blob: e988c0019284df8e79ac8aa2b05ff11b27c96128 [file] [log] [blame]
/* Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium OS Authors. All rights reserved.
* Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
* found in the LICENSE file.
*/
#define _BSD_SOURCE
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <syscall.h>
#include <sys/capability.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/user.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "libminijail.h"
#include "libminijail-private.h"
#include "signal_handler.h"
#include "syscall_filter.h"
#include "util.h"
#ifdef HAVE_SECUREBITS_H
#include <linux/securebits.h>
#else
#define SECURE_ALL_BITS 0x15
#define SECURE_ALL_LOCKS (SECURE_ALL_BITS << 1)
#endif
/* Until these are reliably available in linux/prctl.h */
#ifndef PR_SET_SECCOMP
# define PR_SET_SECCOMP 22
#endif
#ifndef PR_ALT_SYSCALL
# define PR_ALT_SYSCALL 0x43724f53
#endif
/* For seccomp_filter using BPF. */
#ifndef PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS
# define PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS 38
#endif
#ifndef SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER
# define SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER 2 /* uses user-supplied filter. */
#endif
#ifdef USE_SECCOMP_SOFTFAIL
# define SECCOMP_SOFTFAIL 1
#else
# define SECCOMP_SOFTFAIL 0
#endif
struct mountpoint {
char *src;
char *dest;
char *type;
unsigned long flags;
struct mountpoint *next;
};
struct minijail {
/*
* WARNING: if you add a flag here you need to make sure it's
* accounted for in minijail_pre{enter|exec}() below.
*/
struct {
int uid:1;
int gid:1;
int usergroups:1;
int suppl_gids:1;
int caps:1;
int vfs:1;
int enter_vfs:1;
int pids:1;
int ipc:1;
int net:1;
int enter_net:1;
int userns:1;
int seccomp:1;
int remount_proc_ro:1;
int no_new_privs:1;
int seccomp_filter:1;
int log_seccomp_filter:1;
int chroot:1;
int pivot_root:1;
int mount_tmp:1;
int do_init:1;
int pid_file:1;
int alt_syscall:1;
} flags;
uid_t uid;
gid_t gid;
gid_t usergid;
char *user;
size_t suppl_gid_count;
gid_t *suppl_gid_list;
uint64_t caps;
pid_t initpid;
int mountns_fd;
int netns_fd;
char *chrootdir;
char *pid_file_path;
char *uidmap;
char *gidmap;
size_t filter_len;
struct sock_fprog *filter_prog;
char *alt_syscall_table;
struct mountpoint *mounts_head;
struct mountpoint *mounts_tail;
size_t mounts_count;
};
/*
* Strip out flags meant for the parent.
* We keep things that are not inherited across execve(2) (e.g. capabilities),
* or are easier to set after execve(2) (e.g. seccomp filters).
*/
void minijail_preenter(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.vfs = 0;
j->flags.enter_vfs = 0;
j->flags.remount_proc_ro = 0;
j->flags.pids = 0;
j->flags.do_init = 0;
j->flags.pid_file = 0;
}
/*
* Strip out flags meant for the child.
* We keep things that are inherited across execve(2).
*/
void minijail_preexec(struct minijail *j)
{
int vfs = j->flags.vfs;
int enter_vfs = j->flags.enter_vfs;
int remount_proc_ro = j->flags.remount_proc_ro;
int userns = j->flags.userns;
if (j->user)
free(j->user);
j->user = NULL;
if (j->suppl_gid_list)
free(j->suppl_gid_list);
j->suppl_gid_list = NULL;
memset(&j->flags, 0, sizeof(j->flags));
/* Now restore anything we meant to keep. */
j->flags.vfs = vfs;
j->flags.enter_vfs = enter_vfs;
j->flags.remount_proc_ro = remount_proc_ro;
j->flags.userns = userns;
/* Note, |pids| will already have been used before this call. */
}
/* Minijail API. */
struct minijail API *minijail_new(void)
{
return calloc(1, sizeof(struct minijail));
}
void API minijail_change_uid(struct minijail *j, uid_t uid)
{
if (uid == 0)
die("useless change to uid 0");
j->uid = uid;
j->flags.uid = 1;
}
void API minijail_change_gid(struct minijail *j, gid_t gid)
{
if (gid == 0)
die("useless change to gid 0");
j->gid = gid;
j->flags.gid = 1;
}
int API minijail_set_supplementary_gids(struct minijail *j, size_t size,
const gid_t *list)
{
if (j->flags.usergroups)
die("cannot inherit *and* set supplementary groups");
if (size == 0)
return -EINVAL;
/* Copy the gid_t array. */
j->suppl_gid_list = calloc(size, sizeof(gid_t));
if (!j->suppl_gid_list) {
return -ENOMEM;
}
for (size_t i = 0; i < size; i++) {
j->suppl_gid_list[i] = list[i];
}
j->suppl_gid_count = size;
j->flags.suppl_gids = 1;
return 0;
}
int API minijail_change_user(struct minijail *j, const char *user)
{
char *buf = NULL;
struct passwd pw;
struct passwd *ppw = NULL;
ssize_t sz = sysconf(_SC_GETPW_R_SIZE_MAX);
if (sz == -1)
sz = 65536; /* your guess is as good as mine... */
/*
* sysconf(_SC_GETPW_R_SIZE_MAX), under glibc, is documented to return
* the maximum needed size of the buffer, so we don't have to search.
*/
buf = malloc(sz);
if (!buf)
return -ENOMEM;
getpwnam_r(user, &pw, buf, sz, &ppw);
/*
* We're safe to free the buffer here. The strings inside pw point
* inside buf, but we don't use any of them; this leaves the pointers
* dangling but it's safe. ppw points at pw if getpwnam_r succeeded.
*/
free(buf);
/* getpwnam_r(3) does *not* set errno when |ppw| is NULL. */
if (!ppw)
return -1;
minijail_change_uid(j, ppw->pw_uid);
j->user = strdup(user);
if (!j->user)
return -ENOMEM;
j->usergid = ppw->pw_gid;
return 0;
}
int API minijail_change_group(struct minijail *j, const char *group)
{
char *buf = NULL;
struct group gr;
struct group *pgr = NULL;
ssize_t sz = sysconf(_SC_GETGR_R_SIZE_MAX);
if (sz == -1)
sz = 65536; /* and mine is as good as yours, really */
/*
* sysconf(_SC_GETGR_R_SIZE_MAX), under glibc, is documented to return
* the maximum needed size of the buffer, so we don't have to search.
*/
buf = malloc(sz);
if (!buf)
return -ENOMEM;
getgrnam_r(group, &gr, buf, sz, &pgr);
/*
* We're safe to free the buffer here. The strings inside gr point
* inside buf, but we don't use any of them; this leaves the pointers
* dangling but it's safe. pgr points at gr if getgrnam_r succeeded.
*/
free(buf);
/* getgrnam_r(3) does *not* set errno when |pgr| is NULL. */
if (!pgr)
return -1;
minijail_change_gid(j, pgr->gr_gid);
return 0;
}
void API minijail_use_seccomp(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.seccomp = 1;
}
void API minijail_no_new_privs(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.no_new_privs = 1;
}
void API minijail_use_seccomp_filter(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.seccomp_filter = 1;
}
void API minijail_log_seccomp_filter_failures(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.log_seccomp_filter = 1;
}
void API minijail_use_caps(struct minijail *j, uint64_t capmask)
{
j->caps = capmask;
j->flags.caps = 1;
}
void API minijail_namespace_vfs(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.vfs = 1;
}
void API minijail_namespace_enter_vfs(struct minijail *j, const char *ns_path)
{
int ns_fd = open(ns_path, O_RDONLY);
if (ns_fd < 0) {
pdie("failed to open namespace '%s'", ns_path);
}
j->mountns_fd = ns_fd;
j->flags.enter_vfs = 1;
}
void API minijail_namespace_pids(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.vfs = 1;
j->flags.remount_proc_ro = 1;
j->flags.pids = 1;
j->flags.do_init = 1;
}
void API minijail_namespace_ipc(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.ipc = 1;
}
void API minijail_namespace_net(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.net = 1;
}
void API minijail_namespace_enter_net(struct minijail *j, const char *ns_path)
{
int ns_fd = open(ns_path, O_RDONLY);
if (ns_fd < 0) {
pdie("failed to open namespace '%s'", ns_path);
}
j->netns_fd = ns_fd;
j->flags.enter_net = 1;
}
void API minijail_remount_proc_readonly(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.vfs = 1;
j->flags.remount_proc_ro = 1;
}
void API minijail_namespace_user(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.userns = 1;
}
int API minijail_uidmap(struct minijail *j, const char *uidmap)
{
j->uidmap = strdup(uidmap);
if (!j->uidmap)
return -ENOMEM;
char *ch;
for (ch = j->uidmap; *ch; ch++) {
if (*ch == ',')
*ch = '\n';
}
return 0;
}
int API minijail_gidmap(struct minijail *j, const char *gidmap)
{
j->gidmap = strdup(gidmap);
if (!j->gidmap)
return -ENOMEM;
char *ch;
for (ch = j->gidmap; *ch; ch++) {
if (*ch == ',')
*ch = '\n';
}
return 0;
}
void API minijail_inherit_usergroups(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.usergroups = 1;
}
void API minijail_run_as_init(struct minijail *j)
{
/*
* Since the jailed program will become 'init' in the new PID namespace,
* Minijail does not need to fork an 'init' process.
*/
j->flags.do_init = 0;
}
int API minijail_enter_chroot(struct minijail *j, const char *dir)
{
if (j->chrootdir)
return -EINVAL;
j->chrootdir = strdup(dir);
if (!j->chrootdir)
return -ENOMEM;
j->flags.chroot = 1;
return 0;
}
int API minijail_enter_pivot_root(struct minijail *j, const char *dir)
{
if (j->chrootdir)
return -EINVAL;
j->chrootdir = strdup(dir);
if (!j->chrootdir)
return -ENOMEM;
j->flags.pivot_root = 1;
return 0;
}
static char *append_external_path(const char *external_path,
const char *path_inside_chroot)
{
char *path;
size_t pathlen;
/* One extra char for '/' and one for '\0', hence + 2. */
pathlen = strlen(path_inside_chroot) + strlen(external_path) + 2;
path = malloc(pathlen);
snprintf(path, pathlen, "%s/%s", external_path, path_inside_chroot);
return path;
}
char API *minijail_get_original_path(struct minijail *j,
const char *path_inside_chroot)
{
struct mountpoint *b;
b = j->mounts_head;
while (b) {
/*
* If |path_inside_chroot| is the exact destination of a
* mount, then the original path is exactly the source of
* the mount.
* for example: "-b /some/path/exe,/chroot/path/exe"
* mount source = /some/path/exe, mount dest =
* /chroot/path/exe Then when getting the original path of
* "/chroot/path/exe", the source of that mount,
* "/some/path/exe" is what should be returned.
*/
if (!strcmp(b->dest, path_inside_chroot))
return strdup(b->src);
/*
* If |path_inside_chroot| is within the destination path of a
* mount, take the suffix of the chroot path relative to the
* mount destination path, and append it to the mount source
* path.
*/
if (!strncmp(b->dest, path_inside_chroot, strlen(b->dest))) {
const char *relative_path =
path_inside_chroot + strlen(b->dest);
return append_external_path(b->src, relative_path);
}
b = b->next;
}
/* If there is a chroot path, append |path_inside_chroot| to that. */
if (j->chrootdir)
return append_external_path(j->chrootdir, path_inside_chroot);
/* No chroot, so the path outside is the same as it is inside. */
return strdup(path_inside_chroot);
}
void API minijail_mount_tmp(struct minijail *j)
{
j->flags.mount_tmp = 1;
}
int API minijail_write_pid_file(struct minijail *j, const char *path)
{
j->pid_file_path = strdup(path);
if (!j->pid_file_path)
return -ENOMEM;
j->flags.pid_file = 1;
return 0;
}
int API minijail_mount(struct minijail *j, const char *src, const char *dest,
const char *type, unsigned long flags)
{
struct mountpoint *m;
if (*dest != '/')
return -EINVAL;
m = calloc(1, sizeof(*m));
if (!m)
return -ENOMEM;
m->dest = strdup(dest);
if (!m->dest)
goto error;
m->src = strdup(src);
if (!m->src)
goto error;
m->type = strdup(type);
if (!m->type)
goto error;
m->flags = flags;
info("mount %s -> %s type %s", src, dest, type);
/*
* Force vfs namespacing so the mounts don't leak out into the
* containing vfs namespace.
*/
minijail_namespace_vfs(j);
if (j->mounts_tail)
j->mounts_tail->next = m;
else
j->mounts_head = m;
j->mounts_tail = m;
j->mounts_count++;
return 0;
error:
free(m->src);
free(m->dest);
free(m);
return -ENOMEM;
}
int API minijail_bind(struct minijail *j, const char *src, const char *dest,
int writeable)
{
unsigned long flags = MS_BIND;
if (!writeable)
flags |= MS_RDONLY;
return minijail_mount(j, src, dest, "", flags);
}
void API minijail_parse_seccomp_filters(struct minijail *j, const char *path)
{
if (prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP, SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER, NULL)) {
if ((errno == ENOSYS) && SECCOMP_SOFTFAIL) {
warn("not loading seccomp filter,"
" seccomp not supported");
return;
}
}
FILE *file = fopen(path, "r");
if (!file) {
pdie("failed to open seccomp filter file '%s'", path);
}
struct sock_fprog *fprog = malloc(sizeof(struct sock_fprog));
if (compile_filter(file, fprog, j->flags.log_seccomp_filter)) {
die("failed to compile seccomp filter BPF program in '%s'",
path);
}
j->filter_len = fprog->len;
j->filter_prog = fprog;
fclose(file);
}
int API minijail_use_alt_syscall(struct minijail *j, const char *table)
{
j->alt_syscall_table = strdup(table);
if (!j->alt_syscall_table)
return -ENOMEM;
j->flags.alt_syscall = 1;
return 0;
}
struct marshal_state {
size_t available;
size_t total;
char *buf;
};
void marshal_state_init(struct marshal_state *state,
char *buf, size_t available)
{
state->available = available;
state->buf = buf;
state->total = 0;
}
void marshal_append(struct marshal_state *state,
char *src, size_t length)
{
size_t copy_len = MIN(state->available, length);
/* Up to |available| will be written. */
if (copy_len) {
memcpy(state->buf, src, copy_len);
state->buf += copy_len;
state->available -= copy_len;
}
/* |total| will contain the expected length. */
state->total += length;
}
void minijail_marshal_helper(struct marshal_state *state,
const struct minijail *j)
{
struct mountpoint *m = NULL;
marshal_append(state, (char *)j, sizeof(*j));
if (j->user)
marshal_append(state, j->user, strlen(j->user) + 1);
if (j->chrootdir)
marshal_append(state, j->chrootdir, strlen(j->chrootdir) + 1);
if (j->alt_syscall_table) {
marshal_append(state, j->alt_syscall_table,
strlen(j->alt_syscall_table) + 1);
}
if (j->flags.seccomp_filter && j->filter_prog) {
struct sock_fprog *fp = j->filter_prog;
marshal_append(state, (char *)fp->filter,
fp->len * sizeof(struct sock_filter));
}
for (m = j->mounts_head; m; m = m->next) {
marshal_append(state, m->src, strlen(m->src) + 1);
marshal_append(state, m->dest, strlen(m->dest) + 1);
marshal_append(state, m->type, strlen(m->type) + 1);
marshal_append(state, (char *)&m->flags, sizeof(m->flags));
}
}
size_t API minijail_size(const struct minijail *j)
{
struct marshal_state state;
marshal_state_init(&state, NULL, 0);
minijail_marshal_helper(&state, j);
return state.total;
}
int minijail_marshal(const struct minijail *j, char *buf, size_t available)
{
struct marshal_state state;
marshal_state_init(&state, buf, available);
minijail_marshal_helper(&state, j);
return (state.total > available);
}
/*
* consumebytes: consumes @length bytes from a buffer @buf of length @buflength
* @length Number of bytes to consume
* @buf Buffer to consume from
* @buflength Size of @buf
*
* Returns a pointer to the base of the bytes, or NULL for errors.
*/
void *consumebytes(size_t length, char **buf, size_t *buflength)
{
char *p = *buf;
if (length > *buflength)
return NULL;
*buf += length;
*buflength -= length;
return p;
}
/*
* consumestr: consumes a C string from a buffer @buf of length @length
* @buf Buffer to consume
* @length Length of buffer
*
* Returns a pointer to the base of the string, or NULL for errors.
*/
char *consumestr(char **buf, size_t *buflength)
{
size_t len = strnlen(*buf, *buflength);
if (len == *buflength)
/* There's no null-terminator. */
return NULL;
return consumebytes(len + 1, buf, buflength);
}
int minijail_unmarshal(struct minijail *j, char *serialized, size_t length)
{
size_t i;
size_t count;
int ret = -EINVAL;
if (length < sizeof(*j))
goto out;
memcpy((void *)j, serialized, sizeof(*j));
serialized += sizeof(*j);
length -= sizeof(*j);
/* Potentially stale pointers not used as signals. */
j->mounts_head = NULL;
j->mounts_tail = NULL;
j->filter_prog = NULL;
if (j->user) { /* stale pointer */
char *user = consumestr(&serialized, &length);
if (!user)
goto clear_pointers;
j->user = strdup(user);
if (!j->user)
goto clear_pointers;
}
if (j->chrootdir) { /* stale pointer */
char *chrootdir = consumestr(&serialized, &length);
if (!chrootdir)
goto bad_chrootdir;
j->chrootdir = strdup(chrootdir);
if (!j->chrootdir)
goto bad_chrootdir;
}
if (j->alt_syscall_table) { /* stale pointer */
char *alt_syscall_table = consumestr(&serialized, &length);
if (!alt_syscall_table)
goto bad_syscall_table;
j->alt_syscall_table = strdup(alt_syscall_table);
if (!j->alt_syscall_table)
goto bad_syscall_table;
}
if (j->flags.seccomp_filter && j->filter_len > 0) {
size_t ninstrs = j->filter_len;
if (ninstrs > (SIZE_MAX / sizeof(struct sock_filter)) ||
ninstrs > USHRT_MAX)
goto bad_filters;
size_t program_len = ninstrs * sizeof(struct sock_filter);
void *program = consumebytes(program_len, &serialized, &length);
if (!program)
goto bad_filters;
j->filter_prog = malloc(sizeof(struct sock_fprog));
j->filter_prog->len = ninstrs;
j->filter_prog->filter = malloc(program_len);
memcpy(j->filter_prog->filter, program, program_len);
}
count = j->mounts_count;
j->mounts_count = 0;
for (i = 0; i < count; ++i) {
unsigned long *flags;
const char *dest;
const char *type;
const char *src = consumestr(&serialized, &length);
if (!src)
goto bad_mounts;
dest = consumestr(&serialized, &length);
if (!dest)
goto bad_mounts;
type = consumestr(&serialized, &length);
if (!type)
goto bad_mounts;
flags = consumebytes(sizeof(*flags), &serialized, &length);
if (!flags)
goto bad_mounts;
if (minijail_mount(j, src, dest, type, *flags))
goto bad_mounts;
}
return 0;
bad_mounts:
if (j->flags.seccomp_filter && j->filter_len > 0) {
free(j->filter_prog->filter);
free(j->filter_prog);
}
bad_filters:
if (j->alt_syscall_table)
free(j->alt_syscall_table);
bad_syscall_table:
if (j->chrootdir)
free(j->chrootdir);
bad_chrootdir:
if (j->user)
free(j->user);
clear_pointers:
j->user = NULL;
j->chrootdir = NULL;
j->alt_syscall_table = NULL;
out:
return ret;
}
static void write_ugid_mappings(const struct minijail *j, int *pipe_fds)
{
int fd, ret, len;
size_t sz;
char fname[32];
close(pipe_fds[0]);
sz = sizeof(fname);
if (j->uidmap) {
ret = snprintf(fname, sz, "/proc/%d/uid_map", j->initpid);
if (ret < 0 || (size_t)ret >= sz)
die("failed to write file name of uid_map");
fd = open(fname, O_WRONLY);
if (fd < 0)
pdie("failed to open '%s'", fname);
len = strlen(j->uidmap);
if (write(fd, j->uidmap, len) < len)
die("failed to set uid_map");
close(fd);
}
if (j->gidmap) {
ret = snprintf(fname, sz, "/proc/%d/gid_map", j->initpid);
if (ret < 0 || (size_t)ret >= sz)
die("failed to write file name of gid_map");
fd = open(fname, O_WRONLY);
if (fd < 0)
pdie("failed to open '%s'", fname);
len = strlen(j->gidmap);
if (write(fd, j->gidmap, len) < len)
die("failed to set gid_map");
close(fd);
}
close(pipe_fds[1]);
}
static void enter_user_namespace(const struct minijail *j, int *pipe_fds)
{
char buf;
close(pipe_fds[1]);
/* Wait for parent to set up uid/gid mappings. */
if (read(pipe_fds[0], &buf, 1) != 0)
die("failed to sync with parent");
close(pipe_fds[0]);
if (j->uidmap && setresuid(0, 0, 0))
pdie("setresuid");
if (j->gidmap && setresgid(0, 0, 0))
pdie("setresgid");
}
/*
* mount_one: Applies mounts from @m for @j, recursing as needed.
* @j Minijail these mounts are for
* @m Head of list of mounts
*
* Returns 0 for success.
*/
static int mount_one(const struct minijail *j, struct mountpoint *m)
{
int ret;
char *dest;
int remount_ro = 0;
/* dest has a leading "/" */
if (asprintf(&dest, "%s%s", j->chrootdir, m->dest) < 0)
return -ENOMEM;
/*
* R/O bind mounts have to be remounted since bind and ro can't both be
* specified in the original bind mount. Remount R/O after the initial
* mount.
*/
if ((m->flags & MS_BIND) && (m->flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
remount_ro = 1;
m->flags &= ~MS_RDONLY;
}
ret = mount(m->src, dest, m->type, m->flags, NULL);
if (ret)
pdie("mount: %s -> %s", m->src, dest);
if (remount_ro) {
m->flags |= MS_RDONLY;
ret = mount(m->src, dest, NULL,
m->flags | MS_REMOUNT, NULL);
if (ret)
pdie("bind ro: %s -> %s", m->src, dest);
}
free(dest);
if (m->next)
return mount_one(j, m->next);
return ret;
}
int enter_chroot(const struct minijail *j)
{
int ret;
if (j->mounts_head && (ret = mount_one(j, j->mounts_head)))
return ret;
if (chroot(j->chrootdir))
return -errno;
if (chdir("/"))
return -errno;
return 0;
}
int enter_pivot_root(const struct minijail *j)
{
int ret, oldroot, newroot;
if (j->mounts_head && (ret = mount_one(j, j->mounts_head)))
return ret;
/*
* Keep the fd for both old and new root.
* It will be used in fchdir later.
*/
oldroot = open("/", O_DIRECTORY | O_RDONLY);
if (oldroot < 0)
pdie("failed to open / for fchdir");
newroot = open(j->chrootdir, O_DIRECTORY | O_RDONLY);
if (newroot < 0)
pdie("failed to open %s for fchdir", j->chrootdir);
/*
* To ensure chrootdir is the root of a file system,
* do a self bind mount.
*/
if (mount(j->chrootdir, j->chrootdir, "bind", MS_BIND | MS_REC, ""))
pdie("failed to bind mount '%s'", j->chrootdir);
if (chdir(j->chrootdir))
return -errno;
if (syscall(SYS_pivot_root, ".", "."))
pdie("pivot_root");
/*
* Now the old root is mounted on top of the new root. Use fchdir to
* change to the old root and unmount it.
*/
if (fchdir(oldroot))
pdie("failed to fchdir to old /");
/* The old root might be busy, so use lazy unmount. */
if (umount2(".", MNT_DETACH))
pdie("umount(/)");
/* Change back to the new root. */
if (fchdir(newroot))
return -errno;
if (chroot("/"))
return -errno;
/* Set correct CWD for getcwd(3). */
if (chdir("/"))
return -errno;
return 0;
}
int mount_tmp(void)
{
return mount("none", "/tmp", "tmpfs", 0, "size=64M,mode=777");
}
int remount_proc_readonly(const struct minijail *j)
{
const char *kProcPath = "/proc";
const unsigned int kSafeFlags = MS_NODEV | MS_NOEXEC | MS_NOSUID;
/*
* Right now, we're holding a reference to our parent's old mount of
* /proc in our namespace, which means using MS_REMOUNT here would
* mutate our parent's mount as well, even though we're in a VFS
* namespace (!). Instead, remove their mount from our namespace
* and make our own. However, if we are in a new user namespace, /proc
* is not seen as mounted, so don't return error if umount() fails.
*/
if (umount2(kProcPath, MNT_DETACH) && !j->flags.userns)
return -errno;
if (mount("", kProcPath, "proc", kSafeFlags | MS_RDONLY, ""))
return -errno;
return 0;
}
static void write_pid_file(const struct minijail *j)
{
FILE *fp = fopen(j->pid_file_path, "w");
if (!fp)
pdie("failed to open '%s'", j->pid_file_path);
if (fprintf(fp, "%d\n", (int)j->initpid) < 0)
pdie("fprintf(%s)", j->pid_file_path);
if (fclose(fp))
pdie("fclose(%s)", j->pid_file_path);
}
void drop_ugid(const struct minijail *j)
{
if (j->flags.usergroups && j->flags.suppl_gids) {
die("tried to inherit *and* set supplementary groups;"
" can only do one");
}
if (j->flags.usergroups) {
if (initgroups(j->user, j->usergid))
pdie("initgroups");
} else if (j->flags.suppl_gids) {
if (setgroups(j->suppl_gid_count, j->suppl_gid_list)) {
pdie("setgroups");
}
} else {
/*
* Only attempt to clear supplementary groups if we are changing
* users.
*/
if ((j->uid || j->gid) && setgroups(0, NULL))
pdie("setgroups");
}
if (j->flags.gid && setresgid(j->gid, j->gid, j->gid))
pdie("setresgid");
if (j->flags.uid && setresuid(j->uid, j->uid, j->uid))
pdie("setresuid");
}
/*
* We specifically do not use cap_valid() as that only tells us the last
* valid cap we were *compiled* against (i.e. what the version of kernel
* headers says). If we run on a different kernel version, then it's not
* uncommon for that to be less (if an older kernel) or more (if a newer
* kernel). So suck up the answer via /proc.
*/
static unsigned int get_last_valid_cap()
{
const char cap_file[] = "/proc/sys/kernel/cap_last_cap";
FILE *fp = fopen(cap_file, "re");
unsigned int last_valid_cap;
if (fscanf(fp, "%u", &last_valid_cap) != 1)
pdie("fscanf(%s)", cap_file);
fclose(fp);
return last_valid_cap;
}
void drop_caps(const struct minijail *j, unsigned int last_valid_cap)
{
cap_t caps = cap_get_proc();
cap_value_t flag[1];
const uint64_t one = 1;
unsigned int i;
if (!caps)
die("can't get process caps");
if (cap_clear_flag(caps, CAP_INHERITABLE))
die("can't clear inheritable caps");
if (cap_clear_flag(caps, CAP_EFFECTIVE))
die("can't clear effective caps");
if (cap_clear_flag(caps, CAP_PERMITTED))
die("can't clear permitted caps");
for (i = 0; i < sizeof(j->caps) * 8 && i <= last_valid_cap; ++i) {
/* Keep CAP_SETPCAP for dropping bounding set bits. */
if (i != CAP_SETPCAP && !(j->caps & (one << i)))
continue;
flag[0] = i;
if (cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_EFFECTIVE, 1, flag, CAP_SET))
die("can't add effective cap");
if (cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_PERMITTED, 1, flag, CAP_SET))
die("can't add permitted cap");
if (cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_INHERITABLE, 1, flag, CAP_SET))
die("can't add inheritable cap");
}
if (cap_set_proc(caps))
die("can't apply initial cleaned capset");
/*
* Instead of dropping bounding set first, do it here in case
* the caller had a more permissive bounding set which could
* have been used above to raise a capability that wasn't already
* present. This requires CAP_SETPCAP, so we raised/kept it above.
*/
for (i = 0; i < sizeof(j->caps) * 8 && i <= last_valid_cap; ++i) {
if (j->caps & (one << i))
continue;
if (prctl(PR_CAPBSET_DROP, i))
pdie("prctl(PR_CAPBSET_DROP)");
}
/* If CAP_SETPCAP wasn't specifically requested, now we remove it. */
if ((j->caps & (one << CAP_SETPCAP)) == 0) {
flag[0] = CAP_SETPCAP;
if (cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_EFFECTIVE, 1, flag, CAP_CLEAR))
die("can't clear effective cap");
if (cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_PERMITTED, 1, flag, CAP_CLEAR))
die("can't clear permitted cap");
if (cap_set_flag(caps, CAP_INHERITABLE, 1, flag, CAP_CLEAR))
die("can't clear inheritable cap");
}
if (cap_set_proc(caps))
die("can't apply final cleaned capset");
cap_free(caps);
}
void set_seccomp_filter(const struct minijail *j)
{
/*
* Set no_new_privs. See </kernel/seccomp.c> and </kernel/sys.c>
* in the kernel source tree for an explanation of the parameters.
*/
if (j->flags.no_new_privs) {
if (prctl(PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS, 1, 0, 0, 0))
pdie("prctl(PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS)");
}
/*
* If we're logging seccomp filter failures,
* install the SIGSYS handler first.
*/
if (j->flags.seccomp_filter && j->flags.log_seccomp_filter) {
if (install_sigsys_handler())
pdie("install SIGSYS handler");
warn("logging seccomp filter failures");
}
/*
* Install the syscall filter.
*/
if (j->flags.seccomp_filter) {
if (prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP, SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER,
j->filter_prog)) {
if ((errno == ENOSYS) && SECCOMP_SOFTFAIL) {
warn("seccomp not supported");
return;
}
pdie("prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP, SECCOMP_MODE_FILTER)");
}
}
}
void API minijail_enter(const struct minijail *j)
{
/*
* Get the last valid cap from /proc, since /proc can be unmounted
* before drop_caps().
*/
unsigned int last_valid_cap = get_last_valid_cap();
if (j->flags.pids)
die("tried to enter a pid-namespaced jail;"
" try minijail_run()?");
if (j->flags.usergroups && !j->user)
die("usergroup inheritance without username");
/*
* We can't recover from failures if we've dropped privileges partially,
* so we don't even try. If any of our operations fail, we abort() the
* entire process.
*/
if (j->flags.enter_vfs && setns(j->mountns_fd, CLONE_NEWNS))
pdie("setns(CLONE_NEWNS)");
if (j->flags.vfs) {
if (unshare(CLONE_NEWNS))
pdie("unshare(vfs)");
/*
* Remount all filesystems as private. If they are shared
* new bind mounts will creep out of our namespace.
* https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/sharedsubtree.txt
*/
if (mount(NULL, "/", NULL, MS_REC | MS_PRIVATE, NULL))
pdie("mount(/, private)");
}
if (j->flags.ipc && unshare(CLONE_NEWIPC)) {
pdie("unshare(ipc)");
}
if (j->flags.enter_net) {
if (setns(j->netns_fd, CLONE_NEWNET))
pdie("setns(CLONE_NEWNET)");
} else if (j->flags.net && unshare(CLONE_NEWNET)) {
pdie("unshare(net)");
}
if (j->flags.chroot && enter_chroot(j))
pdie("chroot");
if (j->flags.pivot_root && enter_pivot_root(j))
pdie("pivot_root");
if (j->flags.mount_tmp && mount_tmp())
pdie("mount_tmp");
if (j->flags.remount_proc_ro && remount_proc_readonly(j))
pdie("remount");
if (j->flags.caps) {
/*
* POSIX capabilities are a bit tricky. If we drop our
* capability to change uids, our attempt to use setuid()
* below will fail. Hang on to root caps across setuid(), then
* lock securebits.
*/
if (prctl(PR_SET_KEEPCAPS, 1))
pdie("prctl(PR_SET_KEEPCAPS)");
if (prctl
(PR_SET_SECUREBITS, SECURE_ALL_BITS | SECURE_ALL_LOCKS))
pdie("prctl(PR_SET_SECUREBITS)");
}
/*
* If we're setting no_new_privs, we can drop privileges
* before setting seccomp filter. This way filter policies
* don't need to allow privilege-dropping syscalls.
*/
if (j->flags.no_new_privs) {
drop_ugid(j);
if (j->flags.caps)
drop_caps(j, last_valid_cap);
set_seccomp_filter(j);
} else {
/*
* If we're not setting no_new_privs,
* we need to set seccomp filter *before* dropping privileges.
* WARNING: this means that filter policies *must* allow
* setgroups()/setresgid()/setresuid() for dropping root and
* capget()/capset()/prctl() for dropping caps.
*/
set_seccomp_filter(j);
drop_ugid(j);
if (j->flags.caps)
drop_caps(j, last_valid_cap);
}
/*
* Select the specified alternate syscall table. The table must not
* block prctl(2) if we're using seccomp as well.
*/
if (j->flags.alt_syscall) {
if (prctl(PR_ALT_SYSCALL, 1, j->alt_syscall_table))
pdie("prctl(PR_ALT_SYSCALL)");
}
/*
* seccomp has to come last since it cuts off all the other
* privilege-dropping syscalls :)
*/
if (j->flags.seccomp && prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP, 1)) {
if ((errno == ENOSYS) && SECCOMP_SOFTFAIL) {
warn("seccomp not supported");
return;
}
pdie("prctl(PR_SET_SECCOMP)");
}
}
/* TODO(wad) will visibility affect this variable? */
static int init_exitstatus = 0;
void init_term(int __attribute__ ((unused)) sig)
{
_exit(init_exitstatus);
}
int init(pid_t rootpid)
{
pid_t pid;
int status;
/* so that we exit with the right status */
signal(SIGTERM, init_term);
/* TODO(wad) self jail with seccomp_filters here. */
while ((pid = wait(&status)) > 0) {
/*
* This loop will only end when either there are no processes
* left inside our pid namespace or we get a signal.
*/
if (pid == rootpid)
init_exitstatus = status;
}
if (!WIFEXITED(init_exitstatus))
_exit(MINIJAIL_ERR_INIT);
_exit(WEXITSTATUS(init_exitstatus));
}
int API minijail_from_fd(int fd, struct minijail *j)
{
size_t sz = 0;
size_t bytes = read(fd, &sz, sizeof(sz));
char *buf;
int r;
if (sizeof(sz) != bytes)
return -EINVAL;
if (sz > USHRT_MAX) /* arbitrary sanity check */
return -E2BIG;
buf = malloc(sz);
if (!buf)
return -ENOMEM;
bytes = read(fd, buf, sz);
if (bytes != sz) {
free(buf);
return -EINVAL;
}
r = minijail_unmarshal(j, buf, sz);
free(buf);
return r;
}
int API minijail_to_fd(struct minijail *j, int fd)
{
char *buf;
size_t sz = minijail_size(j);
ssize_t written;
int r;
if (!sz)
return -EINVAL;
buf = malloc(sz);
r = minijail_marshal(j, buf, sz);
if (r) {
free(buf);
return r;
}
/* Sends [size][minijail]. */
written = write(fd, &sz, sizeof(sz));
if (written != sizeof(sz)) {
free(buf);
return -EFAULT;
}
written = write(fd, buf, sz);
if (written < 0 || (size_t) written != sz) {
free(buf);
return -EFAULT;
}
free(buf);
return 0;
}
int setup_preload(void)
{
#if defined(__ANDROID__)
/* Don't use LDPRELOAD on Brillo. */
return 0;
#else
char *oldenv = getenv(kLdPreloadEnvVar) ? : "";
char *newenv = malloc(strlen(oldenv) + 2 + strlen(PRELOADPATH));
if (!newenv)
return -ENOMEM;
/* Only insert a separating space if we have something to separate... */
sprintf(newenv, "%s%s%s", oldenv, strlen(oldenv) ? " " : "",
PRELOADPATH);
/* setenv() makes a copy of the string we give it. */
setenv(kLdPreloadEnvVar, newenv, 1);
free(newenv);
return 0;
#endif
}
int setup_pipe(int fds[2])
{
int r = pipe(fds);
char fd_buf[11];
if (r)
return r;
r = snprintf(fd_buf, sizeof(fd_buf), "%d", fds[0]);
if (r <= 0)
return -EINVAL;
setenv(kFdEnvVar, fd_buf, 1);
return 0;
}
int setup_pipe_end(int fds[2], size_t index)
{
if (index > 1)
return -1;
close(fds[1 - index]);
return fds[index];
}
int setup_and_dupe_pipe_end(int fds[2], size_t index, int fd)
{
if (index > 1)
return -1;
close(fds[1 - index]);
/* dup2(2) the corresponding end of the pipe into |fd|. */
return dup2(fds[index], fd);
}
int minijail_run_internal(struct minijail *j, const char *filename,
char *const argv[], pid_t *pchild_pid,
int *pstdin_fd, int *pstdout_fd, int *pstderr_fd,
int use_preload);
int API minijail_run(struct minijail *j, const char *filename,
char *const argv[])
{
return minijail_run_internal(j, filename, argv, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
true);
}
int API minijail_run_pid(struct minijail *j, const char *filename,
char *const argv[], pid_t *pchild_pid)
{
return minijail_run_internal(j, filename, argv, pchild_pid,
NULL, NULL, NULL, true);
}
int API minijail_run_pipe(struct minijail *j, const char *filename,
char *const argv[], int *pstdin_fd)
{
return minijail_run_internal(j, filename, argv, NULL, pstdin_fd,
NULL, NULL, true);
}
int API minijail_run_pid_pipes(struct minijail *j, const char *filename,
char *const argv[], pid_t *pchild_pid,
int *pstdin_fd, int *pstdout_fd, int *pstderr_fd)
{
return minijail_run_internal(j, filename, argv, pchild_pid,
pstdin_fd, pstdout_fd, pstderr_fd, true);
}
int API minijail_run_no_preload(struct minijail *j, const char *filename,
char *const argv[])
{
return minijail_run_internal(j, filename, argv, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
false);
}
int API minijail_run_pid_pipes_no_preload(struct minijail *j,
const char *filename,
char *const argv[],
pid_t *pchild_pid,
int *pstdin_fd, int *pstdout_fd,
int *pstderr_fd) {
return minijail_run_internal(j, filename, argv, pchild_pid,
pstdin_fd, pstdout_fd, pstderr_fd, false);
}
int minijail_run_internal(struct minijail *j, const char *filename,
char *const argv[], pid_t *pchild_pid,
int *pstdin_fd, int *pstdout_fd, int *pstderr_fd,
int use_preload)
{
char *oldenv, *oldenv_copy = NULL;
pid_t child_pid;
int pipe_fds[2];
int stdin_fds[2];
int stdout_fds[2];
int stderr_fds[2];
int userns_pipe_fds[2];
int ret;
/* We need to remember this across the minijail_preexec() call. */
int pid_namespace = j->flags.pids;
int do_init = j->flags.do_init;
if (use_preload) {
oldenv = getenv(kLdPreloadEnvVar);
if (oldenv) {
oldenv_copy = strdup(oldenv);
if (!oldenv_copy)
return -ENOMEM;
}
if (setup_preload())
return -EFAULT;
}
if (!use_preload) {
if (j->flags.caps)
die("Capabilities are not supported without "
"LD_PRELOAD");
}
/*
* Make the process group ID of this process equal to its PID, so that
* both the Minijail process and the jailed process can be killed
* together.
* Don't fail on EPERM, since setpgid(0, 0) can only EPERM when
* the process is already a process group leader.
*/
if (setpgid(0 /* use calling PID */, 0 /* make PGID = PID */)) {
if (errno != EPERM) {
pdie("setpgid(0, 0)");
}
}
if (use_preload) {
/*
* Before we fork(2) and execve(2) the child process, we need
* to open a pipe(2) to send the minijail configuration over.
*/
if (setup_pipe(pipe_fds))
return -EFAULT;
}
/*
* If we want to write to the child process' standard input,
* create the pipe(2) now.
*/
if (pstdin_fd) {
if (pipe(stdin_fds))
return -EFAULT;
}
/*
* If we want to read from the child process' standard output,
* create the pipe(2) now.
*/
if (pstdout_fd) {
if (pipe(stdout_fds))
return -EFAULT;
}
/*
* If we want to read from the child process' standard error,
* create the pipe(2) now.
*/
if (pstderr_fd) {
if (pipe(stderr_fds))
return -EFAULT;
}
/*
* If we want to set up a new uid/gid mapping in the user namespace,
* create the pipe(2) to sync between parent and child.
*/
if (j->flags.userns) {
if (pipe(userns_pipe_fds))
return -EFAULT;
}
/*
* Use sys_clone() if and only if we're creating a pid namespace.
*
* tl;dr: WARNING: do not mix pid namespaces and multithreading.
*
* In multithreaded programs, there are a bunch of locks inside libc,
* some of which may be held by other threads at the time that we call
* minijail_run_pid(). If we call fork(), glibc does its level best to
* ensure that we hold all of these locks before it calls clone()
* internally and drop them after clone() returns, but when we call
* sys_clone(2) directly, all that gets bypassed and we end up with a
* child address space where some of libc's important locks are held by
* other threads (which did not get cloned, and hence will never release
* those locks). This is okay so long as we call exec() immediately
* after, but a bunch of seemingly-innocent libc functions like setenv()
* take locks.
*
* Hence, only call sys_clone() if we need to, in order to get at pid
* namespacing. If we follow this path, the child's address space might
* have broken locks; you may only call functions that do not acquire
* any locks.
*
* Unfortunately, fork() acquires every lock it can get its hands on, as
* previously detailed, so this function is highly likely to deadlock
* later on (see "deadlock here") if we're multithreaded.
*
* We might hack around this by having the clone()d child (init of the
* pid namespace) return directly, rather than leaving the clone()d
* process hanging around to be init for the new namespace (and having
* its fork()ed child return in turn), but that process would be crippled
* with its libc locks potentially broken. We might try fork()ing in the
* parent before we clone() to ensure that we own all the locks, but
* then we have to have the forked child hanging around consuming
* resources (and possibly having file descriptors / shared memory
* regions / etc attached). We'd need to keep the child around to avoid
* having its children get reparented to init.
*
* TODO(ellyjones): figure out if the "forked child hanging around"
* problem is fixable or not. It would be nice if we worked in this
* case.
*/
if (pid_namespace) {
int clone_flags = CLONE_NEWPID | SIGCHLD;
if (j->flags.userns)
clone_flags |= CLONE_NEWUSER;
child_pid = syscall(SYS_clone, clone_flags, NULL);
} else {
child_pid = fork();
}
if (child_pid < 0) {
if (use_preload) {
free(oldenv_copy);
}
die("failed to fork child");
}
if (child_pid) {
if (use_preload) {
/* Restore parent's LD_PRELOAD. */
if (oldenv_copy) {
setenv(kLdPreloadEnvVar, oldenv_copy, 1);
free(oldenv_copy);
} else {
unsetenv(kLdPreloadEnvVar);
}
unsetenv(kFdEnvVar);
}
j->initpid = child_pid;
if (j->flags.pid_file)
write_pid_file(j);
if (j->flags.userns)
write_ugid_mappings(j, userns_pipe_fds);
if (use_preload) {
/* Send marshalled minijail. */
close(pipe_fds[0]); /* read endpoint */
ret = minijail_to_fd(j, pipe_fds[1]);
close(pipe_fds[1]); /* write endpoint */
if (ret) {
kill(j->initpid, SIGKILL);
die("failed to send marshalled minijail");
}
}
if (pchild_pid)
*pchild_pid = child_pid;
/*
* If we want to write to the child process' standard input,
* set up the write end of the pipe.
*/
if (pstdin_fd)
*pstdin_fd = setup_pipe_end(stdin_fds,
1 /* write end */);
/*
* If we want to read from the child process' standard output,
* set up the read end of the pipe.
*/
if (pstdout_fd)
*pstdout_fd = setup_pipe_end(stdout_fds,
0 /* read end */);
/*
* If we want to read from the child process' standard error,
* set up the read end of the pipe.
*/
if (pstderr_fd)
*pstderr_fd = setup_pipe_end(stderr_fds,
0 /* read end */);
return 0;
}
free(oldenv_copy);
if (j->flags.userns)
enter_user_namespace(j, userns_pipe_fds);
/*
* If we want to write to the jailed process' standard input,
* set up the read end of the pipe.
*/
if (pstdin_fd) {
if (setup_and_dupe_pipe_end(stdin_fds, 0 /* read end */,
STDIN_FILENO) < 0)
die("failed to set up stdin pipe");
}
/*
* If we want to read from the jailed process' standard output,
* set up the write end of the pipe.
*/
if (pstdout_fd) {
if (setup_and_dupe_pipe_end(stdout_fds, 1 /* write end */,
STDOUT_FILENO) < 0)
die("failed to set up stdout pipe");
}
/*
* If we want to read from the jailed process' standard error,
* set up the write end of the pipe.
*/
if (pstderr_fd) {
if (setup_and_dupe_pipe_end(stderr_fds, 1 /* write end */,
STDERR_FILENO) < 0)
die("failed to set up stderr pipe");
}
/* If running an init program, let it decide when/how to mount /proc. */
if (pid_namespace && !do_init)
j->flags.remount_proc_ro = 0;
if (use_preload) {
/* Strip out flags that cannot be inherited across execve(2). */
minijail_preexec(j);
} else {
j->flags.pids = 0;
}
/* Jail this process, then execve() the target. */
minijail_enter(j);
if (pid_namespace && do_init) {
/*
* pid namespace: this process will become init inside the new
* namespace. We don't want all programs we might exec to have
* to know how to be init. Normally (do_init == 1) we fork off
* a child to actually run the program. If |do_init == 0|, we
* let the program keep pid 1 and be init.
*
* If we're multithreaded, we'll probably deadlock here. See
* WARNING above.
*/
child_pid = fork();
if (child_pid < 0)
_exit(child_pid);
else if (child_pid > 0)
init(child_pid); /* never returns */
}
/*
* If we aren't pid-namespaced, or the jailed program asked to be init:
* calling process
* -> execve()-ing process
* If we are:
* calling process
* -> init()-ing process
* -> execve()-ing process
*/
_exit(execve(filename, argv, environ));
}
int API minijail_kill(struct minijail *j)
{
int st;
if (kill(j->initpid, SIGTERM))
return -errno;
if (waitpid(j->initpid, &st, 0) < 0)
return -errno;
return st;
}
int API minijail_wait(struct minijail *j)
{
int st;
if (waitpid(j->initpid, &st, 0) < 0)
return -errno;
if (!WIFEXITED(st)) {
int error_status = st;
if (WIFSIGNALED(st)) {
int signum = WTERMSIG(st);
warn("child process %d received signal %d",
j->initpid, signum);
/*
* We return MINIJAIL_ERR_JAIL if the process received
* SIGSYS, which happens when a syscall is blocked by
* seccomp filters.
* If not, we do what bash(1) does:
* $? = 128 + signum
*/
if (signum == SIGSYS) {
error_status = MINIJAIL_ERR_JAIL;
} else {
error_status = 128 + signum;
}
}
return error_status;
}
int exit_status = WEXITSTATUS(st);
if (exit_status != 0)
info("child process %d exited with status %d",
j->initpid, exit_status);
return exit_status;
}
void API minijail_destroy(struct minijail *j)
{
if (j->flags.seccomp_filter && j->filter_prog) {
free(j->filter_prog->filter);
free(j->filter_prog);
}
while (j->mounts_head) {
struct mountpoint *m = j->mounts_head;
j->mounts_head = j->mounts_head->next;
free(m->type);
free(m->dest);
free(m->src);
free(m);
}
j->mounts_tail = NULL;
if (j->user)
free(j->user);
if (j->suppl_gid_list)
free(j->suppl_gid_list);
if (j->chrootdir)
free(j->chrootdir);
if (j->alt_syscall_table)
free(j->alt_syscall_table);
free(j);
}