blob: 79b47cbb5cd82e8e89bf96de095bf76bcd2c0c47 [file] [log] [blame]
* Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <>
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
* any later version.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; see the file COPYING. If not, write to
* the Free Software Foundation, 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
#include <linux/dcache.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h>
#include "fsnotify.h"
* Clear all of the marks on an inode when it is being evicted from core
void __fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode)
void __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt)
* Given an inode, first check if we care what happens to our children. Inotify
* and dnotify both tell their parents about events. If we care about any event
* on a child we run all of our children and set a dentry flag saying that the
* parent cares. Thus when an event happens on a child it can quickly tell if
* if there is a need to find a parent and send the event to the parent.
void __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags(struct inode *inode)
struct dentry *alias;
int watched;
if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
/* determine if the children should tell inode about their events */
watched = fsnotify_inode_watches_children(inode);
/* run all of the dentries associated with this inode. Since this is a
* directory, there damn well better only be one item on this list */
list_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_alias) {
struct dentry *child;
/* run all of the children of the original inode and fix their
* d_flags to indicate parental interest (their parent is the
* original inode) */
list_for_each_entry(child, &alias->d_subdirs, d_u.d_child) {
if (!child->d_inode)
spin_lock_nested(&child->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED);
if (watched)
/* Notify this dentry's parent about a child's events. */
int __fsnotify_parent(struct path *path, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask)
struct dentry *parent;
struct inode *p_inode;
int ret = 0;
if (!dentry)
dentry = path->dentry;
if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED))
return 0;
parent = dget_parent(dentry);
p_inode = parent->d_inode;
if (unlikely(!fsnotify_inode_watches_children(p_inode)))
else if (p_inode->i_fsnotify_mask & mask) {
/* we are notifying a parent so come up with the new mask which
* specifies these are events which came from a child. */
if (path)
ret = fsnotify(p_inode, mask, path, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH,
dentry->, 0);
ret = fsnotify(p_inode, mask, dentry->d_inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE,
dentry->, 0);
return ret;
static int send_to_group(struct inode *to_tell, struct vfsmount *mnt,
struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark,
struct fsnotify_mark *vfsmount_mark,
__u32 mask, void *data,
int data_is, u32 cookie,
const unsigned char *file_name,
struct fsnotify_event **event)
struct fsnotify_group *group = NULL;
__u32 inode_test_mask = 0;
__u32 vfsmount_test_mask = 0;
if (unlikely(!inode_mark && !vfsmount_mark)) {
return 0;
/* clear ignored on inode modification */
if (mask & FS_MODIFY) {
if (inode_mark &&
inode_mark->ignored_mask = 0;
if (vfsmount_mark &&
vfsmount_mark->ignored_mask = 0;
/* does the inode mark tell us to do something? */
if (inode_mark) {
group = inode_mark->group;
inode_test_mask = (mask & ~FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD);
inode_test_mask &= inode_mark->mask;
inode_test_mask &= ~inode_mark->ignored_mask;
/* does the vfsmount_mark tell us to do something? */
if (vfsmount_mark) {
vfsmount_test_mask = (mask & ~FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD);
group = vfsmount_mark->group;
vfsmount_test_mask &= vfsmount_mark->mask;
vfsmount_test_mask &= ~vfsmount_mark->ignored_mask;
if (inode_mark)
vfsmount_test_mask &= ~inode_mark->ignored_mask;
pr_debug("%s: group=%p to_tell=%p mnt=%p mask=%x inode_mark=%p"
" inode_test_mask=%x vfsmount_mark=%p vfsmount_test_mask=%x"
" data=%p data_is=%d cookie=%d event=%p\n",
__func__, group, to_tell, mnt, mask, inode_mark,
inode_test_mask, vfsmount_mark, vfsmount_test_mask, data,
data_is, cookie, *event);
if (!inode_test_mask && !vfsmount_test_mask)
return 0;
if (group->ops->should_send_event(group, to_tell, inode_mark,
vfsmount_mark, mask, data,
data_is) == false)
return 0;
if (!*event) {
*event = fsnotify_create_event(to_tell, mask, data,
data_is, file_name,
cookie, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!*event)
return -ENOMEM;
return group->ops->handle_event(group, inode_mark, vfsmount_mark, *event);
* This is the main call to fsnotify. The VFS calls into hook specific functions
* in linux/fsnotify.h. Those functions then in turn call here. Here will call
* out to all of the registered fsnotify_group. Those groups can then use the
* notification event in whatever means they feel necessary.
int fsnotify(struct inode *to_tell, __u32 mask, void *data, int data_is,
const unsigned char *file_name, u32 cookie)
struct hlist_node *inode_node = NULL, *vfsmount_node = NULL;
struct fsnotify_mark *inode_mark = NULL, *vfsmount_mark = NULL;
struct fsnotify_group *inode_group, *vfsmount_group;
struct fsnotify_event *event = NULL;
struct vfsmount *mnt;
int idx, ret = 0;
/* global tests shouldn't care about events on child only the specific event */
__u32 test_mask = (mask & ~FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD);
if (data_is == FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH)
mnt = ((struct path *)data)->mnt;
mnt = NULL;
* if this is a modify event we may need to clear the ignored masks
* otherwise return if neither the inode nor the vfsmount care about
* this type of event.
if (!(mask & FS_MODIFY) &&
!(test_mask & to_tell->i_fsnotify_mask) &&
!(mnt && test_mask & mnt->mnt_fsnotify_mask))
return 0;
idx = srcu_read_lock(&fsnotify_mark_srcu);
if ((mask & FS_MODIFY) ||
(test_mask & to_tell->i_fsnotify_mask))
inode_node = srcu_dereference(to_tell->i_fsnotify_marks.first,
if (mnt && ((mask & FS_MODIFY) ||
(test_mask & mnt->mnt_fsnotify_mask))) {
vfsmount_node = srcu_dereference(mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks.first,
inode_node = srcu_dereference(to_tell->i_fsnotify_marks.first,
while (inode_node || vfsmount_node) {
inode_group = vfsmount_group = NULL;
if (inode_node) {
inode_mark = hlist_entry(srcu_dereference(inode_node, &fsnotify_mark_srcu),
struct fsnotify_mark, i.i_list);
inode_group = inode_mark->group;
if (vfsmount_node) {
vfsmount_mark = hlist_entry(srcu_dereference(vfsmount_node, &fsnotify_mark_srcu),
struct fsnotify_mark, m.m_list);
vfsmount_group = vfsmount_mark->group;
if (inode_group > vfsmount_group) {
/* handle inode */
ret = send_to_group(to_tell, NULL, inode_mark, NULL, mask, data,
data_is, cookie, file_name, &event);
/* we didn't use the vfsmount_mark */
vfsmount_group = NULL;
} else if (vfsmount_group > inode_group) {
ret = send_to_group(to_tell, mnt, NULL, vfsmount_mark, mask, data,
data_is, cookie, file_name, &event);
inode_group = NULL;
} else {
ret = send_to_group(to_tell, mnt, inode_mark, vfsmount_mark,
mask, data, data_is, cookie, file_name,
if (ret && (mask & ALL_FSNOTIFY_PERM_EVENTS))
goto out;
if (inode_group)
inode_node = srcu_dereference(inode_node->next,
if (vfsmount_group)
vfsmount_node = srcu_dereference(vfsmount_node->next,
ret = 0;
srcu_read_unlock(&fsnotify_mark_srcu, idx);
* fsnotify_create_event() took a reference so the event can't be cleaned
* up while we are still trying to add it to lists, drop that one.
if (event)
return ret;
static __init int fsnotify_init(void)
int ret;
BUG_ON(hweight32(ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS) != 23);
ret = init_srcu_struct(&fsnotify_mark_srcu);
if (ret)
panic("initializing fsnotify_mark_srcu");
return 0;