blob: 9f950917528b332b139afb6fa854c87c8d92c4d0 [file] [log] [blame]
* Copyright (C) 1995 Linus Torvalds
* Pentium III FXSR, SSE support
* Gareth Hughes <>, May 2000
* This file handles the architecture-dependent parts of process handling..
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/prctl.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/ldt.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/math_emu.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/idle.h>
#include <asm/syscalls.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <asm/switch_to.h>
#include <asm/vm86.h>
asmlinkage void ret_from_fork(void) __asm__("ret_from_fork");
asmlinkage void ret_from_kernel_thread(void) __asm__("ret_from_kernel_thread");
* Return saved PC of a blocked thread.
unsigned long thread_saved_pc(struct task_struct *tsk)
return ((unsigned long *)tsk->thread.sp)[3];
void __show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs, int all)
unsigned long cr0 = 0L, cr2 = 0L, cr3 = 0L, cr4 = 0L;
unsigned long d0, d1, d2, d3, d6, d7;
unsigned long sp;
unsigned short ss, gs;
if (user_mode(regs)) {
sp = regs->sp;
ss = regs->ss & 0xffff;
gs = get_user_gs(regs);
} else {
sp = kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
savesegment(ss, ss);
savesegment(gs, gs);
printk(KERN_DEFAULT "EIP: %04x:[<%08lx>] EFLAGS: %08lx CPU: %d\n",
(u16)regs->cs, regs->ip, regs->flags,
print_symbol("EIP is at %s\n", regs->ip);
printk(KERN_DEFAULT "EAX: %08lx EBX: %08lx ECX: %08lx EDX: %08lx\n",
regs->ax, regs->bx, regs->cx, regs->dx);
printk(KERN_DEFAULT "ESI: %08lx EDI: %08lx EBP: %08lx ESP: %08lx\n",
regs->si, regs->di, regs->bp, sp);
printk(KERN_DEFAULT " DS: %04x ES: %04x FS: %04x GS: %04x SS: %04x\n",
(u16)regs->ds, (u16)regs->es, (u16)regs->fs, gs, ss);
if (!all)
cr0 = read_cr0();
cr2 = read_cr2();
cr3 = read_cr3();
cr4 = __read_cr4_safe();
printk(KERN_DEFAULT "CR0: %08lx CR2: %08lx CR3: %08lx CR4: %08lx\n",
cr0, cr2, cr3, cr4);
get_debugreg(d0, 0);
get_debugreg(d1, 1);
get_debugreg(d2, 2);
get_debugreg(d3, 3);
get_debugreg(d6, 6);
get_debugreg(d7, 7);
/* Only print out debug registers if they are in their non-default state. */
if ((d0 == 0) && (d1 == 0) && (d2 == 0) && (d3 == 0) &&
(d6 == DR6_RESERVED) && (d7 == 0x400))
printk(KERN_DEFAULT "DR0: %08lx DR1: %08lx DR2: %08lx DR3: %08lx\n",
d0, d1, d2, d3);
printk(KERN_DEFAULT "DR6: %08lx DR7: %08lx\n",
d6, d7);
void release_thread(struct task_struct *dead_task)
int copy_thread_tls(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp,
unsigned long arg, struct task_struct *p, unsigned long tls)
struct pt_regs *childregs = task_pt_regs(p);
struct task_struct *tsk;
int err;
p->thread.sp = (unsigned long) childregs;
p->thread.sp0 = (unsigned long) (childregs+1);
memset(p->thread.ptrace_bps, 0, sizeof(p->thread.ptrace_bps));
if (unlikely(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) {
/* kernel thread */
memset(childregs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
p->thread.ip = (unsigned long) ret_from_kernel_thread;
task_user_gs(p) = __KERNEL_STACK_CANARY;
childregs->ds = __USER_DS;
childregs->es = __USER_DS;
childregs->fs = __KERNEL_PERCPU;
childregs->bx = sp; /* function */
childregs->bp = arg;
childregs->orig_ax = -1;
childregs->cs = __KERNEL_CS | get_kernel_rpl();
childregs->flags = X86_EFLAGS_IF | X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = NULL;
return 0;
*childregs = *current_pt_regs();
childregs->ax = 0;
if (sp)
childregs->sp = sp;
p->thread.ip = (unsigned long) ret_from_fork;
task_user_gs(p) = get_user_gs(current_pt_regs());
p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = NULL;
tsk = current;
err = -ENOMEM;
if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_IO_BITMAP))) {
p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = kmemdup(tsk->thread.io_bitmap_ptr,
if (!p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
return -ENOMEM;
set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_IO_BITMAP);
err = 0;
* Set a new TLS for the child thread?
if (clone_flags & CLONE_SETTLS)
err = do_set_thread_area(p, -1,
(struct user_desc __user *)tls, 0);
if (err && p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
return err;
start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long new_ip, unsigned long new_sp)
set_user_gs(regs, 0);
regs->fs = 0;
regs->ds = __USER_DS;
regs->es = __USER_DS;
regs->ss = __USER_DS;
regs->cs = __USER_CS;
regs->ip = new_ip;
regs->sp = new_sp;
regs->flags = X86_EFLAGS_IF;
* switch_to(x,y) should switch tasks from x to y.
* We fsave/fwait so that an exception goes off at the right time
* (as a call from the fsave or fwait in effect) rather than to
* the wrong process. Lazy FP saving no longer makes any sense
* with modern CPU's, and this simplifies a lot of things (SMP
* and UP become the same).
* NOTE! We used to use the x86 hardware context switching. The
* reason for not using it any more becomes apparent when you
* try to recover gracefully from saved state that is no longer
* valid (stale segment register values in particular). With the
* hardware task-switch, there is no way to fix up bad state in
* a reasonable manner.
* The fact that Intel documents the hardware task-switching to
* be slow is a fairly red herring - this code is not noticeably
* faster. However, there _is_ some room for improvement here,
* so the performance issues may eventually be a valid point.
* More important, however, is the fact that this allows us much
* more flexibility.
* The return value (in %ax) will be the "prev" task after
* the task-switch, and shows up in ret_from_fork in entry.S,
* for example.
__visible __notrace_funcgraph struct task_struct *
__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
struct thread_struct *prev = &prev_p->thread,
*next = &next_p->thread;
struct fpu *prev_fpu = &prev->fpu;
struct fpu *next_fpu = &next->fpu;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
struct tss_struct *tss = &per_cpu(cpu_tss, cpu);
fpu_switch_t fpu_switch;
/* never put a printk in __switch_to... printk() calls wake_up*() indirectly */
fpu_switch = switch_fpu_prepare(prev_fpu, next_fpu, cpu);
* Save away %gs. No need to save %fs, as it was saved on the
* stack on entry. No need to save %es and %ds, as those are
* always kernel segments while inside the kernel. Doing this
* before setting the new TLS descriptors avoids the situation
* where we temporarily have non-reloadable segments in %fs
* and %gs. This could be an issue if the NMI handler ever
* used %fs or %gs (it does not today), or if the kernel is
* running inside of a hypervisor layer.
* Load the per-thread Thread-Local Storage descriptor.
load_TLS(next, cpu);
* Restore IOPL if needed. In normal use, the flags restore
* in the switch assembly will handle this. But if the kernel
* is running virtualized at a non-zero CPL, the popf will
* not restore flags, so it must be done in a separate step.
if (get_kernel_rpl() && unlikely(prev->iopl != next->iopl))
* Now maybe handle debug registers and/or IO bitmaps
if (unlikely(task_thread_info(prev_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_PREV ||
task_thread_info(next_p)->flags & _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_NEXT))
__switch_to_xtra(prev_p, next_p, tss);
* Leave lazy mode, flushing any hypercalls made here.
* This must be done before restoring TLS segments so
* the GDT and LDT are properly updated, and must be
* done before fpu__restore(), so the TS bit is up
* to date.
* Reload esp0 and cpu_current_top_of_stack. This changes
* current_thread_info().
load_sp0(tss, next);
(unsigned long)task_stack_page(next_p) +
* Restore %gs if needed (which is common)
if (prev->gs | next->gs)
switch_fpu_finish(next_fpu, fpu_switch);
this_cpu_write(current_task, next_p);
return prev_p;