blob: 8225a39124ddc8bbd156779eb7b28dcfafa1dcaa [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* drivers/mtd/nand.c
*
* Overview:
* This is the generic MTD driver for NAND flash devices. It should be
* capable of working with almost all NAND chips currently available.
* Basic support for AG-AND chips is provided.
*
* Additional technical information is available on
* http://www.linux-mtd.infradead.org/doc/nand.html
*
* Copyright (C) 2000 Steven J. Hill (sjhill@realitydiluted.com)
* 2002-2006 Thomas Gleixner (tglx@linutronix.de)
*
* Credits:
* David Woodhouse for adding multichip support
*
* Aleph One Ltd. and Toby Churchill Ltd. for supporting the
* rework for 2K page size chips
*
* TODO:
* Enable cached programming for 2k page size chips
* Check, if mtd->ecctype should be set to MTD_ECC_HW
* if we have HW ecc support.
* The AG-AND chips have nice features for speed improvement,
* which are not supported yet. Read / program 4 pages in one go.
* BBT table is not serialized, has to be fixed
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
*/
#include <common.h>
#define ENOTSUPP 524 /* Operation is not supported */
#include <malloc.h>
#include <watchdog.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand_ecc.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd-abi.h>
#include <linux/mtd/bbm.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand_bch.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_PARTITIONS
#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
#endif
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/errno.h>
/*
* CONFIG_SYS_NAND_RESET_CNT is used as a timeout mechanism when resetting
* a flash. NAND flash is initialized prior to interrupts so standard timers
* can't be used. CONFIG_SYS_NAND_RESET_CNT should be set to a value
* which is greater than (max NAND reset time / NAND status read time).
* A conservative default of 200000 (500 us / 25 ns) is used as a default.
*/
#ifndef CONFIG_SYS_NAND_RESET_CNT
#define CONFIG_SYS_NAND_RESET_CNT 200000
#endif
/* Define default oob placement schemes for large and small page devices */
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_8 = {
.eccbytes = 3,
.eccpos = {0, 1, 2},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 3,
.length = 2},
{.offset = 6,
.length = 2} }
};
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_16 = {
.eccbytes = 6,
.eccpos = {0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 7},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 8,
. length = 8} }
};
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_64 = {
.eccbytes = 24,
.eccpos = {
40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47,
48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55,
56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 2,
.length = 38} }
};
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_128 = {
.eccbytes = 48,
.eccpos = {
80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87,
88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95,
96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103,
104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111,
112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119,
120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 2,
.length = 78} }
};
static int nand_get_device(struct nand_chip *chip, struct mtd_info *mtd,
int new_state);
static int nand_do_write_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops);
static int nand_wait(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *this);
static int check_offs_len(struct mtd_info *mtd,
loff_t ofs, uint64_t len)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret = 0;
/* Start address must align on block boundary */
if (ofs & ((1 << chip->phys_erase_shift) - 1)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Unaligned address\n", __func__);
ret = -EINVAL;
}
/* Length must align on block boundary */
if (len & ((1 << chip->phys_erase_shift) - 1)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Length not block aligned\n",
__func__);
ret = -EINVAL;
}
/* Do not allow past end of device */
if (ofs + len > mtd->size) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Past end of device\n",
__func__);
ret = -EINVAL;
}
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_release_device - [GENERIC] release chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Deselect, release chip lock and wake up anyone waiting on the device
*/
static void nand_release_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* De-select the NAND device */
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
}
/**
* nand_read_byte - [DEFAULT] read one byte from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Default read function for 8bit buswith
*/
uint8_t nand_read_byte(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
return readb(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
}
/**
* nand_read_byte16 - [DEFAULT] read one byte endianess aware from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Default read function for 16bit buswith with
* endianess conversion
*/
static uint8_t nand_read_byte16(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
return (uint8_t) cpu_to_le16(readw(chip->IO_ADDR_R));
}
/**
* nand_read_word - [DEFAULT] read one word from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Default read function for 16bit buswith without
* endianess conversion
*/
static u16 nand_read_word(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
return readw(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
}
/**
* nand_select_chip - [DEFAULT] control CE line
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @chipnr: chipnumber to select, -1 for deselect
*
* Default select function for 1 chip devices.
*/
static void nand_select_chip(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
switch (chipnr) {
case -1:
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE, 0 | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
break;
case 0:
break;
default:
BUG();
}
}
/**
* nand_write_buf - [DEFAULT] write buffer to chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @len: number of bytes to write
*
* Default write function for 8bit buswith
*/
void nand_write_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
int i;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
writeb(buf[i], chip->IO_ADDR_W);
}
/**
* nand_read_buf - [DEFAULT] read chip data into buffer
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: buffer to store date
* @len: number of bytes to read
*
* Default read function for 8bit buswith
*/
void nand_read_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
int i;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
buf[i] = readb(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
}
/**
* nand_verify_buf - [DEFAULT] Verify chip data against buffer
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: buffer containing the data to compare
* @len: number of bytes to compare
*
* Default verify function for 8bit buswith
*/
static int nand_verify_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
int i;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
if (buf[i] != readb(chip->IO_ADDR_R))
return -EFAULT;
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_buf16 - [DEFAULT] write buffer to chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @len: number of bytes to write
*
* Default write function for 16bit buswith
*/
void nand_write_buf16(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
int i;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u16 *p = (u16 *) buf;
len >>= 1;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
writew(p[i], chip->IO_ADDR_W);
}
/**
* nand_read_buf16 - [DEFAULT] read chip data into buffer
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: buffer to store date
* @len: number of bytes to read
*
* Default read function for 16bit buswith
*/
void nand_read_buf16(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
int i;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u16 *p = (u16 *) buf;
len >>= 1;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
p[i] = readw(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
}
/**
* nand_verify_buf16 - [DEFAULT] Verify chip data against buffer
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: buffer containing the data to compare
* @len: number of bytes to compare
*
* Default verify function for 16bit buswith
*/
static int nand_verify_buf16(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
int i;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u16 *p = (u16 *) buf;
len >>= 1;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
if (p[i] != readw(chip->IO_ADDR_R))
return -EFAULT;
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_block_bad - [DEFAULT] Read bad block marker from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
* @getchip: 0, if the chip is already selected
*
* Check, if the block is bad.
*/
static int nand_block_bad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, int getchip)
{
int page, chipnr, res = 0;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u16 bad;
if (chip->options & NAND_BBT_SCANLASTPAGE)
ofs += mtd->erasesize - mtd->writesize;
page = (int)(ofs >> chip->page_shift) & chip->pagemask;
if (getchip) {
chipnr = (int)(ofs >> chip->chip_shift);
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_READING);
/* Select the NAND device */
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, chip->badblockpos & 0xFE,
page);
bad = cpu_to_le16(chip->read_word(mtd));
if (chip->badblockpos & 0x1)
bad >>= 8;
else
bad &= 0xFF;
} else {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, chip->badblockpos, page);
bad = chip->read_byte(mtd);
}
if (likely(chip->badblockbits == 8))
res = bad != 0xFF;
else
res = hweight8(bad) < chip->badblockbits;
if (getchip)
nand_release_device(mtd);
return res;
}
/**
* nand_default_block_markbad - [DEFAULT] mark a block bad
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
*
* This is the default implementation, which can be overridden by
* a hardware specific driver.
*/
static int nand_default_block_markbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
uint8_t buf[2] = { 0, 0 };
int block, ret, i = 0;
if (chip->options & NAND_BBT_SCANLASTPAGE)
ofs += mtd->erasesize - mtd->writesize;
/* Get block number */
block = (int)(ofs >> chip->bbt_erase_shift);
if (chip->bbt)
chip->bbt[block >> 2] |= 0x01 << ((block & 0x03) << 1);
/* Do we have a flash based bad block table ? */
if (chip->options & NAND_USE_FLASH_BBT)
ret = nand_update_bbt(mtd, ofs);
else {
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_WRITING);
/* Write to first two pages and to byte 1 and 6 if necessary.
* If we write to more than one location, the first error
* encountered quits the procedure. We write two bytes per
* location, so we dont have to mess with 16 bit access.
*/
do {
chip->ops.len = chip->ops.ooblen = 2;
chip->ops.datbuf = NULL;
chip->ops.oobbuf = buf;
chip->ops.ooboffs = chip->badblockpos & ~0x01;
ret = nand_do_write_oob(mtd, ofs, &chip->ops);
if (!ret && (chip->options & NAND_BBT_SCANBYTE1AND6)) {
chip->ops.ooboffs = NAND_SMALL_BADBLOCK_POS
& ~0x01;
ret = nand_do_write_oob(mtd, ofs, &chip->ops);
}
i++;
ofs += mtd->writesize;
} while (!ret && (chip->options & NAND_BBT_SCAN2NDPAGE) &&
i < 2);
nand_release_device(mtd);
}
if (!ret)
mtd->ecc_stats.badblocks++;
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_check_wp - [GENERIC] check if the chip is write protected
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* Check, if the device is write protected
*
* The function expects, that the device is already selected
*/
static int nand_check_wp(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* broken xD cards report WP despite being writable */
if (chip->options & NAND_BROKEN_XD)
return 0;
/* Check the WP bit */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS, -1, -1);
return (chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_WP) ? 0 : 1;
}
/**
* nand_block_checkbad - [GENERIC] Check if a block is marked bad
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
* @getchip: 0, if the chip is already selected
* @allowbbt: 1, if its allowed to access the bbt area
*
* Check, if the block is bad. Either by reading the bad block table or
* calling of the scan function.
*/
static int nand_block_checkbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, int getchip,
int allowbbt)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
if (!(chip->options & NAND_BBT_SCANNED)) {
chip->options |= NAND_BBT_SCANNED;
chip->scan_bbt(mtd);
}
if (!chip->bbt)
return chip->block_bad(mtd, ofs, getchip);
/* Return info from the table */
return nand_isbad_bbt(mtd, ofs, allowbbt);
}
/*
* Wait for the ready pin, after a command
* The timeout is catched later.
*/
void nand_wait_ready(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u32 timeo = (CONFIG_SYS_HZ * 20) / 1000;
u32 time_start;
time_start = get_timer(0);
/* wait until command is processed or timeout occures */
while (get_timer(time_start) < timeo) {
if (chip->dev_ready)
if (chip->dev_ready(mtd))
break;
}
}
/**
* nand_command - [DEFAULT] Send command to NAND device
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @command: the command to be sent
* @column: the column address for this command, -1 if none
* @page_addr: the page address for this command, -1 if none
*
* Send command to NAND device. This function is used for small page
* devices (256/512 Bytes per page)
*/
static void nand_command(struct mtd_info *mtd, unsigned int command,
int column, int page_addr)
{
register struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ctrl = NAND_CTRL_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
uint32_t rst_sts_cnt = CONFIG_SYS_NAND_RESET_CNT;
/*
* Write out the command to the device.
*/
if (command == NAND_CMD_SEQIN) {
int readcmd;
if (column >= mtd->writesize) {
/* OOB area */
column -= mtd->writesize;
readcmd = NAND_CMD_READOOB;
} else if (column < 256) {
/* First 256 bytes --> READ0 */
readcmd = NAND_CMD_READ0;
} else {
column -= 256;
readcmd = NAND_CMD_READ1;
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, readcmd, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, command, ctrl);
/*
* Address cycle, when necessary
*/
ctrl = NAND_CTRL_ALE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
/* Serially input address */
if (column != -1) {
/* Adjust columns for 16 bit buswidth */
if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16)
column >>= 1;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, column, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
}
if (page_addr != -1) {
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 8, ctrl);
/* One more address cycle for devices > 32MiB */
if (chip->chipsize > (32 << 20))
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 16, ctrl);
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE, NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/*
* program and erase have their own busy handlers
* status and sequential in needs no delay
*/
switch (command) {
case NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE1:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE2:
case NAND_CMD_SEQIN:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS:
return;
case NAND_CMD_RESET:
if (chip->dev_ready)
break;
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS,
NAND_CTRL_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd,
NAND_CMD_NONE, NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
while (!(chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_READY) &&
(rst_sts_cnt--));
return;
/* This applies to read commands */
default:
/*
* If we don't have access to the busy pin, we apply the given
* command delay
*/
if (!chip->dev_ready) {
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
return;
}
}
/* Apply this short delay always to ensure that we do wait tWB in
* any case on any machine. */
ndelay(100);
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
/**
* nand_command_lp - [DEFAULT] Send command to NAND large page device
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @command: the command to be sent
* @column: the column address for this command, -1 if none
* @page_addr: the page address for this command, -1 if none
*
* Send command to NAND device. This is the version for the new large page
* devices We dont have the separate regions as we have in the small page
* devices. We must emulate NAND_CMD_READOOB to keep the code compatible.
*/
static void nand_command_lp(struct mtd_info *mtd, unsigned int command,
int column, int page_addr)
{
register struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
uint32_t rst_sts_cnt = CONFIG_SYS_NAND_RESET_CNT;
/* Emulate NAND_CMD_READOOB */
if (command == NAND_CMD_READOOB) {
column += mtd->writesize;
command = NAND_CMD_READ0;
}
/* Command latch cycle */
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, command & 0xff,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
if (column != -1 || page_addr != -1) {
int ctrl = NAND_CTRL_CHANGE | NAND_NCE | NAND_ALE;
/* Serially input address */
if (column != -1) {
/* Adjust columns for 16 bit buswidth */
if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16)
column >>= 1;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, column, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, column >> 8, ctrl);
}
if (page_addr != -1) {
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr, ctrl);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 8,
NAND_NCE | NAND_ALE);
/* One more address cycle for devices > 128MiB */
if (chip->chipsize > (128 << 20))
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 16,
NAND_NCE | NAND_ALE);
}
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE, NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/*
* program and erase have their own busy handlers
* status, sequential in, and deplete1 need no delay
*/
switch (command) {
case NAND_CMD_CACHEDPROG:
case NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE1:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE2:
case NAND_CMD_SEQIN:
case NAND_CMD_RNDIN:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS:
case NAND_CMD_DEPLETE1:
return;
/*
* read error status commands require only a short delay
*/
case NAND_CMD_STATUS_ERROR:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS_ERROR0:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS_ERROR1:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS_ERROR2:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS_ERROR3:
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
return;
case NAND_CMD_RESET:
if (chip->dev_ready)
break;
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
while (!(chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_READY) &&
(rst_sts_cnt--));
return;
case NAND_CMD_RNDOUT:
/* No ready / busy check necessary */
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUTSTART,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
return;
case NAND_CMD_READ0:
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_READSTART,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/* This applies to read commands */
default:
/*
* If we don't have access to the busy pin, we apply the given
* command delay
*/
if (!chip->dev_ready) {
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
return;
}
}
/* Apply this short delay always to ensure that we do wait tWB in
* any case on any machine. */
ndelay(100);
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
/**
* nand_get_device - [GENERIC] Get chip for selected access
* @chip: the nand chip descriptor
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @new_state: the state which is requested
*
* Get the device and lock it for exclusive access
*/
static int
nand_get_device(struct nand_chip *chip, struct mtd_info *mtd, int new_state)
{
chip->state = new_state;
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_wait - [DEFAULT] wait until the command is done
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @chip: NAND chip structure
*
* Wait for command done. This applies to erase and program only
* Erase can take up to 400ms and program up to 20ms according to
* general NAND and SmartMedia specs
*/
static int nand_wait(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip)
{
unsigned long timeo;
int state = chip->state;
u32 time_start;
if (state == FL_ERASING)
timeo = (CONFIG_SYS_HZ * 400) / 1000;
else
timeo = (CONFIG_SYS_HZ * 20) / 1000;
if ((state == FL_ERASING) && (chip->options & NAND_IS_AND))
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS_MULTI, -1, -1);
else
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS, -1, -1);
time_start = get_timer(0);
while (1) {
if (get_timer(time_start) > timeo) {
printf("Timeout!");
return 0x01;
}
if (chip->dev_ready) {
if (chip->dev_ready(mtd))
break;
} else {
if (chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_READY)
break;
}
}
#ifdef PPCHAMELON_NAND_TIMER_HACK
time_start = get_timer(0);
while (get_timer(time_start) < 10)
;
#endif /* PPCHAMELON_NAND_TIMER_HACK */
return (int)chip->read_byte(mtd);
}
/**
* nand_read_page_raw - [Intern] read raw page data without ecc
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @page: page number to read
*
* Not for syndrome calculating ecc controllers, which use a special oob layout
*/
static int nand_read_page_raw(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int page)
{
chip->read_buf(mtd, buf, mtd->writesize);
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_raw_syndrome - [Intern] read raw page data without ecc
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @page: page number to read
*
* We need a special oob layout and handling even when OOB isn't used.
*/
static int nand_read_page_raw_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int page)
{
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
int steps, size;
for (steps = chip->ecc.steps; steps > 0; steps--) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, buf, eccsize);
buf += eccsize;
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
size = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (size)
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, size);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_swecc - [REPLACABLE] software ecc based page read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @page: page number to read
*/
static int nand_read_page_swecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
uint8_t *ecc_code = chip->buffers->ecccode;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
chip->ecc.read_page_raw(mtd, chip, buf, page);
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize)
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
ecc_code[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]];
eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
p = buf;
for (i = 0 ; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, &ecc_code[i], &ecc_calc[i]);
if (stat < 0)
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
else
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_subpage - [REPLACABLE] software ecc based sub-page read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @data_offs: offset of requested data within the page
* @readlen: data length
* @bufpoi: buffer to store read data
*/
static int nand_read_subpage(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint32_t data_offs, uint32_t readlen, uint8_t *bufpoi)
{
int start_step, end_step, num_steps;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
uint8_t *p;
int data_col_addr, i, gaps = 0;
int datafrag_len, eccfrag_len, aligned_len, aligned_pos;
int busw = (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) ? 2 : 1;
int index = 0;
/* Column address wihin the page aligned to ECC size (256bytes). */
start_step = data_offs / chip->ecc.size;
end_step = (data_offs + readlen - 1) / chip->ecc.size;
num_steps = end_step - start_step + 1;
/* Data size aligned to ECC ecc.size*/
datafrag_len = num_steps * chip->ecc.size;
eccfrag_len = num_steps * chip->ecc.bytes;
data_col_addr = start_step * chip->ecc.size;
/* If we read not a page aligned data */
if (data_col_addr != 0)
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT, data_col_addr, -1);
p = bufpoi + data_col_addr;
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, datafrag_len);
/* Calculate ECC */
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len ; i += chip->ecc.bytes, p += chip->ecc.size)
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &chip->buffers->ecccalc[i]);
/* The performance is faster if to position offsets
according to ecc.pos. Let make sure here that
there are no gaps in ecc positions */
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len - 1; i++) {
if (eccpos[i + start_step * chip->ecc.bytes] + 1 !=
eccpos[i + start_step * chip->ecc.bytes + 1]) {
gaps = 1;
break;
}
}
if (gaps) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT, mtd->writesize, -1);
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
} else {
/* send the command to read the particular ecc bytes */
/* take care about buswidth alignment in read_buf */
index = start_step * chip->ecc.bytes;
aligned_pos = eccpos[index] & ~(busw - 1);
aligned_len = eccfrag_len;
if (eccpos[index] & (busw - 1))
aligned_len++;
if (eccpos[index + (num_steps * chip->ecc.bytes)] & (busw - 1))
aligned_len++;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT,
mtd->writesize + aligned_pos, -1);
chip->read_buf(mtd, &chip->oob_poi[aligned_pos], aligned_len);
}
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len; i++)
chip->buffers->ecccode[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i + index]];
p = bufpoi + data_col_addr;
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len ; i += chip->ecc.bytes, p += chip->ecc.size) {
int stat;
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p,
&chip->buffers->ecccode[i], &chip->buffers->ecccalc[i]);
if (stat < 0)
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
else
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_hwecc - [REPLACABLE] hardware ecc based page read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @page: page number to read
*
* Not for syndrome calculating ecc controllers which need a special oob layout
*/
static int nand_read_page_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
uint8_t *ecc_code = chip->buffers->ecccode;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
}
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
ecc_code[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]];
eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
p = buf;
for (i = 0 ; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, &ecc_code[i], &ecc_calc[i]);
if (stat < 0)
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
else
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_hwecc_oob_first - [REPLACABLE] hw ecc, read oob first
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @page: page number to read
*
* Hardware ECC for large page chips, require OOB to be read first.
* For this ECC mode, the write_page method is re-used from ECC_HW.
* These methods read/write ECC from the OOB area, unlike the
* ECC_HW_SYNDROME support with multiple ECC steps, follows the
* "infix ECC" scheme and reads/writes ECC from the data area, by
* overwriting the NAND manufacturer bad block markings.
*/
static int nand_read_page_hwecc_oob_first(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip, uint8_t *buf, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *ecc_code = chip->buffers->ecccode;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
/* Read the OOB area first */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, 0, page);
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0, page);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
ecc_code[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]];
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, &ecc_code[i], NULL);
if (stat < 0)
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
else
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
}
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_syndrome - [REPLACABLE] hardware ecc syndrom based page read
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @page: page number to read
*
* The hw generator calculates the error syndrome automatically. Therefor
* we need a special oob layout and handling.
*/
static int nand_read_page_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READSYN);
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, oob, NULL);
if (stat < 0)
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
else
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
/* Calculate remaining oob bytes */
i = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (i)
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, i);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_transfer_oob - [Internal] Transfer oob to client buffer
* @chip: nand chip structure
* @oob: oob destination address
* @ops: oob ops structure
* @len: size of oob to transfer
*/
static uint8_t *nand_transfer_oob(struct nand_chip *chip, uint8_t *oob,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops, size_t len)
{
switch (ops->mode) {
case MTD_OOB_PLACE:
case MTD_OOB_RAW:
memcpy(oob, chip->oob_poi + ops->ooboffs, len);
return oob + len;
case MTD_OOB_AUTO: {
struct nand_oobfree *free = chip->ecc.layout->oobfree;
uint32_t boffs = 0, roffs = ops->ooboffs;
size_t bytes = 0;
for (; free->length && len; free++, len -= bytes) {
/* Read request not from offset 0 ? */
if (unlikely(roffs)) {
if (roffs >= free->length) {
roffs -= free->length;
continue;
}
boffs = free->offset + roffs;
bytes = min_t(size_t, len,
(free->length - roffs));
roffs = 0;
} else {
bytes = min_t(size_t, len, free->length);
boffs = free->offset;
}
memcpy(oob, chip->oob_poi + boffs, bytes);
oob += bytes;
}
return oob;
}
default:
BUG();
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* nand_do_read_ops - [Internal] Read data with ECC
*
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @ops: oob ops structure
*
* Internal function. Called with chip held.
*/
static int nand_do_read_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int chipnr, page, realpage, col, bytes, aligned;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
struct mtd_ecc_stats stats;
int blkcheck = (1 << (chip->phys_erase_shift - chip->page_shift)) - 1;
int sndcmd = 1;
int ret = 0;
uint32_t readlen = ops->len;
uint32_t oobreadlen = ops->ooblen;
uint32_t max_oobsize = ops->mode == MTD_OOB_AUTO ?
mtd->oobavail : mtd->oobsize;
uint8_t *bufpoi, *oob, *buf;
// printk(KERN_INFO "size of loff_t = %d \n", sizeof(loff_t));
stats = mtd->ecc_stats;
chipnr = (int)(from >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
realpage = (int)(from >> chip->page_shift);
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
col = (int)(from & (mtd->writesize - 1));
buf = ops->datbuf;
oob = ops->oobbuf;
while (1) {
WATCHDOG_RESET();
bytes = min(mtd->writesize - col, readlen);
aligned = (bytes == mtd->writesize);
/* Is the current page in the buffer ? */
if (realpage != chip->pagebuf || oob) {
bufpoi = aligned ? buf : chip->buffers->databuf;
if (likely(sndcmd)) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0x00, page);
sndcmd = 0;
}
/* Now read the page into the buffer */
if (unlikely(ops->mode == MTD_OOB_RAW))
ret = chip->ecc.read_page_raw(mtd, chip,
bufpoi, page);
else if (!aligned && NAND_SUBPAGE_READ(chip) && !oob)
ret = chip->ecc.read_subpage(mtd, chip,
col, bytes, bufpoi);
else
ret = chip->ecc.read_page(mtd, chip, bufpoi,
page);
if (ret < 0)
break;
/* Transfer not aligned data */
if (!aligned) {
if (!NAND_SUBPAGE_READ(chip) && !oob &&
!(mtd->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed))
chip->pagebuf = realpage;
memcpy(buf, chip->buffers->databuf + col, bytes);
}
buf += bytes;
if (unlikely(oob)) {
int toread = min(oobreadlen, max_oobsize);
if (toread) {
oob = nand_transfer_oob(chip,
oob, ops, toread);
oobreadlen -= toread;
}
}
if (!(chip->options & NAND_NO_READRDY)) {
/*
* Apply delay or wait for ready/busy pin. Do
* this before the AUTOINCR check, so no
* problems arise if a chip which does auto
* increment is marked as NOAUTOINCR by the
* board driver.
*/
if (!chip->dev_ready)
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
else
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
} else {
memcpy(buf, chip->buffers->databuf + col, bytes);
buf += bytes;
}
readlen -= bytes;
if (!readlen)
break;
/* For subsequent reads align to page boundary. */
col = 0;
/* Increment page address */
realpage++;
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
/* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
if (!page) {
chipnr++;
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
/* Check, if the chip supports auto page increment
* or if we have hit a block boundary.
*/
if (!NAND_CANAUTOINCR(chip) || !(page & blkcheck))
sndcmd = 1;
}
ops->retlen = ops->len - (size_t) readlen;
if (oob)
ops->oobretlen = ops->ooblen - oobreadlen;
if (ret)
return ret;
if (mtd->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed)
return -EBADMSG;
return mtd->ecc_stats.corrected - stats.corrected ? -EUCLEAN : 0;
}
/**
* nand_read - [MTD Interface] MTD compatibility function for nand_do_read_ecc
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @len: number of bytes to read
* @retlen: pointer to variable to store the number of read bytes
* @buf: the databuffer to put data
*
* Get hold of the chip and call nand_do_read
*/
static int nand_read(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len,
size_t *retlen, uint8_t *buf)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret;
/* Do not allow reads past end of device */
if ((from + len) > mtd->size)
return -EINVAL;
if (!len)
return 0;
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_READING);
chip->ops.len = len;
chip->ops.datbuf = buf;
chip->ops.oobbuf = NULL;
ret = nand_do_read_ops(mtd, from, &chip->ops);
*retlen = chip->ops.retlen;
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_read_oob_std - [REPLACABLE] the most common OOB data read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to read
* @sndcmd: flag whether to issue read command or not
*/
static int nand_read_oob_std(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page, int sndcmd)
{
if (sndcmd) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, 0, page);
sndcmd = 0;
}
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
return sndcmd;
}
/**
* nand_read_oob_syndrome - [REPLACABLE] OOB data read function for HW ECC
* with syndromes
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to read
* @sndcmd: flag whether to issue read command or not
*/
static int nand_read_oob_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page, int sndcmd)
{
uint8_t *buf = chip->oob_poi;
int length = mtd->oobsize;
int chunk = chip->ecc.bytes + chip->ecc.prepad + chip->ecc.postpad;
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
uint8_t *bufpoi = buf;
int i, toread, sndrnd = 0, pos;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, chip->ecc.size, page);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.steps; i++) {
if (sndrnd) {
pos = eccsize + i * (eccsize + chunk);
if (mtd->writesize > 512)
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT, pos, -1);
else
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, pos, page);
} else
sndrnd = 1;
toread = min_t(int, length, chunk);
chip->read_buf(mtd, bufpoi, toread);
bufpoi += toread;
length -= toread;
}
if (length > 0)
chip->read_buf(mtd, bufpoi, length);
return 1;
}
/**
* nand_write_oob_std - [REPLACABLE] the most common OOB data write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to write
*/
static int nand_write_oob_std(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page)
{
int status = 0;
const uint8_t *buf = chip->oob_poi;
int length = mtd->oobsize;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, mtd->writesize, page);
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, length);
/* Send command to program the OOB data */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
return status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL ? -EIO : 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_oob_syndrome - [REPLACABLE] OOB data write function for HW ECC
* with syndrome - only for large page flash !
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to write
*/
static int nand_write_oob_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip, int page)
{
int chunk = chip->ecc.bytes + chip->ecc.prepad + chip->ecc.postpad;
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size, length = mtd->oobsize;
int i, len, pos, status = 0, sndcmd = 0, steps = chip->ecc.steps;
const uint8_t *bufpoi = chip->oob_poi;
/*
* data-ecc-data-ecc ... ecc-oob
* or
* data-pad-ecc-pad-data-pad .... ecc-pad-oob
*/
if (!chip->ecc.prepad && !chip->ecc.postpad) {
pos = steps * (eccsize + chunk);
steps = 0;
} else
pos = eccsize;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, pos, page);
for (i = 0; i < steps; i++) {
if (sndcmd) {
if (mtd->writesize <= 512) {
uint32_t fill = 0xFFFFFFFF;
len = eccsize;
while (len > 0) {
int num = min_t(int, len, 4);
chip->write_buf(mtd, (uint8_t *)&fill,
num);
len -= num;
}
} else {
pos = eccsize + i * (eccsize + chunk);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDIN, pos, -1);
}
} else
sndcmd = 1;
len = min_t(int, length, chunk);
chip->write_buf(mtd, bufpoi, len);
bufpoi += len;
length -= len;
}
if (length > 0)
chip->write_buf(mtd, bufpoi, length);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
return status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL ? -EIO : 0;
}
/**
* nand_do_read_oob - [Intern] NAND read out-of-band
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @ops: oob operations description structure
*
* NAND read out-of-band data from the spare area
*/
static int nand_do_read_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int page, realpage, chipnr, sndcmd = 1;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int blkcheck = (1 << (chip->phys_erase_shift - chip->page_shift)) - 1;
int readlen = ops->ooblen;
int len;
uint8_t *buf = ops->oobbuf;
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL3, "%s: from = 0x%08Lx, len = %i\n",
__func__, (unsigned long long)from, readlen);
if (ops->mode == MTD_OOB_AUTO)
len = chip->ecc.layout->oobavail;
else
len = mtd->oobsize;
if (unlikely(ops->ooboffs >= len)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Attempt to start read "
"outside oob\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Do not allow reads past end of device */
if (unlikely(from >= mtd->size ||
ops->ooboffs + readlen > ((mtd->size >> chip->page_shift) -
(from >> chip->page_shift)) * len)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Attempt read beyond end "
"of device\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
chipnr = (int)(from >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/* Shift to get page */
realpage = (int)(from >> chip->page_shift);
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
while (1) {
WATCHDOG_RESET();
sndcmd = chip->ecc.read_oob(mtd, chip, page, sndcmd);
len = min(len, readlen);
buf = nand_transfer_oob(chip, buf, ops, len);
if (!(chip->options & NAND_NO_READRDY)) {
/*
* Apply delay or wait for ready/busy pin. Do this
* before the AUTOINCR check, so no problems arise if a
* chip which does auto increment is marked as
* NOAUTOINCR by the board driver.
*/
if (!chip->dev_ready)
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
else
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
readlen -= len;
if (!readlen)
break;
/* Increment page address */
realpage++;
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
/* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
if (!page) {
chipnr++;
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
/* Check, if the chip supports auto page increment
* or if we have hit a block boundary.
*/
if (!NAND_CANAUTOINCR(chip) || !(page & blkcheck))
sndcmd = 1;
}
ops->oobretlen = ops->ooblen;
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_oob - [MTD Interface] NAND read data and/or out-of-band
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @ops: oob operation description structure
*
* NAND read data and/or out-of-band data
*/
static int nand_read_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret = -ENOTSUPP;
ops->retlen = 0;
/* Do not allow reads past end of device */
if (ops->datbuf && (from + ops->len) > mtd->size) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Attempt read "
"beyond end of device\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_READING);
switch (ops->mode) {
case MTD_OOB_PLACE:
case MTD_OOB_AUTO:
case MTD_OOB_RAW:
break;
default:
goto out;
}
if (!ops->datbuf)
ret = nand_do_read_oob(mtd, from, ops);
else
ret = nand_do_read_ops(mtd, from, ops);
out:
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_write_page_raw - [Intern] raw page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
*
* Not for syndrome calculating ecc controllers, which use a special oob layout
*/
static void nand_write_page_raw(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf)
{
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, mtd->writesize);
chip->write_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
}
/**
* nand_write_page_raw_syndrome - [Intern] raw page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
*
* We need a special oob layout and handling even when ECC isn't checked.
*/
static void nand_write_page_raw_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf)
{
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
int steps, size;
for (steps = chip->ecc.steps; steps > 0; steps--) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, eccsize);
buf += eccsize;
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
size = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (size)
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, size);
}
/**
* nand_write_page_swecc - [REPLACABLE] software ecc based page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
*/
static void nand_write_page_swecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
const uint8_t *p = buf;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
/* Software ecc calculation */
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize)
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]] = ecc_calc[i];
chip->ecc.write_page_raw(mtd, chip, buf);
}
/**
* nand_write_page_hwecc - [REPLACABLE] hardware ecc based page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
*/
static void nand_write_page_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
const uint8_t *p = buf;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_WRITE);
chip->write_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
}
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]] = ecc_calc[i];
chip->write_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
}
/**
* nand_write_page_syndrome - [REPLACABLE] hardware ecc syndrom based page write
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
*
* The hw generator calculates the error syndrome automatically. Therefor
* we need a special oob layout and handling.
*/
static void nand_write_page_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip, const uint8_t *buf)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
const uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_WRITE);
chip->write_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, oob);
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
/* Calculate remaining oob bytes */
i = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (i)
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, i);
}
/**
* nand_write_page - [REPLACEABLE] write one page
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @chip: NAND chip descriptor
* @buf: the data to write
* @page: page number to write
* @cached: cached programming
* @raw: use _raw version of write_page
*/
static int nand_write_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int page, int cached, int raw)
{
int status;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, 0x00, page);
if (unlikely(raw))
chip->ecc.write_page_raw(mtd, chip, buf);
else
chip->ecc.write_page(mtd, chip, buf);
/*
* Cached progamming disabled for now, Not sure if its worth the
* trouble. The speed gain is not very impressive. (2.3->2.6Mib/s)
*/
cached = 0;
if (!cached || !(chip->options & NAND_CACHEPRG)) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
/*
* See if operation failed and additional status checks are
* available
*/
if ((status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) && (chip->errstat))
status = chip->errstat(mtd, chip, FL_WRITING, status,
page);
if (status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL)
return -EIO;
} else {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_CACHEDPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_NAND_VERIFY_WRITE
/* Send command to read back the data */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0, page);
if (chip->verify_buf(mtd, buf, mtd->writesize))
return -EIO;
#endif
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_fill_oob - [Internal] Transfer client buffer to oob
* @chip: nand chip structure
* @oob: oob data buffer
* @len: oob data write length
* @ops: oob ops structure
*/
static uint8_t *nand_fill_oob(struct nand_chip *chip, uint8_t *oob, size_t len,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
switch (ops->mode) {
case MTD_OOB_PLACE:
case MTD_OOB_RAW:
memcpy(chip->oob_poi + ops->ooboffs, oob, len);
return oob + len;
case MTD_OOB_AUTO: {
struct nand_oobfree *free = chip->ecc.layout->oobfree;
uint32_t boffs = 0, woffs = ops->ooboffs;
size_t bytes = 0;
for (; free->length && len; free++, len -= bytes) {
/* Write request not from offset 0 ? */
if (unlikely(woffs)) {
if (woffs >= free->length) {
woffs -= free->length;
continue;
}
boffs = free->offset + woffs;
bytes = min_t(size_t, len,
(free->length - woffs));
woffs = 0;
} else {
bytes = min_t(size_t, len, free->length);
boffs = free->offset;
}
memcpy(chip->oob_poi + boffs, oob, bytes);
oob += bytes;
}
return oob;
}
default:
BUG();
}
return NULL;
}
#define NOTALIGNED(x) ((x & (chip->subpagesize - 1)) != 0)
/**
* nand_do_write_ops - [Internal] NAND write with ECC
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @ops: oob operations description structure
*
* NAND write with ECC
*/
static int nand_do_write_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int chipnr, realpage, page, blockmask, column;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
uint32_t writelen = ops->len;
uint32_t oobwritelen = ops->ooblen;
uint32_t oobmaxlen = ops->mode == MTD_OOB_AUTO ?
mtd->oobavail : mtd->oobsize;
uint8_t *oob = ops->oobbuf;
uint8_t *buf = ops->datbuf;
int ret, subpage;
ops->retlen = 0;
if (!writelen)
return 0;
column = to & (mtd->writesize - 1);
subpage = column || (writelen & (mtd->writesize - 1));
if (subpage && oob)
return -EINVAL;
chipnr = (int)(to >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/* Check, if it is write protected */
if (nand_check_wp(mtd)) {
printk (KERN_NOTICE "nand_do_write_ops: Device is write protected\n");
return -EIO;
}
realpage = (int)(to >> chip->page_shift);
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
blockmask = (1 << (chip->phys_erase_shift - chip->page_shift)) - 1;
/* Invalidate the page cache, when we write to the cached page */
if (to <= (chip->pagebuf << chip->page_shift) &&
(chip->pagebuf << chip->page_shift) < (to + ops->len))
chip->pagebuf = -1;
/* If we're not given explicit OOB data, let it be 0xFF */
if (likely(!oob))
memset(chip->oob_poi, 0xff, mtd->oobsize);
/* Don't allow multipage oob writes with offset */
if (oob && ops->ooboffs && (ops->ooboffs + ops->ooblen > oobmaxlen))
return -EINVAL;
while (1) {
WATCHDOG_RESET();
int bytes = mtd->writesize;
int cached = writelen > bytes && page != blockmask;
uint8_t *wbuf = buf;
/* Partial page write ? */
if (unlikely(column || writelen < (mtd->writesize - 1))) {
cached = 0;
bytes = min_t(int, bytes - column, (int) writelen);
chip->pagebuf = -1;
memset(chip->buffers->databuf, 0xff, mtd->writesize);
memcpy(&chip->buffers->databuf[column], buf, bytes);
wbuf = chip->buffers->databuf;
}
if (unlikely(oob)) {
size_t len = min(oobwritelen, oobmaxlen);
oob = nand_fill_oob(chip, oob, len, ops);
oobwritelen -= len;
}
printf(" Page %d writesize %d writelen %d\n",page,bytes, cached);
ret = chip->write_page(mtd, chip, wbuf, page, cached,
(ops->mode == MTD_OOB_RAW));
if (ret)
break;
writelen -= bytes;
if (!writelen)
break;
column = 0;
buf += bytes;
realpage++;
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
/* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
if (!page) {
chipnr++;
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
}
ops->retlen = ops->len - writelen;
if (unlikely(oob))
ops->oobretlen = ops->ooblen;
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_write - [MTD Interface] NAND write with ECC
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @len: number of bytes to write
* @retlen: pointer to variable to store the number of written bytes
* @buf: the data to write
*
* NAND write with ECC
*/
static int nand_write(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to, size_t len,
size_t *retlen, const uint8_t *buf)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret;
/* Do not allow writes past end of device */
if ((to + len) > mtd->size)
return -EINVAL;
if (!len)
return 0;
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_WRITING);
chip->ops.len = len;
chip->ops.datbuf = (uint8_t *)buf;
chip->ops.oobbuf = NULL;
ret = nand_do_write_ops(mtd, to, &chip->ops);
*retlen = chip->ops.retlen;
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_do_write_oob - [MTD Interface] NAND write out-of-band
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @ops: oob operation description structure
*
* NAND write out-of-band
*/
static int nand_do_write_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int chipnr, page, status, len;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL3, "%s: to = 0x%08x, len = %i\n",
__func__, (unsigned int)to, (int)ops->ooblen);
if (ops->mode == MTD_OOB_AUTO)
len = chip->ecc.layout->oobavail;
else
len = mtd->oobsize;
/* Do not allow write past end of page */
if ((ops->ooboffs + ops->ooblen) > len) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Attempt to write "
"past end of page\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (unlikely(ops->ooboffs >= len)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Attempt to start "
"write outside oob\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Do not allow write past end of device */
if (unlikely(to >= mtd->size ||
ops->ooboffs + ops->ooblen >
((mtd->size >> chip->page_shift) -
(to >> chip->page_shift)) * len)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Attempt write beyond "
"end of device\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
chipnr = (int)(to >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/* Shift to get page */
page = (int)(to >> chip->page_shift);
/*
* Reset the chip. Some chips (like the Toshiba TC5832DC found in one
* of my DiskOnChip 2000 test units) will clear the whole data page too
* if we don't do this. I have no clue why, but I seem to have 'fixed'
* it in the doc2000 driver in August 1999. dwmw2.
*/
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RESET, -1, -1);
/* Check, if it is write protected */
if (nand_check_wp(mtd))
return -EROFS;
/* Invalidate the page cache, if we write to the cached page */
if (page == chip->pagebuf)
chip->pagebuf = -1;
memset(chip->oob_poi, 0xff, mtd->oobsize);
nand_fill_oob(chip, ops->oobbuf, ops->ooblen, ops);
status = chip->ecc.write_oob(mtd, chip, page & chip->pagemask);
memset(chip->oob_poi, 0xff, mtd->oobsize);
if (status)
return status;
ops->oobretlen = ops->ooblen;
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_oob - [MTD Interface] NAND write data and/or out-of-band
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @ops: oob operation description structure
*/
static int nand_write_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret = -ENOTSUPP;
ops->retlen = 0;
/* Do not allow writes past end of device */
if (ops->datbuf && (to + ops->len) > mtd->size) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Attempt write beyond "
"end of device\n", __func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_WRITING);
switch (ops->mode) {
case MTD_OOB_PLACE:
case MTD_OOB_AUTO:
case MTD_OOB_RAW:
break;
default:
goto out;
}
if (!ops->datbuf)
ret = nand_do_write_oob(mtd, to, ops);
else
ret = nand_do_write_ops(mtd, to, ops);
out:
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
/**
* single_erease_cmd - [GENERIC] NAND standard block erase command function
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @page: the page address of the block which will be erased
*
* Standard erase command for NAND chips
*/
static void single_erase_cmd(struct mtd_info *mtd, int page)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* Send commands to erase a block */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_ERASE1, -1, page);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_ERASE2, -1, -1);
}
/**
* multi_erease_cmd - [GENERIC] AND specific block erase command function
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @page: the page address of the block which will be erased
*
* AND multi block erase command function
* Erase 4 consecutive blocks
*/
static void multi_erase_cmd(struct mtd_info *mtd, int page)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* Send commands to erase a block */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_ERASE1, -1, page++);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_ERASE1, -1, page++);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_ERASE1, -1, page++);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_ERASE1, -1, page);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_ERASE2, -1, -1);
}
/**
* nand_erase - [MTD Interface] erase block(s)
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @instr: erase instruction
*
* Erase one ore more blocks
*/
static int nand_erase(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr)
{
return nand_erase_nand(mtd, instr, 0);
}
#define BBT_PAGE_MASK 0xffffff3f
/**
* nand_erase_nand - [Internal] erase block(s)
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @instr: erase instruction
* @allowbbt: allow erasing the bbt area
*
* Erase one ore more blocks
*/
int nand_erase_nand(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr,
int allowbbt)
{
int page, status, pages_per_block, ret, chipnr;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
loff_t rewrite_bbt[CONFIG_SYS_NAND_MAX_CHIPS] = {0};
unsigned int bbt_masked_page = 0xffffffff;
loff_t len;
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL3, "%s: start = 0x%012llx, len = %llu\n",
__func__, (unsigned long long)instr->addr,
(unsigned long long)instr->len);
if (check_offs_len(mtd, instr->addr, instr->len))
return -EINVAL;
instr->fail_addr = MTD_FAIL_ADDR_UNKNOWN;
/* Grab the lock and see if the device is available */
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_ERASING);
/* Shift to get first page */
page = (int)(instr->addr >> chip->page_shift);
chipnr = (int)(instr->addr >> chip->chip_shift);
/* Calculate pages in each block */
pages_per_block = 1 << (chip->phys_erase_shift - chip->page_shift);
/* Select the NAND device */
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/* Check, if it is write protected */
if (nand_check_wp(mtd)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Device is write protected!!!\n",
__func__);
instr->state = MTD_ERASE_FAILED;
goto erase_exit;
}
/*
* If BBT requires refresh, set the BBT page mask to see if the BBT
* should be rewritten. Otherwise the mask is set to 0xffffffff which
* can not be matched. This is also done when the bbt is actually
* erased to avoid recusrsive updates
*/
if (chip->options & BBT_AUTO_REFRESH && !allowbbt)
bbt_masked_page = chip->bbt_td->pages[chipnr] & BBT_PAGE_MASK;
/* Loop through the pages */
len = instr->len;
instr->state = MTD_ERASING;
while (len) {
WATCHDOG_RESET();
/*
* heck if we have a bad block, we do not erase bad blocks !
*/
if (!instr->scrub && nand_block_checkbad(mtd, ((loff_t) page) <<
chip->page_shift, 0, allowbbt)) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: attempt to erase a bad block "
"at page 0x%08x\n", __func__, page);
instr->state = MTD_ERASE_FAILED;
goto erase_exit;
}
/*
* Invalidate the page cache, if we erase the block which
* contains the current cached page
*/
if (page <= chip->pagebuf && chip->pagebuf <
(page + pages_per_block))
chip->pagebuf = -1;
chip->erase_cmd(mtd, page & chip->pagemask);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
/*
* See if operation failed and additional status checks are
* available
*/
if ((status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) && (chip->errstat))
status = chip->errstat(mtd, chip, FL_ERASING,
status, page);
/* See if block erase succeeded */
if (status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: Failed erase, "
"page 0x%08x\n", __func__, page);
instr->state = MTD_ERASE_FAILED;
instr->fail_addr =
((loff_t)page << chip->page_shift);
goto erase_exit;
}
/*
* If BBT requires refresh, set the BBT rewrite flag to the
* page being erased
*/
if (bbt_masked_page != 0xffffffff &&
(page & BBT_PAGE_MASK) == bbt_masked_page)
rewrite_bbt[chipnr] =
((loff_t)page << chip->page_shift);
/* Increment page address and decrement length */
len -= (1 << chip->phys_erase_shift);
page += pages_per_block;
/* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
if (len && !(page & chip->pagemask)) {
chipnr++;
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/*
* If BBT requires refresh and BBT-PERCHIP, set the BBT
* page mask to see if this BBT should be rewritten
*/
if (bbt_masked_page != 0xffffffff &&
(chip->bbt_td->options & NAND_BBT_PERCHIP))
bbt_masked_page = chip->bbt_td->pages[chipnr] &
BBT_PAGE_MASK;
}
}
instr->state = MTD_ERASE_DONE;
erase_exit:
ret = instr->state == MTD_ERASE_DONE ? 0 : -EIO;
/* Deselect and wake up anyone waiting on the device */
nand_release_device(mtd);
/* Do call back function */
if (!ret)
mtd_erase_callback(instr);
/*
* If BBT requires refresh and erase was successful, rewrite any
* selected bad block tables
*/
if (bbt_masked_page == 0xffffffff || ret)
return ret;
for (chipnr = 0; chipnr < chip->numchips; chipnr++) {
if (!rewrite_bbt[chipnr])
continue;
/* update the BBT for chip */
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "%s: nand_update_bbt "
"(%d:0x%0llx 0x%0x)\n", __func__, chipnr,
rewrite_bbt[chipnr], chip->bbt_td->pages[chipnr]);
nand_update_bbt(mtd, rewrite_bbt[chipnr]);
}
/* Return more or less happy */
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_sync - [MTD Interface] sync
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Sync is actually a wait for chip ready function
*/
static void nand_sync(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL3, "%s: called\n", __func__);
/* Grab the lock and see if the device is available */
nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_SYNCING);
/* Release it and go back */
nand_release_device(mtd);
}
/**
* nand_block_isbad - [MTD Interface] Check if block at offset is bad
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @offs: offset relative to mtd start
*/
static int nand_block_isbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t offs)
{
/* Check for invalid offset */
if (offs > mtd->size)
return -EINVAL;
return nand_block_checkbad(mtd, offs, 1, 0);
}
/**
* nand_block_markbad - [MTD Interface] Mark block at the given offset as bad
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset relative to mtd start
*/
static int nand_block_markbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret;
ret = nand_block_isbad(mtd, ofs);
if (ret) {
/* If it was bad already, return success and do nothing. */
if (ret > 0)
return 0;
return ret;
}
return chip->block_markbad(mtd, ofs);
}
/*
* Set default functions
*/
static void nand_set_defaults(struct nand_chip *chip, int busw)
{
/* check for proper chip_delay setup, set 20us if not */
if (!chip->chip_delay)
chip->chip_delay = 20;
/* check, if a user supplied command function given */
if (chip->cmdfunc == NULL)
chip->cmdfunc = nand_command;
/* check, if a user supplied wait function given */
if (chip->waitfunc == NULL)
chip->waitfunc = nand_wait;
if (!chip->select_chip)
chip->select_chip = nand_select_chip;
if (!chip->read_byte)
chip->read_byte = busw ? nand_read_byte16 : nand_read_byte;
if (!chip->read_word)
chip->read_word = nand_read_word;
if (!chip->block_bad)
chip->block_bad = nand_block_bad;
if (!chip->block_markbad)
chip->block_markbad = nand_default_block_markbad;
if (!chip->write_buf)
chip->write_buf = busw ? nand_write_buf16 : nand_write_buf;
if (!chip->read_buf)
chip->read_buf = busw ? nand_read_buf16 : nand_read_buf;
if (!chip->verify_buf)
chip->verify_buf = busw ? nand_verify_buf16 : nand_verify_buf;
if (!chip->scan_bbt)
chip->scan_bbt = nand_default_bbt;
if (!chip->controller)
chip->controller = &chip->hwcontrol;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SYS_NAND_ONFI_DETECTION
/*
* sanitize ONFI strings so we can safely print them
*/
static void sanitize_string(char *s, size_t len)
{
ssize_t i;
/* null terminate */
s[len - 1] = 0;
/* remove non printable chars */
for (i = 0; i < len - 1; i++) {
if (s[i] < ' ' || s[i] > 127)
s[i] = '?';
}
/* remove trailing spaces */
strim(s);
}
static u16 onfi_crc16(u16 crc, u8 const *p, size_t len)
{
int i;
while (len--) {
crc ^= *p++ << 8;
for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
crc = (crc << 1) ^ ((crc & 0x8000) ? 0x8005 : 0);
}
return crc;
}
/*
* Check if the NAND chip is ONFI compliant, returns 1 if it is, 0 otherwise
*/
static int nand_flash_detect_onfi(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int *busw)
{
struct nand_onfi_params *p = &chip->onfi_params;
int i;
int val;
/* try ONFI for unknow chip or LP */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x20, -1);
if (chip->read_byte(mtd) != 'O' || chip->read_byte(mtd) != 'N' ||
chip->read_byte(mtd) != 'F' || chip->read_byte(mtd) != 'I')
return 0;
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0, "ONFI flash detected\n");
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PARAM, 0, -1);
for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, (uint8_t *)p, sizeof(*p));
if (onfi_crc16(ONFI_CRC_BASE, (uint8_t *)p, 254) ==
le16_to_cpu(p->crc)) {
MTDDEBUG(MTD_DEBUG_LEVEL0,
"ONFI param page %d valid\n", i);
break;
}
}
if (i == 3)
return 0;
/* check version */
val = le16_to_cpu(p->revision);
if (val & (1 << 5))
chip->onfi_version = 23;
else if (val & (1 << 4))
chip->onfi_version = 22;
else if (val & (1 << 3))
chip->onfi_version = 21;
else if (val & (1 << 2))
chip->onfi_version = 20;
else if (val & (1 << 1))
chip->onfi_version = 10;
else
chip->onfi_version = 0;
if (!chip->onfi_version) {
printk(KERN_INFO "%s: unsupported ONFI version: %d\n",
__func__, val);
return 0;
}
sanitize_string(p->manufacturer, sizeof(p->manufacturer));
sanitize_string(p->model, sizeof(p->model));
if (!mtd->name)
mtd->name = p->model;
mtd->writesize = le32_to_cpu(p->byte_per_page);
mtd->erasesize = le32_to_cpu(p->pages_per_block) * mtd->writesize;
mtd->oobsize = le16_to_cpu(p->spare_bytes_per_page);
chip->chipsize = (uint64_t)le32_to_cpu(p->blocks_per_lun) * mtd->erasesize;
*busw = 0;
if (le16_to_cpu(p->features) & 1)
*busw = NAND_BUSWIDTH_16;
chip->options &= ~NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
chip->options |= (NAND_NO_READRDY |
NAND_NO_AUTOINCR) & NAND_CHIPOPTIONS_MSK;
return 1;
}
#else
static inline int nand_flash_detect_onfi(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip,
int *busw)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
/*
* Get the flash and manufacturer id and lookup if the type is supported
*/
static const struct nand_flash_dev *nand_get_flash_type(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip,
int busw,
int *maf_id, int *dev_id,
const struct nand_flash_dev *type)
{
int i, maf_idx;
u8 id_data[8];
int ret;
/* Select the device */
chip->select_chip(mtd, 0);
/*
* Reset the chip, required by some chips (e.g. Micron MT29FxGxxxxx)
* after power-up
*/
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RESET, -1, -1);
/* Send the command for reading device ID */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x00, -1);
/* Read manufacturer and device IDs */
*maf_id = chip->read_byte(mtd);
*dev_id = chip->read_byte(mtd);
/* Try again to make sure, as some systems the bus-hold or other
* interface concerns can cause random data which looks like a
* possibly credible NAND flash to appear. If the two results do
* not match, ignore the device completely.
*/
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x00, -1);
for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
id_data[i] = chip->read_byte(mtd);
if (id_data[0] != *maf_id || id_data[1] != *dev_id) {
printk(KERN_INFO "%s: second ID read did not match "
"%02x,%02x against %02x,%02x\n", __func__,
*maf_id, *dev_id, id_data[0], id_data[1]);
return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
}
if (!type)
type = nand_flash_ids;
for (; type->name != NULL; type++)
if (*dev_id == type->id)
break;
chip->onfi_version = 0;
if (!type->name || !type->pagesize) {
/* Check is chip is ONFI compliant */
ret = nand_flash_detect_onfi(mtd, chip, &busw);
if (ret)
goto ident_done;
}
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READID, 0x00, -1);
/* Read entire ID string */
for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
id_data[i] = chip->read_byte(mtd);
if (!type->name)
return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
if (!mtd->name)
mtd->name = type->name;
chip->chipsize = (uint64_t)type->chipsize << 20;
if (!type->pagesize && chip->init_size) {
/* set the pagesize, oobsize, erasesize by the driver*/
busw = chip->init_size(mtd, chip, id_data);
} else if (!type->pagesize) {
int extid;
/* The 3rd id byte holds MLC / multichip data */
chip->cellinfo = id_data[2];
/* The 4th id byte is the important one */
extid = id_data[3];
/*
* Field definitions are in the following datasheets:
* Old style (4,5 byte ID): Samsung K9GAG08U0M (p.32)
* New style (6 byte ID): Samsung K9GBG08U0M (p.40)
*
* Check for wraparound + Samsung ID + nonzero 6th byte
* to decide what to do.
*/
if (id_data[0] == id_data[6] && id_data[1] == id_data[7] &&
id_data[0] == NAND_MFR_SAMSUNG &&
(chip->cellinfo & NAND_CI_CELLTYPE_MSK) &&
id_data[5] != 0x00) {
/* Calc pagesize */
mtd->writesize = 2048 << (extid & 0x03);
extid >>= 2;
/* Calc oobsize */
switch (extid & 0x03) {
case 1:
mtd->oobsize = 128;
break;
case 2:
mtd->oobsize = 218;
break;
case 3:
mtd->oobsize = 400;
break;
default:
mtd->oobsize = 436;
break;
}
extid >>= 2;
/* Calc blocksize */
mtd->erasesize = (128 * 1024) <<
(((extid >> 1) & 0x04) | (extid & 0x03));
busw = 0;