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* Copyright © 1999-2010 David Woodhouse <> et al.
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
#ifndef __MTD_ABI_H__
#define __MTD_ABI_H__
#include <linux/types.h>
struct erase_info_user {
__u32 start;
__u32 length;
struct erase_info_user64 {
__u64 start;
__u64 length;
struct mtd_oob_buf {
__u32 start;
__u32 length;
unsigned char __user *ptr;
struct mtd_oob_buf64 {
__u64 start;
__u32 pad;
__u32 length;
__u64 usr_ptr;
* MTD operation modes
* @MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB: OOB data are placed at the given offset (default)
* @MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB: OOB data are automatically placed at the free areas
* which are defined by the internal ecclayout
* @MTD_OPS_RAW: data are transferred as-is, with no error correction;
* this mode implies %MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB
* These modes can be passed to ioctl(MEMWRITE) and are also used internally.
* See notes on "MTD file modes" for discussion on %MTD_OPS_RAW vs.
enum {
* struct mtd_write_req - data structure for requesting a write operation
* @start: start address
* @len: length of data buffer
* @ooblen: length of OOB buffer
* @usr_data: user-provided data buffer
* @usr_oob: user-provided OOB buffer
* @mode: MTD mode (see "MTD operation modes")
* @padding: reserved, must be set to 0
* This structure supports ioctl(MEMWRITE) operations, allowing data and/or OOB
* writes in various modes. To write to OOB-only, set @usr_data == NULL, and to
* write data-only, set @usr_oob == NULL. However, setting both @usr_data and
* @usr_oob to NULL is not allowed.
struct mtd_write_req {
__u64 start;
__u64 len;
__u64 ooblen;
__u64 usr_data;
__u64 usr_oob;
__u8 mode;
__u8 padding[7];
#define MTD_ABSENT 0
#define MTD_RAM 1
#define MTD_ROM 2
#define MTD_NORFLASH 3
#define MTD_WRITEABLE 0x400 /* Device is writeable */
#define MTD_BIT_WRITEABLE 0x800 /* Single bits can be flipped */
#define MTD_NO_ERASE 0x1000 /* No erase necessary */
#define MTD_POWERUP_LOCK 0x2000 /* Always locked after reset */
/* Some common devices / combinations of capabilities */
#define MTD_CAP_ROM 0
/* Obsolete ECC byte placement modes (used with obsolete MEMGETOOBSEL) */
#define MTD_NANDECC_OFF 0 // Switch off ECC (Not recommended)
#define MTD_NANDECC_PLACE 1 // Use the given placement in the structure (YAFFS1 legacy mode)
#define MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPLACE 2 // Use the default placement scheme
#define MTD_NANDECC_PLACEONLY 3 // Use the given placement in the structure (Do not store ecc result on read)
#define MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPL_USR 4 // Use the given autoplacement scheme rather than using the default
/* OTP mode selection */
#define MTD_OTP_OFF 0
#define MTD_OTP_USER 2
struct mtd_info_user {
__u8 type;
__u32 flags;
__u32 size; /* Total size of the MTD */
__u32 erasesize;
__u32 writesize;
__u32 oobsize; /* Amount of OOB data per block (e.g. 16) */
__u64 padding; /* Old obsolete field; do not use */
struct region_info_user {
__u32 offset; /* At which this region starts,
* from the beginning of the MTD */
__u32 erasesize; /* For this region */
__u32 numblocks; /* Number of blocks in this region */
__u32 regionindex;
struct otp_info {
__u32 start;
__u32 length;
__u32 locked;
/* Get basic MTD characteristics info (better to use sysfs) */
#define MEMGETINFO _IOR('M', 1, struct mtd_info_user)
/* Erase segment of MTD */
#define MEMERASE _IOW('M', 2, struct erase_info_user)
/* Write out-of-band data from MTD */
#define MEMWRITEOOB _IOWR('M', 3, struct mtd_oob_buf)
/* Read out-of-band data from MTD */
#define MEMREADOOB _IOWR('M', 4, struct mtd_oob_buf)
/* Lock a chip (for MTD that supports it) */
#define MEMLOCK _IOW('M', 5, struct erase_info_user)
/* Unlock a chip (for MTD that supports it) */
#define MEMUNLOCK _IOW('M', 6, struct erase_info_user)
/* Get the number of different erase regions */
#define MEMGETREGIONCOUNT _IOR('M', 7, int)
/* Get information about the erase region for a specific index */
#define MEMGETREGIONINFO _IOWR('M', 8, struct region_info_user)
#define MEMSETOOBSEL _IOW('M', 9, struct nand_oobinfo)
/* Get info about OOB modes (e.g., RAW, PLACE, AUTO) - legacy interface */
#define MEMGETOOBSEL _IOR('M', 10, struct nand_oobinfo)
/* Check if an eraseblock is bad */
#define MEMGETBADBLOCK _IOW('M', 11, __kernel_loff_t)
/* Mark an eraseblock as bad */
#define MEMSETBADBLOCK _IOW('M', 12, __kernel_loff_t)
/* Set OTP (One-Time Programmable) mode (factory vs. user) */
#define OTPSELECT _IOR('M', 13, int)
/* Get number of OTP (One-Time Programmable) regions */
#define OTPGETREGIONCOUNT _IOW('M', 14, int)
/* Get all OTP (One-Time Programmable) info about MTD */
#define OTPGETREGIONINFO _IOW('M', 15, struct otp_info)
/* Lock a given range of user data (must be in mode %MTD_FILE_MODE_OTP_USER) */
#define OTPLOCK _IOR('M', 16, struct otp_info)
/* Get ECC layout (deprecated) */
#define ECCGETLAYOUT _IOR('M', 17, struct nand_ecclayout_user)
/* Get statistics about corrected/uncorrected errors */
#define ECCGETSTATS _IOR('M', 18, struct mtd_ecc_stats)
/* Set MTD mode on a per-file-descriptor basis (see "MTD file modes") */
#define MTDFILEMODE _IO('M', 19)
/* Erase segment of MTD (supports 64-bit address) */
#define MEMERASE64 _IOW('M', 20, struct erase_info_user64)
/* Write data to OOB (64-bit version) */
#define MEMWRITEOOB64 _IOWR('M', 21, struct mtd_oob_buf64)
/* Read data from OOB (64-bit version) */
#define MEMREADOOB64 _IOWR('M', 22, struct mtd_oob_buf64)
/* Check if chip is locked (for MTD that supports it) */
#define MEMISLOCKED _IOR('M', 23, struct erase_info_user)
* Most generic write interface; can write in-band and/or out-of-band in various
* modes (see "struct mtd_write_req")
#define MEMWRITE _IOWR('M', 24, struct mtd_write_req)
* Obsolete legacy interface. Keep it in order not to break userspace
* interfaces
struct nand_oobinfo {
__u32 useecc;
__u32 eccbytes;
__u32 oobfree[8][2];
__u32 eccpos[32];
struct nand_oobfree {
__u32 offset;
__u32 length;
* OBSOLETE: ECC layout control structure. Exported to user-space via ioctl
* ECCGETLAYOUT for backwards compatbility and should not be mistaken as a
* complete set of ECC information. The ioctl truncates the larger internal
* structure to retain binary compatibility with the static declaration of the
* ioctl. Note that the "MTD_MAX_..._ENTRIES" macros represent the max size of
* the user struct, not the MAX size of the internal struct nand_ecclayout.
struct nand_ecclayout_user {
__u32 eccbytes;
__u32 oobavail;
struct nand_oobfree oobfree[MTD_MAX_OOBFREE_ENTRIES];
* struct mtd_ecc_stats - error correction stats
* @corrected: number of corrected bits
* @failed: number of uncorrectable errors
* @badblocks: number of bad blocks in this partition
* @bbtblocks: number of blocks reserved for bad block tables
struct mtd_ecc_stats {
__u32 corrected;
__u32 failed;
__u32 badblocks;
__u32 bbtblocks;
* MTD file modes - for read/write access to MTD
* @MTD_FILE_MODE_NORMAL: OTP disabled, ECC enabled
* @MTD_FILE_MODE_OTP_FACTORY: OTP enabled in factory mode
* @MTD_FILE_MODE_OTP_USER: OTP enabled in user mode
* @MTD_FILE_MODE_RAW: OTP disabled, ECC disabled
* These modes can be set via ioctl(MTDFILEMODE). The mode mode will be retained
* separately for each open file descriptor.
* Note: %MTD_FILE_MODE_RAW provides the same functionality as %MTD_OPS_RAW -
* raw access to the flash, without error correction or autoplacement schemes.
* Wherever possible, the MTD_OPS_* mode will override the MTD_FILE_MODE_* mode
* (e.g., when using ioctl(MEMWRITE)), but in some cases, the MTD_FILE_MODE is
* used out of necessity (e.g., `write()', ioctl(MEMWRITEOOB64)).
enum mtd_file_modes {
#endif /* __MTD_ABI_H__ */