at the currently selected interface.
netretry - When set to "no" each network operation will
either succeed or fail without retrying.
When set to "once" the network operation will
fail when all the available network interfaces
are tried once without success.
Useful on scripts which control the retry operation
themselves.
npe_ucode - set load address for the NPE microcode
tftpsrcport - If this is set, the value is used for TFTP's
UDP source port.
tftpdstport - If this is set, the value is used for TFTP's UDP
destination port instead of the Well Know Port 69.
vlan - When set to a value < 4095 the traffic over
Ethernet is encapsulated/received over 802.1q
VLAN tagged frames.
The following environment variables may be used and automatically
updated by the network boot commands ("bootp" and "rarpboot"),
depending the information provided by your boot server:
bootfile - see above
dnsip - IP address of your Domain Name Server
dnsip2 - IP address of your secondary Domain Name Server
gatewayip - IP address of the Gateway (Router) to use
hostname - Target hostname
ipaddr - see above
netmask - Subnet Mask
rootpath - Pathname of the root filesystem on the NFS server
serverip - see above
There are two special Environment Variables:
serial# - contains hardware identification information such
as type string and/or serial number
ethaddr - Ethernet address
These variables can be set only once (usually during manufacturing of
the board). U-Boot refuses to delete or overwrite these variables
once they have been set once.
Further special Environment Variables:
ver - Contains the U-Boot version string as printed
with the "version" command. This variable is
readonly (see CONFIG_VERSION_VARIABLE).
Please note that changes to some configuration parameters may take
only effect after the next boot (yes, that's just like Windoze :-).
Command Line Parsing:
=====================
There are two different command line parsers available with U-Boot:
the old "simple" one, and the much more powerful "hush" shell:
Old, simple command line parser:
--------------------------------
- supports environment variables (through setenv / saveenv commands)
- several commands on one line, separated by ';'
- variable substitution using "... ${name} ..." syntax
- special characters ('$', ';') can be escaped by prefixing with '\',
for example:
setenv bootcmd bootm \${address}
- You can also escape text by enclosing in single apostrophes, for example:
setenv addip 'setenv bootargs $bootargs ip=$ipaddr:$serverip:$gatewayip:$netmask:$hostname::off'
Hush shell:
-----------
- similar to Bourne shell, with control structures like
if...then...else...fi, for...do...done; while...do...done,
until...do...done, ...
- supports environment ("global") variables (through setenv / saveenv
commands) and local shell variables (through standard shell syntax
"name=value"); only environment variables can be used with "run"
command
General rules:
--------------
(1) If a command line (or an environment variable executed by a "run"
command) contains several commands separated by semicolon, and
one of these commands fails, then the remaining commands will be
executed anyway.
(2) If you execute several variables with one call to run (i. e.
calling run with a list of variables as arguments), any failing
command will cause "run" to terminate, i. e. the remaining
variables are not executed.
Note for Redundant Ethernet Interfaces:
=======================================
Some boards come with redundant Ethernet interfaces; U-Boot supports
such configurations and is capable of automatic selection of a
"working" interface when needed. MAC assignment works as follows:
Network interfaces are numbered eth0, eth1, eth2, ... Corresponding
MAC addresses can be stored in the environment as "ethaddr" (=>eth0),
"eth1addr" (=>eth1), "eth2addr", ...
If the network interface stores some valid MAC address (for instance
in SROM), this is used as default address if there is NO correspon-
ding setting in the environment; if the corresponding environment
variable is set, this overrides the settings in the card; that means:
o If the SROM has a valid MAC address, and there is no address in the
environment, the SROM's address is used.
o If there is no valid address in the SROM, and a definition in the
environment exists, then the value from the environment variable is
used.
o If both the SROM and the environment contain a MAC address, and
both addresses are the same, this MAC address is used.
o If both the SROM and the environment contain a MAC address, and the
addresses differ, the value from the environment is used and a
warning is printed.
o If neither SROM nor the environment contain a MAC address, an error
is raised.
Image Formats:
==============
U-Boot is capable of booting (and performing other auxiliary operations on)
images in two formats:
New uImage format (FIT)
-----------------------
Flexible and powerful format based on Flattened Image Tree -- FIT (similar
to Flattened Device Tree). It allows the use of images with multiple
components (several kernels, ramdisks, etc.), with contents protected by
SHA1, MD5 or CRC32. More details are found in the doc/uImage.FIT directory.
Old uImage format
-----------------
Old image format is based on binary files which can be basically anything,
preceded by a special header; see the definitions in include/image.h for
details; basically, the header defines the following image properties:
* Target Operating System (Provisions for OpenBSD, NetBSD, FreeBSD,
4.4BSD, Linux, SVR4, Esix, Solaris, Irix, SCO, Dell, NCR, VxWorks,
LynxOS, pSOS, QNX, RTEMS, INTEGRITY;
Currently supported: Linux, NetBSD, VxWorks, QNX, RTEMS, LynxOS,
INTEGRITY).
* Target CPU Architecture (Provisions for Alpha, ARM, AVR32, Intel x86,
IA64, MIPS, NIOS, PowerPC, IBM S390, SuperH, Sparc, Sparc 64 Bit;
Currently supported: ARM, AVR32, Intel x86, MIPS, NIOS, PowerPC).
* Compression Type (uncompressed, gzip, bzip2)
* Load Address
* Entry Point
* Image Name
* Image Timestamp
The header is marked by a special Magic Number, and both the header
and the data portions of the image are secured against corruption by
CRC32 checksums.
Linux Support:
==============
Although U-Boot should support any OS or standalone application
easily, the main focus has always been on Linux during the design of
U-Boot.
U-Boot includes many features that so far have been part of some
special "boot loader" code within the Linux kernel. Also, any
"initrd" images to be used are no longer part of one big Linux image;
instead, kernel and "initrd" are separate images. This implementation
serves several purposes:
- the same features can be used for other OS or standalone
applications (for instance: using compressed images to reduce the
Flash memory footprint)
- it becomes much easier to port new Linux kernel versions because
lots of low-level, hardware dependent stuff are done by U-Boot
- the same Linux kernel image can now be used with different "initrd"
images; of course this also means that different kernel images can
be run with the same "initrd". This makes testing easier (you don't
have to build a new "zImage.initrd" Linux image when you just
change a file in your "initrd"). Also, a field-upgrade of the
software is easier now.
Linux HOWTO:
============
Porting Linux to U-Boot based systems:
---------------------------------------
U-Boot cannot save you from doing all the necessary modifications to
configure the Linux device drivers for use with your target hardware
(no, we don't intend to provide a full virtual machine interface to
Linux :-).
But now you can ignore ALL boot loader code (in arch/ppc/mbxboot).
Just make sure your machine specific header file (for instance
include/asm-ppc/tqm8xx.h) includes the same definition of the Board
Information structure as we define in include/asm-<arch>/u-boot.h,
and make sure that your definition of IMAP_ADDR uses the same value
as your U-Boot configuration in CONFIG_SYS_IMMR.
Configuring the Linux kernel:
-----------------------------
No specific requirements for U-Boot. Make sure you have some root
device (initial ramdisk, NFS) for your target system.
Building a Linux Image:
-----------------------
With U-Boot, "normal" build targets like "zImage" or "bzImage" are
not used. If you use recent kernel source, a new build target
"uImage" will exist which automatically builds an image usable by
U-Boot. Most older kernels also have support for a "pImage" target,
which was introduced for our predecessor project PPCBoot and uses a
100% compatible format.
Example:
make TQM850L_config
make oldconfig
make dep
make uImage
The "uImage" build target uses a special tool (in 'tools/mkimage') to
encapsulate a compressed Linux kernel image with header information,
CRC32 checksum etc. for use with U-Boot. This is what we are doing:
* build a standard "vmlinux" kernel image (in ELF binary format):
* convert the kernel into a raw binary image:
${CROSS_COMPILE}-objcopy -O binary \
-R .note -R .comment \
-S vmlinux linux.bin
* compress the binary image:
gzip -9 linux.bin
* package compressed binary image for U-Boot:
mkimage -A ppc -O linux -T kernel -C gzip \
-a 0 -e 0 -n "Linux Kernel Image" \
-d linux.bin.gz uImage
The "mkimage" tool can also be used to create ramdisk images for use
with U-Boot, either separated from the Linux kernel image, or
combined into one file. "mkimage" encapsulates the images with a 64
byte header containing information about target architecture,
operating system, image type, compression method, entry points, time
stamp, CRC32 checksums, etc.
"mkimage" can be called in two ways: to verify existing images and
print the header information, or to build new images.
In the first form (with "-l" option) mkimage lists the information
contained in the header of an existing U-Boot image; this includes
checksum verification:
tools/mkimage -l image
-l ==> list image header information
The second form (with "-d" option) is used to build a U-Boot image
from a "data file" which is used as image payload:
tools/mkimage -A arch -O os -T type -C comp -a addr -e ep \
-n name -d data_file image
-A ==> set architecture to 'arch'
-O ==> set operating system to 'os'
-T ==> set image type to 'type'
-C ==> set compression type 'comp'
-a ==> set load address to 'addr' (hex)
-e ==> set entry point to 'ep' (hex)
-n ==> set image name to 'name'
-d ==> use image data from 'datafile'
Right now, all Linux kernels for PowerPC systems use the same load
address (0x00000000), but the entry point address depends on the
kernel version:
- 2.2.x kernels have the entry point at 0x0000000C,
- 2.3.x and later kernels have the entry point at 0x00000000.
So a typical call to build a U-Boot image would read:
-> tools/mkimage -n '2.4.4 kernel for TQM850L' \
> -A ppc -O linux -T kernel -C gzip -a 0 -e 0 \
> -d /opt/elsk/ppc_8xx/usr/src/linux-2.4.4/arch/ppc/coffboot/vmlinux.gz \
> examples/uImage.TQM850L
Image Name: 2.4.4 kernel for TQM850L
Created: Wed Jul 19 02:34:59 2000
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 335725 Bytes = 327.86 kB = 0.32 MB
Load Address: 0x00000000
Entry Point: 0x00000000
To verify the contents of the image (or check for corruption):
-> tools/mkimage -l examples/uImage.TQM850L
Image Name: 2.4.4 kernel for TQM850L
Created: Wed Jul 19 02:34:59 2000
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 335725 Bytes = 327.86 kB = 0.32 MB
Load Address: 0x00000000
Entry Point: 0x00000000
NOTE: for embedded systems where boot time is critical you can trade
speed for memory and install an UNCOMPRESSED image instead: this
needs more space in Flash, but boots much faster since it does not
need to be uncompressed:
-> gunzip /opt/elsk/ppc_8xx/usr/src/linux-2.4.4/arch/ppc/coffboot/vmlinux.gz
-> tools/mkimage -n '2.4.4 kernel for TQM850L' \
> -A ppc -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0 -e 0 \
> -d /opt/elsk/ppc_8xx/usr/src/linux-2.4.4/arch/ppc/coffboot/vmlinux \
> examples/uImage.TQM850L-uncompressed
Image Name: 2.4.4 kernel for TQM850L
Created: Wed Jul 19 02:34:59 2000
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
Data Size: 792160 Bytes = 773.59 kB = 0.76 MB
Load Address: 0x00000000
Entry Point: 0x00000000
Similar you can build U-Boot images from a 'ramdisk.image.gz' file
when your kernel is intended to use an initial ramdisk:
-> tools/mkimage -n 'Simple Ramdisk Image' \
> -A ppc -O linux -T ramdisk -C gzip \
> -d /LinuxPPC/images/SIMPLE-ramdisk.image.gz examples/simple-initrd
Image Name: Simple Ramdisk Image
Created: Wed Jan 12 14:01:50 2000
Image Type: PowerPC Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 566530 Bytes = 553.25 kB = 0.54 MB
Load Address: 0x00000000
Entry Point: 0x00000000
Installing a Linux Image:
-------------------------
To downloading a U-Boot image over the serial (console) interface,
you must convert the image to S-Record format:
objcopy -I binary -O srec examples/image examples/image.srec
The 'objcopy' does not understand the information in the U-Boot
image header, so the resulting S-Record file will be relative to
address 0x00000000. To load it to a given address, you need to
specify the target address as 'offset' parameter with the 'loads'
command.
Example: install the image to address 0x40100000 (which on the
TQM8xxL is in the first Flash bank):
=> erase 40100000 401FFFFF
.......... done
Erased 8 sectors
=> loads 40100000
## Ready for S-Record download ...
~>examples/image.srec
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ...
...
15989 15990 15991 15992
[file transfer complete]
[connected]
## Start Addr = 0x00000000
You can check the success of the download using the 'iminfo' command;
this includes a checksum verification so you can be sure no data
corruption happened:
=> imi 40100000
## Checking Image at 40100000 ...
Image Name: 2.2.13 for initrd on TQM850L
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 335725 Bytes = 327 kB = 0 MB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point: 0000000c
Verifying Checksum ... OK
Boot Linux:
-----------
The "bootm" command is used to boot an application that is stored in
memory (RAM or Flash). In case of a Linux kernel image, the contents
of the "bootargs" environment variable is passed to the kernel as
parameters. You can check and modify this variable using the
"printenv" and "setenv" commands:
=> printenv bootargs
bootargs=root=/dev/ram
=> setenv bootargs root=/dev/nfs rw nfsroot=10.0.0.2:/LinuxPPC nfsaddrs=10.0.0.99:10.0.0.2
=> printenv bootargs
bootargs=root=/dev/nfs rw nfsroot=10.0.0.2:/LinuxPPC nfsaddrs=10.0.0.99:10.0.0.2
=> bootm 40020000
## Booting Linux kernel at 40020000 ...
Image Name: 2.2.13 for NFS on TQM850L
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 381681 Bytes = 372 kB = 0 MB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point: 0000000c
Verifying Checksum ... OK
Uncompressing Kernel Image ... OK
Linux version 2.2.13 (wd@denx.local.net) (gcc version 2.95.2 19991024 (release)) #1 Wed Jul 19 02:35:17 MEST 2000
Boot arguments: root=/dev/nfs rw nfsroot=10.0.0.2:/LinuxPPC nfsaddrs=10.0.0.99:10.0.0.2
time_init: decrementer frequency = 187500000/60
Calibrating delay loop... 49.77 BogoMIPS
Memory: 15208k available (700k kernel code, 444k data, 32k init) [c0000000,c1000000]
...
If you want to boot a Linux kernel with initial RAM disk, you pass
the memory addresses of both the kernel and the initrd image (PPBCOOT
format!) to the "bootm" command:
=> imi 40100000 40200000
## Checking Image at 40100000 ...
Image Name: 2.2.13 for initrd on TQM850L
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 335725 Bytes = 327 kB = 0 MB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point: 0000000c
Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Checking Image at 40200000 ...
Image Name: Simple Ramdisk Image
Image Type: PowerPC Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 566530 Bytes = 553 kB = 0 MB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point: 00000000
Verifying Checksum ... OK
=> bootm 40100000 40200000
## Booting Linux kernel at 40100000 ...
Image Name: 2.2.13 for initrd on TQM850L
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 335725 Bytes = 327 kB = 0 MB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point: 0000000c
Verifying Checksum ... OK
Uncompressing Kernel Image ... OK
## Loading RAMDisk Image at 40200000 ...
Image Name: Simple Ramdisk Image
Image Type: PowerPC Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 566530 Bytes = 553 kB = 0 MB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point: 00000000
Verifying Checksum ... OK
Loading Ramdisk ... OK
Linux version 2.2.13 (wd@denx.local.net) (gcc version 2.95.2 19991024 (release)) #1 Wed Jul 19 02:32:08 MEST 2000
Boot arguments: root=/dev/ram
time_init: decrementer frequency = 187500000/60
Calibrating delay loop... 49.77 BogoMIPS
...
RAMDISK: Compressed image found at block 0
VFS: Mounted root (ext2 filesystem).
bash#
Boot Linux and pass a flat device tree:
-----------
First, U-Boot must be compiled with the appropriate defines. See the section
titled "Linux Kernel Interface" above for a more in depth explanation. The
following is an example of how to start a kernel and pass an updated
flat device tree:
=> print oftaddr
oftaddr=0x300000
=> print oft
oft=oftrees/mpc8540ads.dtb
=> tftp $oftaddr $oft
Speed: 1000, full duplex
Using TSEC0 device
TFTP from server 192.168.1.1; our IP address is 192.168.1.101
Filename 'oftrees/mpc8540ads.dtb'.
Load address: 0x300000
Loading: #
done
Bytes transferred = 4106 (100a hex)
=> tftp $loadaddr $bootfile
Speed: 1000, full duplex
Using TSEC0 device
TFTP from server 192.168.1.1; our IP address is 192.168.1.2
Filename 'uImage'.
Load address: 0x200000
Loading:############
done
Bytes transferred = 1029407 (fb51f hex)
=> print loadaddr
loadaddr=200000
=> print oftaddr
oftaddr=0x300000
=> bootm $loadaddr - $oftaddr
## Booting image at 00200000 ...
Image Name: Linux-2.6.17-dirty
Image Type: PowerPC Linux Kernel Image (gzip compressed)
Data Size: 1029343 Bytes = 1005.2 kB
Load Address: 00000000
Entry Point: 00000000
Verifying Checksum ... OK
Uncompressing Kernel Image ... OK
Booting using flat device tree at 0x300000
Using MPC85xx ADS machine description
Memory CAM mapping: CAM0=256Mb, CAM1=256Mb, CAM2=0Mb residual: 0Mb
[snip]
More About U-Boot Image Types:
------------------------------
U-Boot supports the following image types:
"Standalone Programs" are directly runnable in the environment
provided by U-Boot; it is expected that (if they behave
well) you can continue to work in U-Boot after return from
the Standalone Program.
"OS Kernel Images" are usually images of some Embedded OS which
will take over control completely. Usually these programs
will install their own set of exception handlers, device
drivers, set up the MMU, etc. - this means, that you cannot
expect to re-enter U-Boot except by resetting the CPU.
"RAMDisk Images" are more or less just data blocks, and their
parameters (address, size) are passed to an OS kernel that is
being started.
"Multi-File Images" contain several images, typically an OS
(Linux) kernel image and one or more data images like
RAMDisks. This construct is useful for instance when you want
to boot over the network using BOOTP etc., where the boot
server provides just a single image file, but you want to get
for instance an OS kernel and a RAMDisk image.
"Multi-File Images" start with a list of image sizes, each
image size (in bytes) specified by an "uint32_t" in network
byte order. This list is terminated by an "(uint32_t)0".
Immediately after the terminating 0 follow the images, one by
one, all aligned on "uint32_t" boundaries (size rounded up to
a multiple of 4 bytes).
"Firmware Images" are binary images containing firmware (like
U-Boot or FPGA images) which usually will be programmed to
flash memory.
"Script files" are command sequences that will be executed by
U-Boot's command interpreter; this feature is especially
useful when you configure U-Boot to use a real shell (hush)
as command interpreter.
Standalone HOWTO:
=================
One of the features of U-Boot is that you can dynamically load and
run "standalone" applications, which can use some resources of
U-Boot like console I/O functions or interrupt services.
Two simple examples are included with the sources:
"Hello World" Demo:
-------------------
'examples/hello_world.c' contains a small "Hello World" Demo
application; it is automatically compiled when you build U-Boot.
It's configured to run at address 0x00040004, so you can play with it
like that:
=> loads
## Ready for S-Record download ...
~>examples/hello_world.srec
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ...
[file transfer complete]
[connected]
## Start Addr = 0x00040004
=> go 40004 Hello World! This is a test.
## Starting application at 0x00040004 ...
Hello World
argc = 7
argv[0] = "40004"
argv[1] = "Hello"
argv[2] = "World!"
argv[3] = "This"
argv[4] = "is"
argv[5] = "a"
argv[6] = "test."
argv[7] = "<NULL>"
Hit any key to exit ...
## Application terminated, rc = 0x0
Another example, which demonstrates how to register a CPM interrupt
handler with the U-Boot code, can be found in 'examples/timer.c'.
Here, a CPM timer is set up to generate an interrupt every second.
The interrupt service routine is trivial, just printing a '.'
character, but this is just a demo program. The application can be
controlled by the following keys:
? - print current values og the CPM Timer registers
b - enable interrupts and start timer
e - stop timer and disable interrupts
q - quit application
=> loads
## Ready for S-Record download ...
~>examples/timer.srec
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ...
[file transfer complete]
[connected]
## Start Addr = 0x00040004
=> go 40004
## Starting application at 0x00040004 ...
TIMERS=0xfff00980
Using timer 1
tgcr @ 0xfff00980, tmr @ 0xfff00990, trr @ 0xfff00994, tcr @ 0xfff00998, tcn @ 0xfff0099c, ter @ 0xfff009b0
Hit 'b':