blob: 54ab48827258b138a3833fd664df8ccfe29bd5db [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* Overview:
* This is the generic MTD driver for NAND flash devices. It should be
* capable of working with almost all NAND chips currently available.
*
* Additional technical information is available on
* http://www.linux-mtd.infradead.org/doc/nand.html
*
* Copyright (C) 2000 Steven J. Hill (sjhill@realitydiluted.com)
* 2002-2006 Thomas Gleixner (tglx@linutronix.de)
*
* Credits:
* David Woodhouse for adding multichip support
*
* Aleph One Ltd. and Toby Churchill Ltd. for supporting the
* rework for 2K page size chips
*
* TODO:
* Enable cached programming for 2k page size chips
* Check, if mtd->ecctype should be set to MTD_ECC_HW
* if we have HW ECC support.
* BBT table is not serialized, has to be fixed
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
*/
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand_ecc.h>
#include <linux/mtd/nand_bch.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/leds.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
#include <linux/of_mtd.h>
/* Define default oob placement schemes for large and small page devices */
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_8 = {
.eccbytes = 3,
.eccpos = {0, 1, 2},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 3,
.length = 2},
{.offset = 6,
.length = 2} }
};
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_16 = {
.eccbytes = 6,
.eccpos = {0, 1, 2, 3, 6, 7},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 8,
. length = 8} }
};
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_64 = {
.eccbytes = 24,
.eccpos = {
40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47,
48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55,
56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 2,
.length = 38} }
};
static struct nand_ecclayout nand_oob_128 = {
.eccbytes = 48,
.eccpos = {
80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87,
88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95,
96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103,
104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111,
112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119,
120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127},
.oobfree = {
{.offset = 2,
.length = 78} }
};
static int nand_get_device(struct mtd_info *mtd, int new_state);
static int nand_do_write_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops);
/*
* For devices which display every fart in the system on a separate LED. Is
* compiled away when LED support is disabled.
*/
DEFINE_LED_TRIGGER(nand_led_trigger);
static int check_offs_len(struct mtd_info *mtd,
loff_t ofs, uint64_t len)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret = 0;
/* Start address must align on block boundary */
if (ofs & ((1ULL << chip->phys_erase_shift) - 1)) {
pr_debug("%s: unaligned address\n", __func__);
ret = -EINVAL;
}
/* Length must align on block boundary */
if (len & ((1ULL << chip->phys_erase_shift) - 1)) {
pr_debug("%s: length not block aligned\n", __func__);
ret = -EINVAL;
}
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_release_device - [GENERIC] release chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Release chip lock and wake up anyone waiting on the device.
*/
static void nand_release_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* Release the controller and the chip */
spin_lock(&chip->controller->lock);
chip->controller->active = NULL;
chip->state = FL_READY;
wake_up(&chip->controller->wq);
spin_unlock(&chip->controller->lock);
}
/**
* nand_read_byte - [DEFAULT] read one byte from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Default read function for 8bit buswidth
*/
static uint8_t nand_read_byte(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
return readb(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
}
/**
* nand_read_byte16 - [DEFAULT] read one byte endianness aware from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Default read function for 16bit buswidth with endianness conversion.
*
*/
static uint8_t nand_read_byte16(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
return (uint8_t) cpu_to_le16(readw(chip->IO_ADDR_R));
}
/**
* nand_read_word - [DEFAULT] read one word from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Default read function for 16bit buswidth without endianness conversion.
*/
static u16 nand_read_word(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
return readw(chip->IO_ADDR_R);
}
/**
* nand_select_chip - [DEFAULT] control CE line
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @chipnr: chipnumber to select, -1 for deselect
*
* Default select function for 1 chip devices.
*/
static void nand_select_chip(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
switch (chipnr) {
case -1:
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE, 0 | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
break;
case 0:
break;
default:
BUG();
}
}
/**
* nand_write_byte - [DEFAULT] write single byte to chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @byte: value to write
*
* Default function to write a byte to I/O[7:0]
*/
static void nand_write_byte(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t byte)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
chip->write_buf(mtd, &byte, 1);
}
/**
* nand_write_byte16 - [DEFAULT] write single byte to a chip with width 16
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @byte: value to write
*
* Default function to write a byte to I/O[7:0] on a 16-bit wide chip.
*/
static void nand_write_byte16(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t byte)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
uint16_t word = byte;
/*
* It's not entirely clear what should happen to I/O[15:8] when writing
* a byte. The ONFi spec (Revision 3.1; 2012-09-19, Section 2.16) reads:
*
* When the host supports a 16-bit bus width, only data is
* transferred at the 16-bit width. All address and command line
* transfers shall use only the lower 8-bits of the data bus. During
* command transfers, the host may place any value on the upper
* 8-bits of the data bus. During address transfers, the host shall
* set the upper 8-bits of the data bus to 00h.
*
* One user of the write_byte callback is nand_onfi_set_features. The
* four parameters are specified to be written to I/O[7:0], but this is
* neither an address nor a command transfer. Let's assume a 0 on the
* upper I/O lines is OK.
*/
chip->write_buf(mtd, (uint8_t *)&word, 2);
}
/**
* nand_write_buf - [DEFAULT] write buffer to chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @len: number of bytes to write
*
* Default write function for 8bit buswidth.
*/
static void nand_write_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
iowrite8_rep(chip->IO_ADDR_W, buf, len);
}
/**
* nand_read_buf - [DEFAULT] read chip data into buffer
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: buffer to store date
* @len: number of bytes to read
*
* Default read function for 8bit buswidth.
*/
static void nand_read_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
ioread8_rep(chip->IO_ADDR_R, buf, len);
}
/**
* nand_write_buf16 - [DEFAULT] write buffer to chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @len: number of bytes to write
*
* Default write function for 16bit buswidth.
*/
static void nand_write_buf16(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u16 *p = (u16 *) buf;
iowrite16_rep(chip->IO_ADDR_W, p, len >> 1);
}
/**
* nand_read_buf16 - [DEFAULT] read chip data into buffer
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @buf: buffer to store date
* @len: number of bytes to read
*
* Default read function for 16bit buswidth.
*/
static void nand_read_buf16(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u16 *p = (u16 *) buf;
ioread16_rep(chip->IO_ADDR_R, p, len >> 1);
}
/**
* nand_block_bad - [DEFAULT] Read bad block marker from the chip
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
* @getchip: 0, if the chip is already selected
*
* Check, if the block is bad.
*/
static int nand_block_bad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, int getchip)
{
int page, chipnr, res = 0, i = 0;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
u16 bad;
if (chip->bbt_options & NAND_BBT_SCANLASTPAGE)
ofs += mtd->erasesize - mtd->writesize;
page = (int)(ofs >> chip->page_shift) & chip->pagemask;
if (getchip) {
chipnr = (int)(ofs >> chip->chip_shift);
nand_get_device(mtd, FL_READING);
/* Select the NAND device */
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
do {
if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB,
chip->badblockpos & 0xFE, page);
bad = cpu_to_le16(chip->read_word(mtd));
if (chip->badblockpos & 0x1)
bad >>= 8;
else
bad &= 0xFF;
} else {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, chip->badblockpos,
page);
bad = chip->read_byte(mtd);
}
if (likely(chip->badblockbits == 8))
res = bad != 0xFF;
else
res = hweight8(bad) < chip->badblockbits;
ofs += mtd->writesize;
page = (int)(ofs >> chip->page_shift) & chip->pagemask;
i++;
} while (!res && i < 2 && (chip->bbt_options & NAND_BBT_SCAN2NDPAGE));
if (getchip) {
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
nand_release_device(mtd);
}
return res;
}
/**
* nand_default_block_markbad - [DEFAULT] mark a block bad via bad block marker
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
*
* This is the default implementation, which can be overridden by a hardware
* specific driver. It provides the details for writing a bad block marker to a
* block.
*/
static int nand_default_block_markbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
struct mtd_oob_ops ops;
uint8_t buf[2] = { 0, 0 };
int ret = 0, res, i = 0;
memset(&ops, 0, sizeof(ops));
ops.oobbuf = buf;
ops.ooboffs = chip->badblockpos;
if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) {
ops.ooboffs &= ~0x01;
ops.len = ops.ooblen = 2;
} else {
ops.len = ops.ooblen = 1;
}
ops.mode = MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB;
/* Write to first/last page(s) if necessary */
if (chip->bbt_options & NAND_BBT_SCANLASTPAGE)
ofs += mtd->erasesize - mtd->writesize;
do {
res = nand_do_write_oob(mtd, ofs, &ops);
if (!ret)
ret = res;
i++;
ofs += mtd->writesize;
} while ((chip->bbt_options & NAND_BBT_SCAN2NDPAGE) && i < 2);
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_block_markbad_lowlevel - mark a block bad
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
*
* This function performs the generic NAND bad block marking steps (i.e., bad
* block table(s) and/or marker(s)). We only allow the hardware driver to
* specify how to write bad block markers to OOB (chip->block_markbad).
*
* We try operations in the following order:
* (1) erase the affected block, to allow OOB marker to be written cleanly
* (2) write bad block marker to OOB area of affected block (unless flag
* NAND_BBT_NO_OOB_BBM is present)
* (3) update the BBT
* Note that we retain the first error encountered in (2) or (3), finish the
* procedures, and dump the error in the end.
*/
static int nand_block_markbad_lowlevel(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int res, ret = 0;
if (!(chip->bbt_options & NAND_BBT_NO_OOB_BBM)) {
struct erase_info einfo;
/* Attempt erase before marking OOB */
memset(&einfo, 0, sizeof(einfo));
einfo.mtd = mtd;
einfo.addr = ofs;
einfo.len = 1ULL << chip->phys_erase_shift;
nand_erase_nand(mtd, &einfo, 0);
/* Write bad block marker to OOB */
nand_get_device(mtd, FL_WRITING);
ret = chip->block_markbad(mtd, ofs);
nand_release_device(mtd);
}
/* Mark block bad in BBT */
if (chip->bbt) {
res = nand_markbad_bbt(mtd, ofs);
if (!ret)
ret = res;
}
if (!ret)
mtd->ecc_stats.badblocks++;
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_check_wp - [GENERIC] check if the chip is write protected
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Check, if the device is write protected. The function expects, that the
* device is already selected.
*/
static int nand_check_wp(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* Broken xD cards report WP despite being writable */
if (chip->options & NAND_BROKEN_XD)
return 0;
/* Check the WP bit */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS, -1, -1);
return (chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_WP) ? 0 : 1;
}
/**
* nand_block_isreserved - [GENERIC] Check if a block is marked reserved.
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
*
* Check if the block is marked as reserved.
*/
static int nand_block_isreserved(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
if (!chip->bbt)
return 0;
/* Return info from the table */
return nand_isreserved_bbt(mtd, ofs);
}
/**
* nand_block_checkbad - [GENERIC] Check if a block is marked bad
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @ofs: offset from device start
* @getchip: 0, if the chip is already selected
* @allowbbt: 1, if its allowed to access the bbt area
*
* Check, if the block is bad. Either by reading the bad block table or
* calling of the scan function.
*/
static int nand_block_checkbad(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, int getchip,
int allowbbt)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
if (!chip->bbt)
return chip->block_bad(mtd, ofs, getchip);
/* Return info from the table */
return nand_isbad_bbt(mtd, ofs, allowbbt);
}
/**
* panic_nand_wait_ready - [GENERIC] Wait for the ready pin after commands.
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @timeo: Timeout
*
* Helper function for nand_wait_ready used when needing to wait in interrupt
* context.
*/
static void panic_nand_wait_ready(struct mtd_info *mtd, unsigned long timeo)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int i;
/* Wait for the device to get ready */
for (i = 0; i < timeo; i++) {
if (chip->dev_ready(mtd))
break;
touch_softlockup_watchdog();
mdelay(1);
}
}
/**
* nand_wait_ready - [GENERIC] Wait for the ready pin after commands.
* @mtd: MTD device structure
*
* Wait for the ready pin after a command, and warn if a timeout occurs.
*/
void nand_wait_ready(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
unsigned long timeo = 400;
if (in_interrupt() || oops_in_progress)
return panic_nand_wait_ready(mtd, timeo);
led_trigger_event(nand_led_trigger, LED_FULL);
/* Wait until command is processed or timeout occurs */
timeo = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeo);
do {
if (chip->dev_ready(mtd))
goto out;
cond_resched();
} while (time_before(jiffies, timeo));
pr_warn_ratelimited(
"timeout while waiting for chip to become ready\n");
out:
led_trigger_event(nand_led_trigger, LED_OFF);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nand_wait_ready);
/**
* nand_wait_status_ready - [GENERIC] Wait for the ready status after commands.
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @timeo: Timeout in ms
*
* Wait for status ready (i.e. command done) or timeout.
*/
static void nand_wait_status_ready(struct mtd_info *mtd, unsigned long timeo)
{
register struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
timeo = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeo);
do {
if ((chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_READY))
break;
touch_softlockup_watchdog();
} while (time_before(jiffies, timeo));
};
/**
* nand_command - [DEFAULT] Send command to NAND device
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @command: the command to be sent
* @column: the column address for this command, -1 if none
* @page_addr: the page address for this command, -1 if none
*
* Send command to NAND device. This function is used for small page devices
* (512 Bytes per page).
*/
static void nand_command(struct mtd_info *mtd, unsigned int command,
int column, int page_addr)
{
register struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ctrl = NAND_CTRL_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
/* Write out the command to the device */
if (command == NAND_CMD_SEQIN) {
int readcmd;
if (column >= mtd->writesize) {
/* OOB area */
column -= mtd->writesize;
readcmd = NAND_CMD_READOOB;
} else if (column < 256) {
/* First 256 bytes --> READ0 */
readcmd = NAND_CMD_READ0;
} else {
column -= 256;
readcmd = NAND_CMD_READ1;
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, readcmd, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, command, ctrl);
/* Address cycle, when necessary */
ctrl = NAND_CTRL_ALE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
/* Serially input address */
if (column != -1) {
/* Adjust columns for 16 bit buswidth */
if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16 &&
!nand_opcode_8bits(command))
column >>= 1;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, column, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
}
if (page_addr != -1) {
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 8, ctrl);
/* One more address cycle for devices > 32MiB */
if (chip->chipsize > (32 << 20))
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 16, ctrl);
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE, NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/*
* Program and erase have their own busy handlers status and sequential
* in needs no delay
*/
switch (command) {
case NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE1:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE2:
case NAND_CMD_SEQIN:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS:
return;
case NAND_CMD_RESET:
if (chip->dev_ready)
break;
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS,
NAND_CTRL_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd,
NAND_CMD_NONE, NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/* EZ-NAND can take upto 250ms as per ONFi v4.0 */
nand_wait_status_ready(mtd, 250);
return;
/* This applies to read commands */
default:
/*
* If we don't have access to the busy pin, we apply the given
* command delay
*/
if (!chip->dev_ready) {
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
return;
}
}
/*
* Apply this short delay always to ensure that we do wait tWB in
* any case on any machine.
*/
ndelay(100);
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
/**
* nand_command_lp - [DEFAULT] Send command to NAND large page device
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @command: the command to be sent
* @column: the column address for this command, -1 if none
* @page_addr: the page address for this command, -1 if none
*
* Send command to NAND device. This is the version for the new large page
* devices. We don't have the separate regions as we have in the small page
* devices. We must emulate NAND_CMD_READOOB to keep the code compatible.
*/
static void nand_command_lp(struct mtd_info *mtd, unsigned int command,
int column, int page_addr)
{
register struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* Emulate NAND_CMD_READOOB */
if (command == NAND_CMD_READOOB) {
column += mtd->writesize;
command = NAND_CMD_READ0;
}
/* Command latch cycle */
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, command, NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
if (column != -1 || page_addr != -1) {
int ctrl = NAND_CTRL_CHANGE | NAND_NCE | NAND_ALE;
/* Serially input address */
if (column != -1) {
/* Adjust columns for 16 bit buswidth */
if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16 &&
!nand_opcode_8bits(command))
column >>= 1;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, column, ctrl);
ctrl &= ~NAND_CTRL_CHANGE;
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, column >> 8, ctrl);
}
if (page_addr != -1) {
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr, ctrl);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 8,
NAND_NCE | NAND_ALE);
/* One more address cycle for devices > 128MiB */
if (chip->chipsize > (128 << 20))
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, page_addr >> 16,
NAND_NCE | NAND_ALE);
}
}
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE, NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/*
* Program and erase have their own busy handlers status, sequential
* in and status need no delay.
*/
switch (command) {
case NAND_CMD_CACHEDPROG:
case NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE1:
case NAND_CMD_ERASE2:
case NAND_CMD_SEQIN:
case NAND_CMD_RNDIN:
case NAND_CMD_STATUS:
return;
case NAND_CMD_RESET:
if (chip->dev_ready)
break;
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/* EZ-NAND can take upto 250ms as per ONFi v4.0 */
nand_wait_status_ready(mtd, 250);
return;
case NAND_CMD_RNDOUT:
/* No ready / busy check necessary */
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUTSTART,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
return;
case NAND_CMD_READ0:
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_READSTART,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CLE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
chip->cmd_ctrl(mtd, NAND_CMD_NONE,
NAND_NCE | NAND_CTRL_CHANGE);
/* This applies to read commands */
default:
/*
* If we don't have access to the busy pin, we apply the given
* command delay.
*/
if (!chip->dev_ready) {
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
return;
}
}
/*
* Apply this short delay always to ensure that we do wait tWB in
* any case on any machine.
*/
ndelay(100);
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
/**
* panic_nand_get_device - [GENERIC] Get chip for selected access
* @chip: the nand chip descriptor
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @new_state: the state which is requested
*
* Used when in panic, no locks are taken.
*/
static void panic_nand_get_device(struct nand_chip *chip,
struct mtd_info *mtd, int new_state)
{
/* Hardware controller shared among independent devices */
chip->controller->active = chip;
chip->state = new_state;
}
/**
* nand_get_device - [GENERIC] Get chip for selected access
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @new_state: the state which is requested
*
* Get the device and lock it for exclusive access
*/
static int
nand_get_device(struct mtd_info *mtd, int new_state)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
spinlock_t *lock = &chip->controller->lock;
wait_queue_head_t *wq = &chip->controller->wq;
DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
retry:
spin_lock(lock);
/* Hardware controller shared among independent devices */
if (!chip->controller->active)
chip->controller->active = chip;
if (chip->controller->active == chip && chip->state == FL_READY) {
chip->state = new_state;
spin_unlock(lock);
return 0;
}
if (new_state == FL_PM_SUSPENDED) {
if (chip->controller->active->state == FL_PM_SUSPENDED) {
chip->state = FL_PM_SUSPENDED;
spin_unlock(lock);
return 0;
}
}
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
add_wait_queue(wq, &wait);
spin_unlock(lock);
schedule();
remove_wait_queue(wq, &wait);
goto retry;
}
/**
* panic_nand_wait - [GENERIC] wait until the command is done
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @chip: NAND chip structure
* @timeo: timeout
*
* Wait for command done. This is a helper function for nand_wait used when
* we are in interrupt context. May happen when in panic and trying to write
* an oops through mtdoops.
*/
static void panic_nand_wait(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
unsigned long timeo)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < timeo; i++) {
if (chip->dev_ready) {
if (chip->dev_ready(mtd))
break;
} else {
if (chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_READY)
break;
}
mdelay(1);
}
}
/**
* nand_wait - [DEFAULT] wait until the command is done
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @chip: NAND chip structure
*
* Wait for command done. This applies to erase and program only.
*/
static int nand_wait(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip)
{
int status;
unsigned long timeo = 400;
led_trigger_event(nand_led_trigger, LED_FULL);
/*
* Apply this short delay always to ensure that we do wait tWB in any
* case on any machine.
*/
ndelay(100);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_STATUS, -1, -1);
if (in_interrupt() || oops_in_progress)
panic_nand_wait(mtd, chip, timeo);
else {
timeo = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeo);
do {
if (chip->dev_ready) {
if (chip->dev_ready(mtd))
break;
} else {
if (chip->read_byte(mtd) & NAND_STATUS_READY)
break;
}
cond_resched();
} while (time_before(jiffies, timeo));
}
led_trigger_event(nand_led_trigger, LED_OFF);
status = (int)chip->read_byte(mtd);
/* This can happen if in case of timeout or buggy dev_ready */
WARN_ON(!(status & NAND_STATUS_READY));
return status;
}
/**
* __nand_unlock - [REPLACEABLE] unlocks specified locked blocks
* @mtd: mtd info
* @ofs: offset to start unlock from
* @len: length to unlock
* @invert: when = 0, unlock the range of blocks within the lower and
* upper boundary address
* when = 1, unlock the range of blocks outside the boundaries
* of the lower and upper boundary address
*
* Returs unlock status.
*/
static int __nand_unlock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs,
uint64_t len, int invert)
{
int ret = 0;
int status, page;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/* Submit address of first page to unlock */
page = ofs >> chip->page_shift;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_UNLOCK1, -1, page & chip->pagemask);
/* Submit address of last page to unlock */
page = (ofs + len) >> chip->page_shift;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_UNLOCK2, -1,
(page | invert) & chip->pagemask);
/* Call wait ready function */
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
/* See if device thinks it succeeded */
if (status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) {
pr_debug("%s: error status = 0x%08x\n",
__func__, status);
ret = -EIO;
}
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_unlock - [REPLACEABLE] unlocks specified locked blocks
* @mtd: mtd info
* @ofs: offset to start unlock from
* @len: length to unlock
*
* Returns unlock status.
*/
int nand_unlock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len)
{
int ret = 0;
int chipnr;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
pr_debug("%s: start = 0x%012llx, len = %llu\n",
__func__, (unsigned long long)ofs, len);
if (check_offs_len(mtd, ofs, len))
return -EINVAL;
/* Align to last block address if size addresses end of the device */
if (ofs + len == mtd->size)
len -= mtd->erasesize;
nand_get_device(mtd, FL_UNLOCKING);
/* Shift to get chip number */
chipnr = ofs >> chip->chip_shift;
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/*
* Reset the chip.
* If we want to check the WP through READ STATUS and check the bit 7
* we must reset the chip
* some operation can also clear the bit 7 of status register
* eg. erase/program a locked block
*/
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RESET, -1, -1);
/* Check, if it is write protected */
if (nand_check_wp(mtd)) {
pr_debug("%s: device is write protected!\n",
__func__);
ret = -EIO;
goto out;
}
ret = __nand_unlock(mtd, ofs, len, 0);
out:
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(nand_unlock);
/**
* nand_lock - [REPLACEABLE] locks all blocks present in the device
* @mtd: mtd info
* @ofs: offset to start unlock from
* @len: length to unlock
*
* This feature is not supported in many NAND parts. 'Micron' NAND parts do
* have this feature, but it allows only to lock all blocks, not for specified
* range for block. Implementing 'lock' feature by making use of 'unlock', for
* now.
*
* Returns lock status.
*/
int nand_lock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len)
{
int ret = 0;
int chipnr, status, page;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
pr_debug("%s: start = 0x%012llx, len = %llu\n",
__func__, (unsigned long long)ofs, len);
if (check_offs_len(mtd, ofs, len))
return -EINVAL;
nand_get_device(mtd, FL_LOCKING);
/* Shift to get chip number */
chipnr = ofs >> chip->chip_shift;
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/*
* Reset the chip.
* If we want to check the WP through READ STATUS and check the bit 7
* we must reset the chip
* some operation can also clear the bit 7 of status register
* eg. erase/program a locked block
*/
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RESET, -1, -1);
/* Check, if it is write protected */
if (nand_check_wp(mtd)) {
pr_debug("%s: device is write protected!\n",
__func__);
status = MTD_ERASE_FAILED;
ret = -EIO;
goto out;
}
/* Submit address of first page to lock */
page = ofs >> chip->page_shift;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_LOCK, -1, page & chip->pagemask);
/* Call wait ready function */
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
/* See if device thinks it succeeded */
if (status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) {
pr_debug("%s: error status = 0x%08x\n",
__func__, status);
ret = -EIO;
goto out;
}
ret = __nand_unlock(mtd, ofs, len, 0x1);
out:
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(nand_lock);
/**
* nand_check_erased_buf - check if a buffer contains (almost) only 0xff data
* @buf: buffer to test
* @len: buffer length
* @bitflips_threshold: maximum number of bitflips
*
* Check if a buffer contains only 0xff, which means the underlying region
* has been erased and is ready to be programmed.
* The bitflips_threshold specify the maximum number of bitflips before
* considering the region is not erased.
* Note: The logic of this function has been extracted from the memweight
* implementation, except that nand_check_erased_buf function exit before
* testing the whole buffer if the number of bitflips exceed the
* bitflips_threshold value.
*
* Returns a positive number of bitflips less than or equal to
* bitflips_threshold, or -ERROR_CODE for bitflips in excess of the
* threshold.
*/
static int nand_check_erased_buf(void *buf, int len, int bitflips_threshold)
{
const unsigned char *bitmap = buf;
int bitflips = 0;
int weight;
for (; len && ((uintptr_t)bitmap) % sizeof(long);
len--, bitmap++) {
weight = hweight8(*bitmap);
bitflips += BITS_PER_BYTE - weight;
if (unlikely(bitflips > bitflips_threshold))
return -EBADMSG;
}
for (; len >= sizeof(long);
len -= sizeof(long), bitmap += sizeof(long)) {
weight = hweight_long(*((unsigned long *)bitmap));
bitflips += BITS_PER_LONG - weight;
if (unlikely(bitflips > bitflips_threshold))
return -EBADMSG;
}
for (; len > 0; len--, bitmap++) {
weight = hweight8(*bitmap);
bitflips += BITS_PER_BYTE - weight;
if (unlikely(bitflips > bitflips_threshold))
return -EBADMSG;
}
return bitflips;
}
/**
* nand_check_erased_ecc_chunk - check if an ECC chunk contains (almost) only
* 0xff data
* @data: data buffer to test
* @datalen: data length
* @ecc: ECC buffer
* @ecclen: ECC length
* @extraoob: extra OOB buffer
* @extraooblen: extra OOB length
* @bitflips_threshold: maximum number of bitflips
*
* Check if a data buffer and its associated ECC and OOB data contains only
* 0xff pattern, which means the underlying region has been erased and is
* ready to be programmed.
* The bitflips_threshold specify the maximum number of bitflips before
* considering the region as not erased.
*
* Note:
* 1/ ECC algorithms are working on pre-defined block sizes which are usually
* different from the NAND page size. When fixing bitflips, ECC engines will
* report the number of errors per chunk, and the NAND core infrastructure
* expect you to return the maximum number of bitflips for the whole page.
* This is why you should always use this function on a single chunk and
* not on the whole page. After checking each chunk you should update your
* max_bitflips value accordingly.
* 2/ When checking for bitflips in erased pages you should not only check
* the payload data but also their associated ECC data, because a user might
* have programmed almost all bits to 1 but a few. In this case, we
* shouldn't consider the chunk as erased, and checking ECC bytes prevent
* this case.
* 3/ The extraoob argument is optional, and should be used if some of your OOB
* data are protected by the ECC engine.
* It could also be used if you support subpages and want to attach some
* extra OOB data to an ECC chunk.
*
* Returns a positive number of bitflips less than or equal to
* bitflips_threshold, or -ERROR_CODE for bitflips in excess of the
* threshold. In case of success, the passed buffers are filled with 0xff.
*/
int nand_check_erased_ecc_chunk(void *data, int datalen,
void *ecc, int ecclen,
void *extraoob, int extraooblen,
int bitflips_threshold)
{
int data_bitflips = 0, ecc_bitflips = 0, extraoob_bitflips = 0;
data_bitflips = nand_check_erased_buf(data, datalen,
bitflips_threshold);
if (data_bitflips < 0)
return data_bitflips;
bitflips_threshold -= data_bitflips;
ecc_bitflips = nand_check_erased_buf(ecc, ecclen, bitflips_threshold);
if (ecc_bitflips < 0)
return ecc_bitflips;
bitflips_threshold -= ecc_bitflips;
extraoob_bitflips = nand_check_erased_buf(extraoob, extraooblen,
bitflips_threshold);
if (extraoob_bitflips < 0)
return extraoob_bitflips;
if (data_bitflips)
memset(data, 0xff, datalen);
if (ecc_bitflips)
memset(ecc, 0xff, ecclen);
if (extraoob_bitflips)
memset(extraoob, 0xff, extraooblen);
return data_bitflips + ecc_bitflips + extraoob_bitflips;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(nand_check_erased_ecc_chunk);
/**
* nand_read_page_raw - [INTERN] read raw page data without ecc
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @oob_required: caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
* @page: page number to read
*
* Not for syndrome calculating ECC controllers, which use a special oob layout.
*/
static int nand_read_page_raw(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
{
chip->read_buf(mtd, buf, mtd->writesize);
if (oob_required)
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_raw_syndrome - [INTERN] read raw page data without ecc
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @oob_required: caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
* @page: page number to read
*
* We need a special oob layout and handling even when OOB isn't used.
*/
static int nand_read_page_raw_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip, uint8_t *buf,
int oob_required, int page)
{
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
int steps, size;
for (steps = chip->ecc.steps; steps > 0; steps--) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, buf, eccsize);
buf += eccsize;
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
size = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (size)
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, size);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_swecc - [REPLACEABLE] software ECC based page read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @oob_required: caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
* @page: page number to read
*/
static int nand_read_page_swecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
uint8_t *ecc_code = chip->buffers->ecccode;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
chip->ecc.read_page_raw(mtd, chip, buf, 1, page);
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize)
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
ecc_code[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]];
eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
p = buf;
for (i = 0 ; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, &ecc_code[i], &ecc_calc[i]);
if (stat < 0) {
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
} else {
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, stat);
}
}
return max_bitflips;
}
/**
* nand_read_subpage - [REPLACEABLE] ECC based sub-page read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @data_offs: offset of requested data within the page
* @readlen: data length
* @bufpoi: buffer to store read data
* @page: page number to read
*/
static int nand_read_subpage(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint32_t data_offs, uint32_t readlen, uint8_t *bufpoi,
int page)
{
int start_step, end_step, num_steps;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
uint8_t *p;
int data_col_addr, i, gaps = 0;
int datafrag_len, eccfrag_len, aligned_len, aligned_pos;
int busw = (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) ? 2 : 1;
int index;
unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
/* Column address within the page aligned to ECC size (256bytes) */
start_step = data_offs / chip->ecc.size;
end_step = (data_offs + readlen - 1) / chip->ecc.size;
num_steps = end_step - start_step + 1;
index = start_step * chip->ecc.bytes;
/* Data size aligned to ECC ecc.size */
datafrag_len = num_steps * chip->ecc.size;
eccfrag_len = num_steps * chip->ecc.bytes;
data_col_addr = start_step * chip->ecc.size;
/* If we read not a page aligned data */
if (data_col_addr != 0)
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT, data_col_addr, -1);
p = bufpoi + data_col_addr;
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, datafrag_len);
/* Calculate ECC */
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len ; i += chip->ecc.bytes, p += chip->ecc.size)
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &chip->buffers->ecccalc[i]);
/*
* The performance is faster if we position offsets according to
* ecc.pos. Let's make sure that there are no gaps in ECC positions.
*/
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len - 1; i++) {
if (eccpos[i + index] + 1 != eccpos[i + index + 1]) {
gaps = 1;
break;
}
}
if (gaps) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT, mtd->writesize, -1);
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
} else {
/*
* Send the command to read the particular ECC bytes take care
* about buswidth alignment in read_buf.
*/
aligned_pos = eccpos[index] & ~(busw - 1);
aligned_len = eccfrag_len;
if (eccpos[index] & (busw - 1))
aligned_len++;
if (eccpos[index + (num_steps * chip->ecc.bytes)] & (busw - 1))
aligned_len++;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT,
mtd->writesize + aligned_pos, -1);
chip->read_buf(mtd, &chip->oob_poi[aligned_pos], aligned_len);
}
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len; i++)
chip->buffers->ecccode[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i + index]];
p = bufpoi + data_col_addr;
for (i = 0; i < eccfrag_len ; i += chip->ecc.bytes, p += chip->ecc.size) {
int stat;
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p,
&chip->buffers->ecccode[i], &chip->buffers->ecccalc[i]);
if (stat < 0) {
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
} else {
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, stat);
}
}
return max_bitflips;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_hwecc - [REPLACEABLE] hardware ECC based page read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @oob_required: caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
* @page: page number to read
*
* Not for syndrome calculating ECC controllers which need a special oob layout.
*/
static int nand_read_page_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
uint8_t *ecc_code = chip->buffers->ecccode;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
}
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
ecc_code[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]];
eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
p = buf;
for (i = 0 ; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, &ecc_code[i], &ecc_calc[i]);
if (stat < 0) {
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
} else {
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, stat);
}
}
return max_bitflips;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_hwecc_oob_first - [REPLACEABLE] hw ecc, read oob first
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @oob_required: caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
* @page: page number to read
*
* Hardware ECC for large page chips, require OOB to be read first. For this
* ECC mode, the write_page method is re-used from ECC_HW. These methods
* read/write ECC from the OOB area, unlike the ECC_HW_SYNDROME support with
* multiple ECC steps, follows the "infix ECC" scheme and reads/writes ECC from
* the data area, by overwriting the NAND manufacturer bad block markings.
*/
static int nand_read_page_hwecc_oob_first(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip, uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *ecc_code = chip->buffers->ecccode;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
/* Read the OOB area first */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, 0, page);
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0, page);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
ecc_code[i] = chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]];
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, &ecc_code[i], NULL);
if (stat < 0) {
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
} else {
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, stat);
}
}
return max_bitflips;
}
/**
* nand_read_page_syndrome - [REPLACEABLE] hardware ECC syndrome based page read
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: buffer to store read data
* @oob_required: caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
* @page: page number to read
*
* The hw generator calculates the error syndrome automatically. Therefore we
* need a special oob layout and handling.
*/
static int nand_read_page_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
int stat;
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READ);
chip->read_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_READSYN);
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
stat = chip->ecc.correct(mtd, p, oob, NULL);
if (stat < 0) {
mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
} else {
mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, stat);
}
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
/* Calculate remaining oob bytes */
i = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (i)
chip->read_buf(mtd, oob, i);
return max_bitflips;
}
/**
* nand_transfer_oob - [INTERN] Transfer oob to client buffer
* @chip: nand chip structure
* @oob: oob destination address
* @ops: oob ops structure
* @len: size of oob to transfer
*/
static uint8_t *nand_transfer_oob(struct nand_chip *chip, uint8_t *oob,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops, size_t len)
{
switch (ops->mode) {
case MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB:
case MTD_OPS_RAW:
memcpy(oob, chip->oob_poi + ops->ooboffs, len);
return oob + len;
case MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB: {
struct nand_oobfree *free = chip->ecc.layout->oobfree;
uint32_t boffs = 0, roffs = ops->ooboffs;
size_t bytes = 0;
for (; free->length && len; free++, len -= bytes) {
/* Read request not from offset 0? */
if (unlikely(roffs)) {
if (roffs >= free->length) {
roffs -= free->length;
continue;
}
boffs = free->offset + roffs;
bytes = min_t(size_t, len,
(free->length - roffs));
roffs = 0;
} else {
bytes = min_t(size_t, len, free->length);
boffs = free->offset;
}
memcpy(oob, chip->oob_poi + boffs, bytes);
oob += bytes;
}
return oob;
}
default:
BUG();
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* nand_setup_read_retry - [INTERN] Set the READ RETRY mode
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @retry_mode: the retry mode to use
*
* Some vendors supply a special command to shift the Vt threshold, to be used
* when there are too many bitflips in a page (i.e., ECC error). After setting
* a new threshold, the host should retry reading the page.
*/
static int nand_setup_read_retry(struct mtd_info *mtd, int retry_mode)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
pr_debug("setting READ RETRY mode %d\n", retry_mode);
if (retry_mode >= chip->read_retries)
return -EINVAL;
if (!chip->setup_read_retry)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
return chip->setup_read_retry(mtd, retry_mode);
}
/**
* nand_do_read_ops - [INTERN] Read data with ECC
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @ops: oob ops structure
*
* Internal function. Called with chip held.
*/
static int nand_do_read_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int chipnr, page, realpage, col, bytes, aligned, oob_required;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
int ret = 0;
uint32_t readlen = ops->len;
uint32_t oobreadlen = ops->ooblen;
uint32_t max_oobsize = ops->mode == MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB ?
mtd->oobavail : mtd->oobsize;
uint8_t *bufpoi, *oob, *buf;
int use_bufpoi;
unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
int retry_mode = 0;
bool ecc_fail = false;
chipnr = (int)(from >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
realpage = (int)(from >> chip->page_shift);
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
col = (int)(from & (mtd->writesize - 1));
buf = ops->datbuf;
oob = ops->oobbuf;
oob_required = oob ? 1 : 0;
while (1) {
unsigned int ecc_failures = mtd->ecc_stats.failed;
bytes = min(mtd->writesize - col, readlen);
aligned = (bytes == mtd->writesize);
if (!aligned)
use_bufpoi = 1;
else if (chip->options & NAND_USE_BOUNCE_BUFFER)
use_bufpoi = !virt_addr_valid(buf);
else
use_bufpoi = 0;
/* Is the current page in the buffer? */
if (realpage != chip->pagebuf || oob) {
bufpoi = use_bufpoi ? chip->buffers->databuf : buf;
if (use_bufpoi && aligned)
pr_debug("%s: using read bounce buffer for buf@%p\n",
__func__, buf);
read_retry:
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0x00, page);
/*
* Now read the page into the buffer. Absent an error,
* the read methods return max bitflips per ecc step.
*/
if (unlikely(ops->mode == MTD_OPS_RAW))
ret = chip->ecc.read_page_raw(mtd, chip, bufpoi,
oob_required,
page);
else if (!aligned && NAND_HAS_SUBPAGE_READ(chip) &&
!oob)
ret = chip->ecc.read_subpage(mtd, chip,
col, bytes, bufpoi,
page);
else
ret = chip->ecc.read_page(mtd, chip, bufpoi,
oob_required, page);
if (ret < 0) {
if (use_bufpoi)
/* Invalidate page cache */
chip->pagebuf = -1;
break;
}
max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, ret);
/* Transfer not aligned data */
if (use_bufpoi) {
if (!NAND_HAS_SUBPAGE_READ(chip) && !oob &&
!(mtd->ecc_stats.failed - ecc_failures) &&
(ops->mode != MTD_OPS_RAW)) {
chip->pagebuf = realpage;
chip->pagebuf_bitflips = ret;
} else {
/* Invalidate page cache */
chip->pagebuf = -1;
}
memcpy(buf, chip->buffers->databuf + col, bytes);
}
if (unlikely(oob)) {
int toread = min(oobreadlen, max_oobsize);
if (toread) {
oob = nand_transfer_oob(chip,
oob, ops, toread);
oobreadlen -= toread;
}
}
if (chip->options & NAND_NEED_READRDY) {
/* Apply delay or wait for ready/busy pin */
if (!chip->dev_ready)
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
else
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
if (mtd->ecc_stats.failed - ecc_failures) {
if (retry_mode + 1 < chip->read_retries) {
retry_mode++;
ret = nand_setup_read_retry(mtd,
retry_mode);
if (ret < 0)
break;
/* Reset failures; retry */
mtd->ecc_stats.failed = ecc_failures;
goto read_retry;
} else {
/* No more retry modes; real failure */
ecc_fail = true;
}
}
buf += bytes;
} else {
memcpy(buf, chip->buffers->databuf + col, bytes);
buf += bytes;
max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips,
chip->pagebuf_bitflips);
}
readlen -= bytes;
/* Reset to retry mode 0 */
if (retry_mode) {
ret = nand_setup_read_retry(mtd, 0);
if (ret < 0)
break;
retry_mode = 0;
}
if (!readlen)
break;
/* For subsequent reads align to page boundary */
col = 0;
/* Increment page address */
realpage++;
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
/* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
if (!page) {
chipnr++;
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
}
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
ops->retlen = ops->len - (size_t) readlen;
if (oob)
ops->oobretlen = ops->ooblen - oobreadlen;
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
if (ecc_fail)
return -EBADMSG;
return max_bitflips;
}
/**
* nand_read - [MTD Interface] MTD compatibility function for nand_do_read_ecc
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @len: number of bytes to read
* @retlen: pointer to variable to store the number of read bytes
* @buf: the databuffer to put data
*
* Get hold of the chip and call nand_do_read.
*/
static int nand_read(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len,
size_t *retlen, uint8_t *buf)
{
struct mtd_oob_ops ops;
int ret;
nand_get_device(mtd, FL_READING);
memset(&ops, 0, sizeof(ops));
ops.len = len;
ops.datbuf = buf;
ops.mode = MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB;
ret = nand_do_read_ops(mtd, from, &ops);
*retlen = ops.retlen;
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_read_oob_std - [REPLACEABLE] the most common OOB data read function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to read
*/
static int nand_read_oob_std(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page)
{
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READOOB, 0, page);
chip->read_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_oob_syndrome - [REPLACEABLE] OOB data read function for HW ECC
* with syndromes
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to read
*/
static int nand_read_oob_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page)
{
int length = mtd->oobsize;
int chunk = chip->ecc.bytes + chip->ecc.prepad + chip->ecc.postpad;
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
uint8_t *bufpoi = chip->oob_poi;
int i, toread, sndrnd = 0, pos;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, chip->ecc.size, page);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.steps; i++) {
if (sndrnd) {
pos = eccsize + i * (eccsize + chunk);
if (mtd->writesize > 512)
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDOUT, pos, -1);
else
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, pos, page);
} else
sndrnd = 1;
toread = min_t(int, length, chunk);
chip->read_buf(mtd, bufpoi, toread);
bufpoi += toread;
length -= toread;
}
if (length > 0)
chip->read_buf(mtd, bufpoi, length);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_oob_std - [REPLACEABLE] the most common OOB data write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to write
*/
static int nand_write_oob_std(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page)
{
int status = 0;
const uint8_t *buf = chip->oob_poi;
int length = mtd->oobsize;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, mtd->writesize, page);
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, length);
/* Send command to program the OOB data */
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
return status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL ? -EIO : 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_oob_syndrome - [REPLACEABLE] OOB data write function for HW ECC
* with syndrome - only for large page flash
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @page: page number to write
*/
static int nand_write_oob_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip, int page)
{
int chunk = chip->ecc.bytes + chip->ecc.prepad + chip->ecc.postpad;
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size, length = mtd->oobsize;
int i, len, pos, status = 0, sndcmd = 0, steps = chip->ecc.steps;
const uint8_t *bufpoi = chip->oob_poi;
/*
* data-ecc-data-ecc ... ecc-oob
* or
* data-pad-ecc-pad-data-pad .... ecc-pad-oob
*/
if (!chip->ecc.prepad && !chip->ecc.postpad) {
pos = steps * (eccsize + chunk);
steps = 0;
} else
pos = eccsize;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, pos, page);
for (i = 0; i < steps; i++) {
if (sndcmd) {
if (mtd->writesize <= 512) {
uint32_t fill = 0xFFFFFFFF;
len = eccsize;
while (len > 0) {
int num = min_t(int, len, 4);
chip->write_buf(mtd, (uint8_t *)&fill,
num);
len -= num;
}
} else {
pos = eccsize + i * (eccsize + chunk);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_RNDIN, pos, -1);
}
} else
sndcmd = 1;
len = min_t(int, length, chunk);
chip->write_buf(mtd, bufpoi, len);
bufpoi += len;
length -= len;
}
if (length > 0)
chip->write_buf(mtd, bufpoi, length);
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
return status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL ? -EIO : 0;
}
/**
* nand_do_read_oob - [INTERN] NAND read out-of-band
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @ops: oob operations description structure
*
* NAND read out-of-band data from the spare area.
*/
static int nand_do_read_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int page, realpage, chipnr;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
struct mtd_ecc_stats stats;
int readlen = ops->ooblen;
int len;
uint8_t *buf = ops->oobbuf;
int ret = 0;
pr_debug("%s: from = 0x%08Lx, len = %i\n",
__func__, (unsigned long long)from, readlen);
stats = mtd->ecc_stats;
if (ops->mode == MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB)
len = chip->ecc.layout->oobavail;
else
len = mtd->oobsize;
if (unlikely(ops->ooboffs >= len)) {
pr_debug("%s: attempt to start read outside oob\n",
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Do not allow reads past end of device */
if (unlikely(from >= mtd->size ||
ops->ooboffs + readlen > ((mtd->size >> chip->page_shift) -
(from >> chip->page_shift)) * len)) {
pr_debug("%s: attempt to read beyond end of device\n",
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
chipnr = (int)(from >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/* Shift to get page */
realpage = (int)(from >> chip->page_shift);
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
while (1) {
if (ops->mode == MTD_OPS_RAW)
ret = chip->ecc.read_oob_raw(mtd, chip, page);
else
ret = chip->ecc.read_oob(mtd, chip, page);
if (ret < 0)
break;
len = min(len, readlen);
buf = nand_transfer_oob(chip, buf, ops, len);
if (chip->options & NAND_NEED_READRDY) {
/* Apply delay or wait for ready/busy pin */
if (!chip->dev_ready)
udelay(chip->chip_delay);
else
nand_wait_ready(mtd);
}
readlen -= len;
if (!readlen)
break;
/* Increment page address */
realpage++;
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
/* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
if (!page) {
chipnr++;
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
}
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
ops->oobretlen = ops->ooblen - readlen;
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
if (mtd->ecc_stats.failed - stats.failed)
return -EBADMSG;
return mtd->ecc_stats.corrected - stats.corrected ? -EUCLEAN : 0;
}
/**
* nand_read_oob - [MTD Interface] NAND read data and/or out-of-band
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @from: offset to read from
* @ops: oob operation description structure
*
* NAND read data and/or out-of-band data.
*/
static int nand_read_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int ret = -ENOTSUPP;
ops->retlen = 0;
/* Do not allow reads past end of device */
if (ops->datbuf && (from + ops->len) > mtd->size) {
pr_debug("%s: attempt to read beyond end of device\n",
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
nand_get_device(mtd, FL_READING);
switch (ops->mode) {
case MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB:
case MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB:
case MTD_OPS_RAW:
break;
default:
goto out;
}
if (!ops->datbuf)
ret = nand_do_read_oob(mtd, from, ops);
else
ret = nand_do_read_ops(mtd, from, ops);
out:
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_write_page_raw - [INTERN] raw page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
* @page: page number to write
*
* Not for syndrome calculating ECC controllers, which use a special oob layout.
*/
static int nand_write_page_raw(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
{
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, mtd->writesize);
if (oob_required)
chip->write_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_page_raw_syndrome - [INTERN] raw page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
* @page: page number to write
*
* We need a special oob layout and handling even when ECC isn't checked.
*/
static int nand_write_page_raw_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required,
int page)
{
int eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
int steps, size;
for (steps = chip->ecc.steps; steps > 0; steps--) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, eccsize);
buf += eccsize;
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
size = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (size)
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, size);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_page_swecc - [REPLACEABLE] software ECC based page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
* @page: page number to write
*/
static int nand_write_page_swecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required,
int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
const uint8_t *p = buf;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
/* Software ECC calculation */
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize)
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]] = ecc_calc[i];
return chip->ecc.write_page_raw(mtd, chip, buf, 1, page);
}
/**
* nand_write_page_hwecc - [REPLACEABLE] hardware ECC based page write function
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
* @page: page number to write
*/
static int nand_write_page_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required,
int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
const uint8_t *p = buf;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_WRITE);
chip->write_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, &ecc_calc[i]);
}
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]] = ecc_calc[i];
chip->write_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_subpage_hwecc - [REPLACEABLE] hardware ECC based subpage write
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @offset: column address of subpage within the page
* @data_len: data length
* @buf: data buffer
* @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
* @page: page number to write
*/
static int nand_write_subpage_hwecc(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip, uint32_t offset,
uint32_t data_len, const uint8_t *buf,
int oob_required, int page)
{
uint8_t *oob_buf = chip->oob_poi;
uint8_t *ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
int ecc_size = chip->ecc.size;
int ecc_bytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int ecc_steps = chip->ecc.steps;
uint32_t *eccpos = chip->ecc.layout->eccpos;
uint32_t start_step = offset / ecc_size;
uint32_t end_step = (offset + data_len - 1) / ecc_size;
int oob_bytes = mtd->oobsize / ecc_steps;
int step, i;
for (step = 0; step < ecc_steps; step++) {
/* configure controller for WRITE access */
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_WRITE);
/* write data (untouched subpages already masked by 0xFF) */
chip->write_buf(mtd, buf, ecc_size);
/* mask ECC of un-touched subpages by padding 0xFF */
if ((step < start_step) || (step > end_step))
memset(ecc_calc, 0xff, ecc_bytes);
else
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, buf, ecc_calc);
/* mask OOB of un-touched subpages by padding 0xFF */
/* if oob_required, preserve OOB metadata of written subpage */
if (!oob_required || (step < start_step) || (step > end_step))
memset(oob_buf, 0xff, oob_bytes);
buf += ecc_size;
ecc_calc += ecc_bytes;
oob_buf += oob_bytes;
}
/* copy calculated ECC for whole page to chip->buffer->oob */
/* this include masked-value(0xFF) for unwritten subpages */
ecc_calc = chip->buffers->ecccalc;
for (i = 0; i < chip->ecc.total; i++)
chip->oob_poi[eccpos[i]] = ecc_calc[i];
/* write OOB buffer to NAND device */
chip->write_buf(mtd, chip->oob_poi, mtd->oobsize);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_page_syndrome - [REPLACEABLE] hardware ECC syndrome based page write
* @mtd: mtd info structure
* @chip: nand chip info structure
* @buf: data buffer
* @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
* @page: page number to write
*
* The hw generator calculates the error syndrome automatically. Therefore we
* need a special oob layout and handling.
*/
static int nand_write_page_syndrome(struct mtd_info *mtd,
struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required,
int page)
{
int i, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
const uint8_t *p = buf;
uint8_t *oob = chip->oob_poi;
for (i = 0; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
chip->ecc.hwctl(mtd, NAND_ECC_WRITE);
chip->write_buf(mtd, p, eccsize);
if (chip->ecc.prepad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.prepad);
oob += chip->ecc.prepad;
}
chip->ecc.calculate(mtd, p, oob);
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, eccbytes);
oob += eccbytes;
if (chip->ecc.postpad) {
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, chip->ecc.postpad);
oob += chip->ecc.postpad;
}
}
/* Calculate remaining oob bytes */
i = mtd->oobsize - (oob - chip->oob_poi);
if (i)
chip->write_buf(mtd, oob, i);
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_write_page - [REPLACEABLE] write one page
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @chip: NAND chip descriptor
* @offset: address offset within the page
* @data_len: length of actual data to be written
* @buf: the data to write
* @oob_required: must write chip->oob_poi to OOB
* @page: page number to write
* @cached: cached programming
* @raw: use _raw version of write_page
*/
static int nand_write_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint32_t offset, int data_len, const uint8_t *buf,
int oob_required, int page, int cached, int raw)
{
int status, subpage;
if (!(chip->options & NAND_NO_SUBPAGE_WRITE) &&
chip->ecc.write_subpage)
subpage = offset || (data_len < mtd->writesize);
else
subpage = 0;
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, 0x00, page);
if (unlikely(raw))
status = chip->ecc.write_page_raw(mtd, chip, buf,
oob_required, page);
else if (subpage)
status = chip->ecc.write_subpage(mtd, chip, offset, data_len,
buf, oob_required, page);
else
status = chip->ecc.write_page(mtd, chip, buf, oob_required,
page);
if (status < 0)
return status;
/*
* Cached progamming disabled for now. Not sure if it's worth the
* trouble. The speed gain is not very impressive. (2.3->2.6Mib/s).
*/
cached = 0;
if (!cached || !NAND_HAS_CACHEPROG(chip)) {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
/*
* See if operation failed and additional status checks are
* available.
*/
if ((status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL) && (chip->errstat))
status = chip->errstat(mtd, chip, FL_WRITING, status,
page);
if (status & NAND_STATUS_FAIL)
return -EIO;
} else {
chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_CACHEDPROG, -1, -1);
status = chip->waitfunc(mtd, chip);
}
return 0;
}
/**
* nand_fill_oob - [INTERN] Transfer client buffer to oob
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @oob: oob data buffer
* @len: oob data write length
* @ops: oob ops structure
*/
static uint8_t *nand_fill_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *oob, size_t len,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
/*
* Initialise to all 0xFF, to avoid the possibility of left over OOB
* data from a previous OOB read.
*/
memset(chip->oob_poi, 0xff, mtd->oobsize);
switch (ops->mode) {
case MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB:
case MTD_OPS_RAW:
memcpy(chip->oob_poi + ops->ooboffs, oob, len);
return oob + len;
case MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB: {
struct nand_oobfree *free = chip->ecc.layout->oobfree;
uint32_t boffs = 0, woffs = ops->ooboffs;
size_t bytes = 0;
for (; free->length && len; free++, len -= bytes) {
/* Write request not from offset 0? */
if (unlikely(woffs)) {
if (woffs >= free->length) {
woffs -= free->length;
continue;
}
boffs = free->offset + woffs;
bytes = min_t(size_t, len,
(free->length - woffs));
woffs = 0;
} else {
bytes = min_t(size_t, len, free->length);
boffs = free->offset;
}
memcpy(chip->oob_poi + boffs, oob, bytes);
oob += bytes;
}
return oob;
}
default:
BUG();
}
return NULL;
}
#define NOTALIGNED(x) ((x & (chip->subpagesize - 1)) != 0)
/**
* nand_do_write_ops - [INTERN] NAND write with ECC
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @ops: oob operations description structure
*
* NAND write with ECC.
*/
static int nand_do_write_ops(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int chipnr, realpage, page, blockmask, column;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
uint32_t writelen = ops->len;
uint32_t oobwritelen = ops->ooblen;
uint32_t oobmaxlen = ops->mode == MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB ?
mtd->oobavail : mtd->oobsize;
uint8_t *oob = ops->oobbuf;
uint8_t *buf = ops->datbuf;
int ret;
int oob_required = oob ? 1 : 0;
ops->retlen = 0;
if (!writelen)
return 0;
/* Reject writes, which are not page aligned */
if (NOTALIGNED(to) || NOTALIGNED(ops->len)) {
pr_notice("%s: attempt to write non page aligned data\n",
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
column = to & (mtd->writesize - 1);
chipnr = (int)(to >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/* Check, if it is write protected */
if (nand_check_wp(mtd)) {
ret = -EIO;
goto err_out;
}
realpage = (int)(to >> chip->page_shift);
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
blockmask = (1 << (chip->phys_erase_shift - chip->page_shift)) - 1;
/* Invalidate the page cache, when we write to the cached page */
if (to <= ((loff_t)chip->pagebuf << chip->page_shift) &&
((loff_t)chip->pagebuf << chip->page_shift) < (to + ops->len))
chip->pagebuf = -1;
/* Don't allow multipage oob writes with offset */
if (oob && ops->ooboffs && (ops->ooboffs + ops->ooblen > oobmaxlen)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto err_out;
}
while (1) {
int bytes = mtd->writesize;
int cached = writelen > bytes && page != blockmask;
uint8_t *wbuf = buf;
int use_bufpoi;
int part_pagewr = (column || writelen < mtd->writesize);
if (part_pagewr)
use_bufpoi = 1;
else if (chip->options & NAND_USE_BOUNCE_BUFFER)
use_bufpoi = !virt_addr_valid(buf);
else
use_bufpoi = 0;
/* Partial page write?, or need to use bounce buffer */
if (use_bufpoi) {
pr_debug("%s: using write bounce buffer for buf@%p\n",
__func__, buf);
cached = 0;
if (part_pagewr)
bytes = min_t(int, bytes - column, writelen);
chip->pagebuf = -1;
memset(chip->buffers->databuf, 0xff, mtd->writesize);
memcpy(&chip->buffers->databuf[column], buf, bytes);
wbuf = chip->buffers->databuf;
}
if (unlikely(oob)) {
size_t len = min(oobwritelen, oobmaxlen);
oob = nand_fill_oob(mtd, oob, len, ops);
oobwritelen -= len;
} else {
/* We still need to erase leftover OOB data */
memset(chip->oob_poi, 0xff, mtd->oobsize);
}
ret = chip->write_page(mtd, chip, column, bytes, wbuf,
oob_required, page, cached,
(ops->mode == MTD_OPS_RAW));
if (ret)
break;
writelen -= bytes;
if (!writelen)
break;
column = 0;
buf += bytes;
realpage++;
page = realpage & chip->pagemask;
/* Check, if we cross a chip boundary */
if (!page) {
chipnr++;
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
}
}
ops->retlen = ops->len - writelen;
if (unlikely(oob))
ops->oobretlen = ops->ooblen;
err_out:
chip->select_chip(mtd, -1);
return ret;
}
/**
* panic_nand_write - [MTD Interface] NAND write with ECC
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @len: number of bytes to write
* @retlen: pointer to variable to store the number of written bytes
* @buf: the data to write
*
* NAND write with ECC. Used when performing writes in interrupt context, this
* may for example be called by mtdoops when writing an oops while in panic.
*/
static int panic_nand_write(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to, size_t len,
size_t *retlen, const uint8_t *buf)
{
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
struct mtd_oob_ops ops;
int ret;
/* Wait for the device to get ready */
panic_nand_wait(mtd, chip, 400);
/* Grab the device */
panic_nand_get_device(chip, mtd, FL_WRITING);
memset(&ops, 0, sizeof(ops));
ops.len = len;
ops.datbuf = (uint8_t *)buf;
ops.mode = MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB;
ret = nand_do_write_ops(mtd, to, &ops);
*retlen = ops.retlen;
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_write - [MTD Interface] NAND write with ECC
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @len: number of bytes to write
* @retlen: pointer to variable to store the number of written bytes
* @buf: the data to write
*
* NAND write with ECC.
*/
static int nand_write(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to, size_t len,
size_t *retlen, const uint8_t *buf)
{
struct mtd_oob_ops ops;
int ret;
nand_get_device(mtd, FL_WRITING);
memset(&ops, 0, sizeof(ops));
ops.len = len;
ops.datbuf = (uint8_t *)buf;
ops.mode = MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB;
ret = nand_do_write_ops(mtd, to, &ops);
*retlen = ops.retlen;
nand_release_device(mtd);
return ret;
}
/**
* nand_do_write_oob - [MTD Interface] NAND write out-of-band
* @mtd: MTD device structure
* @to: offset to write to
* @ops: oob operation description structure
*
* NAND write out-of-band.
*/
static int nand_do_write_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t to,
struct mtd_oob_ops *ops)
{
int chipnr, page, status, len;
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
pr_debug("%s: to = 0x%08x, len = %i\n",
__func__, (unsigned int)to, (int)ops->ooblen);
if (ops->mode == MTD_OPS_AUTO_OOB)
len = chip->ecc.layout->oobavail;
else
len = mtd->oobsize;
/* Do not allow write past end of page */
if ((ops->ooboffs + ops->ooblen) > len) {
pr_debug("%s: attempt to write past end of page\n",
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (unlikely(ops->ooboffs >= len)) {
pr_debug("%s: attempt to start write outside oob\n",
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Do not allow write past end of device */
if (unlikely(to >= mtd->size ||
ops->ooboffs + ops->ooblen >
((mtd->size >> chip->page_shift) -
(to >> chip->page_shift)) * len)) {
pr_debug("%s: attempt to write beyond end of device\n",
__func__);
return -EINVAL;
}
chipnr = (int)(to >> chip->chip_shift);
chip->select_chip(mtd, chipnr);
/* Shift to get page */
page = (int)(to >> chip->page_shift);
/*
* Reset the chip. Some chips (like the Toshiba TC5832DC found in one
* of my DiskOnChip 2000 test units) will clear the whole data page too
* if we don't do this. I have no clue why, but I seem to have 'fixed'
* it in the doc2000 driver in August 1999. dwmw2.