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Getting started quick
- Select packet support in the block device section and UDF support in
the file system section.
- Compile and install kernel and modules, reboot.
- You need the udftools package (pktsetup, mkudffs, cdrwtool).
Download from
- Grab a new CD-RW disc and format it (assuming CD-RW is hdc, substitute
as appropriate):
# cdrwtool -d /dev/hdc -q
- Setup your writer
# pktsetup dev_name /dev/hdc
- Now you can mount /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name and copy files to it. Enjoy!
# mount /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name /cdrom -t udf -o rw,noatime
Packet writing for DVD-RW media
DVD-RW discs can be written to much like CD-RW discs if they are in
the so called "restricted overwrite" mode. To put a disc in restricted
overwrite mode, run:
# dvd+rw-format /dev/hdc
You can then use the disc the same way you would use a CD-RW disc:
# pktsetup dev_name /dev/hdc
# mount /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name /cdrom -t udf -o rw,noatime
Packet writing for DVD+RW media
According to the DVD+RW specification, a drive supporting DVD+RW discs
shall implement "true random writes with 2KB granularity", which means
that it should be possible to put any filesystem with a block size >=
2KB on such a disc. For example, it should be possible to do:
# dvd+rw-format /dev/hdc (only needed if the disc has never
been formatted)
# mkudffs /dev/hdc
# mount /dev/hdc /cdrom -t udf -o rw,noatime
However, some drives don't follow the specification and expect the
host to perform aligned writes at 32KB boundaries. Other drives do
follow the specification, but suffer bad performance problems if the
writes are not 32KB aligned.
Both problems can be solved by using the pktcdvd driver, which always
generates aligned writes.
# dvd+rw-format /dev/hdc
# pktsetup dev_name /dev/hdc
# mkudffs /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name
# mount /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name /cdrom -t udf -o rw,noatime
Packet writing for DVD-RAM media
DVD-RAM discs are random writable, so using the pktcdvd driver is not
necessary. However, using the pktcdvd driver can improve performance
in the same way it does for DVD+RW media.
- CD-RW media can usually not be overwritten more than about 1000
times, so to avoid unnecessary wear on the media, you should always
use the noatime mount option.
- Defect management (ie automatic remapping of bad sectors) has not
been implemented yet, so you are likely to get at least some
filesystem corruption if the disc wears out.
- Since the pktcdvd driver makes the disc appear as a regular block
device with a 2KB block size, you can put any filesystem you like on
the disc. For example, run:
# /sbin/mke2fs /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name
to create an ext2 filesystem on the disc.
Using the pktcdvd sysfs interface
Since Linux 2.6.20, the pktcdvd module has a sysfs interface
and can be controlled by it. For example the "pktcdvd" tool uses
this interface. (see )
"pktcdvd" works similar to "pktsetup", e.g.:
# pktcdvd -a dev_name /dev/hdc
# mkudffs /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name
# mount -t udf -o rw,noatime /dev/pktcdvd/dev_name /dvdram
# cp files /dvdram
# umount /dvdram
# pktcdvd -r dev_name
For a description of the sysfs interface look into the file:
Using the pktcdvd debugfs interface
To read pktcdvd device infos in human readable form, do:
# cat /sys/kernel/debug/pktcdvd/pktcdvd[0-7]/info
For a description of the debugfs interface look into the file:
See for more information
about DVD writing.