mm: Add a user_ns owner to mm_struct and fix ptrace permission checks

commit bfedb589252c01fa505ac9f6f2a3d5d68d707ef4 upstream.

During exec dumpable is cleared if the file that is being executed is
not readable by the user executing the file.  A bug in
ptrace_may_access allows reading the file if the executable happens to
enter into a subordinate user namespace (aka clone(CLONE_NEWUSER),
unshare(CLONE_NEWUSER), or setns(fd, CLONE_NEWUSER).

This problem is fixed with only necessary userspace breakage by adding
a user namespace owner to mm_struct, captured at the time of exec, so
it is clear in which user namespace CAP_SYS_PTRACE must be present in
to be able to safely give read permission to the executable.

The function ptrace_may_access is modified to verify that the ptracer
has CAP_SYS_ADMIN in task->mm->user_ns instead of task->cred->user_ns.
This ensures that if the task changes it's cred into a subordinate
user namespace it does not become ptraceable.

The function ptrace_attach is modified to only set PT_PTRACE_CAP when
CAP_SYS_PTRACE is held over task->mm->user_ns.  The intent of
PT_PTRACE_CAP is to be a flag to note that whatever permission changes
the task might go through the tracer has sufficient permissions for
it not to be an issue.  task->cred->user_ns is always the same
as or descendent of mm->user_ns.  Which guarantees that having
CAP_SYS_PTRACE over mm->user_ns is the worst case for the tasks

To prevent regressions mm->dumpable and mm->user_ns are not considered
when a task has no mm.  As simply failing ptrace_may_attach causes
regressions in privileged applications attempting to read things
such as /proc/<pid>/stat

Acked-by: Kees Cook <>
Tested-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <>
Fixes: 8409cca70561 ("userns: allow ptrace from non-init user namespaces")
Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

4 files changed