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* the_nilfs.h - the_nilfs shared structure.
* Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation.
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
* Written by Ryusuke Konishi <>
#ifndef _THE_NILFS_H
#define _THE_NILFS_H
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include "sb.h"
/* the_nilfs struct */
enum {
THE_NILFS_INIT = 0, /* Information from super_block is set */
THE_NILFS_LOADED, /* Roll-back/roll-forward has done and
the latest checkpoint was loaded */
THE_NILFS_DISCONTINUED, /* 'next' pointer chain has broken */
THE_NILFS_GC_RUNNING, /* gc process is running */
* struct the_nilfs - struct to supervise multiple nilfs mount points
* @ns_flags: flags
* @ns_count: reference count
* @ns_list: list head for nilfs_list
* @ns_bdev: block device
* @ns_bdi: backing dev info
* @ns_writer: back pointer to writable nilfs_sb_info
* @ns_sem: semaphore for shared states
* @ns_super_sem: semaphore for global operations across super block instances
* @ns_mount_mutex: mutex protecting mount process of nilfs
* @ns_writer_sem: semaphore protecting ns_writer attach/detach
* @ns_current: back pointer to current mount
* @ns_sbh: buffer heads of on-disk super blocks
* @ns_sbp: pointers to super block data
* @ns_sbwtime: previous write time of super blocks
* @ns_sbsize: size of valid data in super block
* @ns_supers: list of nilfs super block structs
* @ns_seg_seq: segment sequence counter
* @ns_segnum: index number of the latest full segment.
* @ns_nextnum: index number of the full segment index to be used next
* @ns_pseg_offset: offset of next partial segment in the current full segment
* @ns_cno: next checkpoint number
* @ns_ctime: write time of the last segment
* @ns_nongc_ctime: write time of the last segment not for cleaner operation
* @ns_ndirtyblks: Number of dirty data blocks
* @ns_last_segment_lock: lock protecting fields for the latest segment
* @ns_last_pseg: start block number of the latest segment
* @ns_last_seq: sequence value of the latest segment
* @ns_last_cno: checkpoint number of the latest segment
* @ns_prot_seq: least sequence number of segments which must not be reclaimed
* @ns_free_segments_count: counter of free segments
* @ns_segctor_sem: segment constructor semaphore
* @ns_dat: DAT file inode
* @ns_cpfile: checkpoint file inode
* @ns_sufile: segusage file inode
* @ns_gc_dat: shadow inode of the DAT file inode for GC
* @ns_gc_inodes: dummy inodes to keep live blocks
* @ns_gc_inodes_h: hash list to keep dummy inode holding live blocks
* @ns_blocksize_bits: bit length of block size
* @ns_nsegments: number of segments in filesystem
* @ns_blocks_per_segment: number of blocks per segment
* @ns_r_segments_percentage: reserved segments percentage
* @ns_nrsvsegs: number of reserved segments
* @ns_first_data_block: block number of first data block
* @ns_inode_size: size of on-disk inode
* @ns_first_ino: first not-special inode number
* @ns_crc_seed: seed value of CRC32 calculation
struct the_nilfs {
unsigned long ns_flags;
atomic_t ns_count;
struct list_head ns_list;
struct block_device *ns_bdev;
struct backing_dev_info *ns_bdi;
struct nilfs_sb_info *ns_writer;
struct rw_semaphore ns_sem;
struct rw_semaphore ns_super_sem;
struct mutex ns_mount_mutex;
struct rw_semaphore ns_writer_sem;
* components protected by ns_super_sem
struct nilfs_sb_info *ns_current;
struct list_head ns_supers;
* used for
* - loading the latest checkpoint exclusively.
* - allocating a new full segment.
* - protecting s_dirt in the super_block struct
* (see nilfs_write_super) and the following fields.
struct buffer_head *ns_sbh[2];
struct nilfs_super_block *ns_sbp[2];
time_t ns_sbwtime[2];
unsigned ns_sbsize;
unsigned ns_mount_state;
* Following fields are dedicated to a writable FS-instance.
* Except for the period seeking checkpoint, code outside the segment
* constructor must lock a segment semaphore while accessing these
* fields.
* The writable FS-instance is sole during a lifetime of the_nilfs.
u64 ns_seg_seq;
__u64 ns_segnum;
__u64 ns_nextnum;
unsigned long ns_pseg_offset;
__u64 ns_cno;
time_t ns_ctime;
time_t ns_nongc_ctime;
atomic_t ns_ndirtyblks;
* The following fields hold information on the latest partial segment
* written to disk with a super root. These fields are protected by
* ns_last_segment_lock.
spinlock_t ns_last_segment_lock;
sector_t ns_last_pseg;
u64 ns_last_seq;
__u64 ns_last_cno;
u64 ns_prot_seq;
unsigned long ns_free_segments_count;
struct rw_semaphore ns_segctor_sem;
* Following fields are lock free except for the period before
* the_nilfs is initialized.
struct inode *ns_dat;
struct inode *ns_cpfile;
struct inode *ns_sufile;
struct inode *ns_gc_dat;
/* GC inode list and hash table head */
struct list_head ns_gc_inodes;
struct hlist_head *ns_gc_inodes_h;
/* Disk layout information (static) */
unsigned int ns_blocksize_bits;
unsigned long ns_nsegments;
unsigned long ns_blocks_per_segment;
unsigned long ns_r_segments_percentage;
unsigned long ns_nrsvsegs;
unsigned long ns_first_data_block;
int ns_inode_size;
int ns_first_ino;
u32 ns_crc_seed;
#define THE_NILFS_FNS(bit, name) \
static inline void set_nilfs_##name(struct the_nilfs *nilfs) \
{ \
set_bit(THE_NILFS_##bit, &(nilfs)->ns_flags); \
} \
static inline void clear_nilfs_##name(struct the_nilfs *nilfs) \
{ \
clear_bit(THE_NILFS_##bit, &(nilfs)->ns_flags); \
} \
static inline int nilfs_##name(struct the_nilfs *nilfs) \
{ \
return test_bit(THE_NILFS_##bit, &(nilfs)->ns_flags); \
/* Minimum interval of periodical update of superblocks (in seconds) */
#define NILFS_SB_FREQ 10
#define NILFS_ALTSB_FREQ 60 /* spare superblock */
static inline int nilfs_sb_need_update(struct the_nilfs *nilfs)
u64 t = get_seconds();
return t < nilfs->ns_sbwtime[0] ||
t > nilfs->ns_sbwtime[0] + NILFS_SB_FREQ;
static inline int nilfs_altsb_need_update(struct the_nilfs *nilfs)
u64 t = get_seconds();
struct nilfs_super_block **sbp = nilfs->ns_sbp;
return sbp[1] && t > nilfs->ns_sbwtime[1] + NILFS_ALTSB_FREQ;
void nilfs_set_last_segment(struct the_nilfs *, sector_t, u64, __u64);
struct the_nilfs *find_or_create_nilfs(struct block_device *);
void put_nilfs(struct the_nilfs *);
int init_nilfs(struct the_nilfs *, struct nilfs_sb_info *, char *);
int load_nilfs(struct the_nilfs *, struct nilfs_sb_info *);
int nilfs_count_free_blocks(struct the_nilfs *, sector_t *);
struct nilfs_sb_info *nilfs_find_sbinfo(struct the_nilfs *, int, __u64);
int nilfs_checkpoint_is_mounted(struct the_nilfs *, __u64, int);
int nilfs_near_disk_full(struct the_nilfs *);
void nilfs_fall_back_super_block(struct the_nilfs *);
void nilfs_swap_super_block(struct the_nilfs *);
static inline void get_nilfs(struct the_nilfs *nilfs)
/* Caller must have at least one reference of the_nilfs. */
static inline void
nilfs_attach_writer(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, struct nilfs_sb_info *sbi)
nilfs->ns_writer = sbi;
static inline void
nilfs_detach_writer(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, struct nilfs_sb_info *sbi)
if (sbi == nilfs->ns_writer)
nilfs->ns_writer = NULL;
static inline void nilfs_put_sbinfo(struct nilfs_sb_info *sbi)
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sbi->s_count))
static inline void
nilfs_get_segment_range(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, __u64 segnum,
sector_t *seg_start, sector_t *seg_end)
*seg_start = (sector_t)nilfs->ns_blocks_per_segment * segnum;
*seg_end = *seg_start + nilfs->ns_blocks_per_segment - 1;
if (segnum == 0)
*seg_start = nilfs->ns_first_data_block;
static inline sector_t
nilfs_get_segment_start_blocknr(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, __u64 segnum)
return (segnum == 0) ? nilfs->ns_first_data_block :
(sector_t)nilfs->ns_blocks_per_segment * segnum;
static inline __u64
nilfs_get_segnum_of_block(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, sector_t blocknr)
sector_t segnum = blocknr;
sector_div(segnum, nilfs->ns_blocks_per_segment);
return segnum;
static inline void
nilfs_terminate_segment(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, sector_t seg_start,
sector_t seg_end)
/* terminate the current full segment (used in case of I/O-error) */
nilfs->ns_pseg_offset = seg_end - seg_start + 1;
static inline void nilfs_shift_to_next_segment(struct the_nilfs *nilfs)
/* move forward with a full segment */
nilfs->ns_segnum = nilfs->ns_nextnum;
nilfs->ns_pseg_offset = 0;
static inline __u64 nilfs_last_cno(struct the_nilfs *nilfs)
__u64 cno;
cno = nilfs->ns_last_cno;
return cno;
static inline int nilfs_segment_is_active(struct the_nilfs *nilfs, __u64 n)
return n == nilfs->ns_segnum || n == nilfs->ns_nextnum;
#endif /* _THE_NILFS_H */